THE POLITICAL ECONOMYOF CHILDHOOD
“who owns children?”children’s legal & political rights        children’s work     children as consumers    “the universal...
topic six:cultural &structuralapproaches to  childhood
‘childhood’ as a  cultural form
kids are rude         immoral         lazy & greedy         stupid         at-risk
‘childhood’ as astructural form
a political economyapproach to childhood
power        political             public policyrelations        laws             economic               production,      ...
cultural   political/           economic                 adapted from jason hart
cultural                  political/                               economicvalues, attitudes, patterns     political/econo...
Why are there low rates of enrollment andparticipation in schooling in some countries?cultural reasons        structural r...
“We cling to a fantasy that once upon atime childhood and youth were years of  carefree adventure…The notion of a  long ch...
why do we need a   political-economicfocus on children’s lives?
who owns children?
children’s legal rights    children’s workchildren as consumers
children’s legal rights    children’s workchildren as consumers
parents   society
parents                   societychildren are dependent       future members of                              society and p...
children’s legal rights    children’s workchildren as consumers
children’s work
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE END OF CHILD FACTORY WORK:      development of universal,       compulsory educationtechnologi...
Orlando Sierra/AFP/Getty Images
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE   CONTINUATION OF CHILD FACTORY WORK IN THE SOUTH: lack of technological advance due to   role...
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE   CONTINUATION OF CHILD FACTORY WORK IN THE SOUTH:lack of social mobility for poor children   ...
combatting...child labour      or poverty?
children’s legal rights    children’s workchildren as consumers
the construction of the   child consumer
“These experiences have the advantage also of creating in the child a sense of   personal, as well as family, pride inowne...
is there such a thing as auniversal childhood?
Children of                                   the World            Industrialized                            Peripheral   ...
contexts ofchildren’s daily lives family community school work media
universalchildhood?
Childhood is socially constructed asa consequence of children’s and adult’s  political-economic activities across    diffe...
A universal culture ofcapitalism and consumerism.
“The world seen from the point of   view of the consumer is very different from the world as seen from the perspective of ...
“who owns children?”children’s legal & political rights        children’s work     children as consumers    “the universal...
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
The Political Economy of Childhood
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The Political Economy of Childhood

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The follow-up to "What's Wrong With Kids These Days" — this one, especially, will probably make no sense if you weren't in my class. Sorry! (Hopefully I'll record audio for it one day.)

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The Political Economy of Childhood

  1. 1. THE POLITICAL ECONOMYOF CHILDHOOD
  2. 2. “who owns children?”children’s legal & political rights children’s work children as consumers “the universal childhood”
  3. 3. topic six:cultural &structuralapproaches to childhood
  4. 4. ‘childhood’ as a cultural form
  5. 5. kids are rude immoral lazy & greedy stupid at-risk
  6. 6. ‘childhood’ as astructural form
  7. 7. a political economyapproach to childhood
  8. 8. power political public policyrelations laws economic production, distribution, and consumption
  9. 9. cultural political/ economic adapted from jason hart
  10. 10. cultural political/ economicvalues, attitudes, patterns political/economic of behavior – and the forces that produce effect these have on and reproduce the children’s lives material conditions of children’s lives human relations and interactions institutions and their workings local, micro-level national/global or macro-level adapted from jason hart
  11. 11. Why are there low rates of enrollment andparticipation in schooling in some countries?cultural reasons structural reasons (e.g. political economic) adapted from jason hart
  12. 12. “We cling to a fantasy that once upon atime childhood and youth were years of carefree adventure…The notion of a long childhood, devoted to education and free from adult responsibilities, is a very recent invention, and one that became a reality for a majority of children only after World War II.” – Steven Mintz, Huck’s Raft
  13. 13. why do we need a political-economicfocus on children’s lives?
  14. 14. who owns children?
  15. 15. children’s legal rights children’s workchildren as consumers
  16. 16. children’s legal rights children’s workchildren as consumers
  17. 17. parents society
  18. 18. parents societychildren are dependent future members of society and polity parents bear economic responsibility for intervention on laborchildren’s physical needs and education issues autonomy over house funding for social and household programs depends on economic interpretations
  19. 19. children’s legal rights children’s workchildren as consumers
  20. 20. children’s work
  21. 21. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE END OF CHILD FACTORY WORK: development of universal, compulsory educationtechnological advances in machinery unionization of labour, which led to higher wages – enough for a “breadwinner”to support a family
  22. 22. Orlando Sierra/AFP/Getty Images
  23. 23. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE CONTINUATION OF CHILD FACTORY WORK IN THE SOUTH: lack of technological advance due to role of ‘global South’ in the globaleconomy (i.e. source of cheap labour)effect of free trade rules that prevent growth of indigenous industries in ‘global South’
  24. 24. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE CONTINUATION OF CHILD FACTORY WORK IN THE SOUTH:lack of social mobility for poor children who remain in school banning or constraint of trade unions acceptance of child factory work
  25. 25. combatting...child labour or poverty?
  26. 26. children’s legal rights children’s workchildren as consumers
  27. 27. the construction of the child consumer
  28. 28. “These experiences have the advantage also of creating in the child a sense of personal, as well as family, pride inownership, and eventually teaching him that his personality can be expressed through things.” – White House, 1931
  29. 29. is there such a thing as auniversal childhood?
  30. 30. Children of the World Industrialized Peripheral Countries Countries (United States, Europe) (Latin America, Asia) Working Class Middle Class Working Class Middle Class Peasants Industrialists Daily Reality BASIS FOR Daily Reality Emulates Universal Common UNIVERSAL Common (American)(Mis-)perceptions CHILDHOOD (Mis-)perceptions Childhood
  31. 31. contexts ofchildren’s daily lives family community school work media
  32. 32. universalchildhood?
  33. 33. Childhood is socially constructed asa consequence of children’s and adult’s political-economic activities across different historical periods and cultural variables – yielding a range and variety of “childhoods”, rather than a universal phenomenon.
  34. 34. A universal culture ofcapitalism and consumerism.
  35. 35. “The world seen from the point of view of the consumer is very different from the world as seen from the perspective of worker, capitalist, or people of other cultures around the world.” – Richard Robbins Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism
  36. 36. “who owns children?”children’s legal & political rights children’s work children as consumers “the universal childhood”

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