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  • 1. Roosevelt and Hitler America Compared American History in International Perspective H141/Kristen Cox
  • 2. Roosevelt and Hitler: Biography  Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Born wealthy, into educated family – Attended Harvard Law School – Served as assistant secretary to the Navy – Stricken with polio In the early 1920’s – Elected governor of New York in 1928 – In 1933, Roosevelt was elected President of the United States, defeat over President Herbert Hoover  Adolf Hitler – Son of Austrian customs official – Dropped out of school when 14 – Served in World War 1, received Iron Cross – Hitler created the National Socialist Party – Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany on January 30,1933
  • 3. Roosevelt and Hitler  Roosevelt’s New Deal – New Deal: complex package of economic programs initiated by FDR  Aim to decrease unemployment rates  strengthen the economy – The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938  set maximum hours and minimum wages for most categories of workers.  forbade labor by children under sixteen  Provisions applied to workers engaged directly in interstate commerce – Agricultural Adjustment Act  Seek to eliminate surplus from farm production  Maintain crop prices, supply vs. demand – Farm Security Administration  established in 1937  offered loans to farm tenants and laborers  Regulated wages and hours of migrant workers  Built model migrant camps and health clinics
  • 4. Roosevelt and Hitler  Hitler’s new Germany – Unemployment rate almost 30% when came into power – Kraft Durch Freude/ Strength through joy  Founded in 1933  Provided finance for workers vacations & other cultural benefits  Hitler and the Third Reich admired – Construction of dozens of dams, autobahns, railroads, and other civil works – German leaders used the economy as reason for war – Brought prosperity to Germany  Full employment  Increased output  Great economic expansion – Nazi Army which strived for world domination, supported by people because of economical success