Johnson as a critic

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Johnson as a critic

  1. 1. Johnson as a Critic <ul><li>Did not produce any great singular work on criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Exerted a great influence on English criticism never before </li></ul><ul><li>The last of neo-classicists </li></ul><ul><li>Practical criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Literature is governed by the writer’s age and environment </li></ul>
  2. 2. Johnson’s Works as a Critic <ul><li>A dozen papers in Rambler </li></ul><ul><li>Remarks on poetry in Rasselas </li></ul><ul><li>Preface to the Plays of Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Lives of the Poets </li></ul>
  3. 3. Johnson’s Criticism 1 <ul><li>Conformity to nature and reason is the basic test of literary excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Not for rigidity in rules </li></ul><ul><li>Historical estimate is an important factor in the real estimation of author </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry affords pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry imitates truth or life </li></ul>
  4. 4. Johnson’s Criticism 2 <ul><li>Poetry is an imitation of life through particular they present universal </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation should be of general nature </li></ul><ul><li>That is, what people of most ages do </li></ul><ul><li>Pleases many and pleases long </li></ul><ul><li>Morality and truth are the two requirements of poetry </li></ul>
  5. 5. Johnson’s Criticism 3 <ul><li>Considered epic superior to all other forms of verse </li></ul><ul><li>Among the unities Johnson found only the unity of action is justified by reason </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson was the first critic to attempt practical criticism in a systematic way. </li></ul>
  6. 6. To Be Continued

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