III BA LITERATURE FEB 11 2011
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Transcript

  • 1. Greetings
  • 2. This Semester Papers I Deal With
    • Core Subject 3 Literary Criticism
    • Unit III
    • Dryden
    • Johnson
    • Core Subject 5 Commonwealth Literature
    • Unit V
    • The Swamp Dwellers
    • -Wole Soyinka
  • 3.  
  • 4. Dryden
    • An Introduction
    • Dryden as a Critic
    • 4 Topics
    • 10 Questions
  • 5. An Introduction
  • 6.  
  • 7. John Dryden
    • English Poet
    • Literary Critic
    • Dramatist
    • Translator
    • Leader in Restoration Comedy
    • Poet Laureate
    John Dryden, (1631-1700), English poet, literary critic, dramatist and leader in Restoration comedy wrote the comedic play  Marriage A-la-Mode  (1672), and the tragedy  All for Love  (1678).
  • 8. Dryden’s Birth
    • Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire, England
    • Eldest son among 14
    • Erasmus Dryden and Mary Pickering
    John Dryden was born in Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire, England, the eldest of fourteen children of Erasmus Dryden (c.1602–1654) and Mary Pickering (d. 1676).
  • 9. Dryden’s Education
    • King’s Scholar
    • Classics at Westminster
    • Entered Trinity College in 1650
    • Graduated in 1654
  • 10. Dryden’s Marriage
    • Married Lady Elizabeth Howard
    • Daughter of the Earl of Berkshire
    • On December 1 1663
    • Later Three Sons
  • 11. Dryden in Kings Theatre
    • Dryden entered into contact with Kings Theatre company
    • In 1668
    • To Produce three play a year
  • 12. Honours
    • Archbishop of Canterbury Awarded him an M. A. in 1668
    • Became Poet Laureate in the same year
    • Became Royal Historiographer in 1970
  • 13. Dishonours
    • Beaten by thugs in 1679
    • Ordered by Earl of Rochester
    • For collaboration on An Essay Upon Satire
    • Not upon Evidence
    • On Suspicion
    • William III becomes King
    • Loses his Laureateship in 1688
  • 14. His works
    • Heroic Stanzas  (1658), on the death of Oliver Cromwell is his first important work
    • Poem Astræa Redux  (1660). 
    • To His Sacred Majesty, a Panegyrick on his Coronation  (1661)
    • First play The Wild Gallant  was first staged in 1662
  • 15. His Works contd.
    • The Rival Ladies  (1663 ) [play]
    • Attached to it is one of his famous Prefaces where he describes his principles of dramatic criticism
    • His first successful play, written in heroic couplets was The Indian Emperor  (1665)
  • 16. His Works Contd.
    • Annus Mirabilis (1666) celebrates the English Navy's victory over the Dutch
    • The Maiden Queen  was composed in blank verse, rhyming couplets and prose in 1667
    • The Assignation, or Love in a Nunnery   in the same year
  • 17. His Works Contd.
    • An Essay of Dramatic Poesy  (1668) was written two years after the Restoration with the reopening of the theatres
    • Marriage A-la-Mode  (1672)
    • The Conquest of Granada (1672)
    • His unsuccessful work on the theme of Paradise Lost,  The State of Innocence , was staged in 167 4
  • 18. His Works Contd.
    • He produced his best play, All for Love  in 1678.
    • It is Dryden's most famous masterpiece based on Anthony and Cleopatra
    • Troilus and Cressida (1679)
    • Absalom and Achitophel , Dryden's allegorical poem appeared in 1681
    • Well-known political satire of Shaftesbury
    • An Allegory
  • 19. His Works Contd.
    • Religio Laici  (1682 )
    • A didactic poem
    • Argues the case for Anglicanism
    • Threnodia Angustalis  (1685) is an ode to Charles II
    • The Hind and the Panther  (1687 )
    • It marked Dryden's final conversion to Roman Catholicism
  • 20. His Works Contd.
    • Don Sebastian  (1690),a tragi-comedy
    •   Love Triumphant  (1694) , a tragi-comedy
    • Translated poems from Latin and Greek
  • 21. Dryden’s Death
    • John Dryden died on 12 May 1700
    • From inflammation caused by gout
    • Buried in the Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey, London, England
    • Nearby to his long time friend William Congreve
  • 22. Dryden as a Critic
  • 23. Dryden as a Critic
    • Neo-Classicist
    • French Influence
    • Essay Of Dramatic Poesy
    • Prefaces
    • Unsystematic
    • Inconsistent
    • Repetitive
    • It is scattered
  • 24. Neo- Classicist
    • Gave importance to classical rules
    • Rules Compatibility with nature
    • New interpretation of rules based on the nature of poetry
  • 25. French Influence
    • During the civil war between parliament and Charles I many poets left for France and later influenced by French
    • To get royal favour they mixed English with French during the reign of Charles II and James II
  • 26. Essay Of Dramatic Poesy
    • Major Critical work of John Dryden
    • It is in the form of the Dialogue
    • He defends English Dramatists
    • Defends tragi-comedy
    • Explains Unities in favour of English
  • 27. Prefaces
    • Epistle Dedicatory of the Rival Ladies
    • - advocates the use of heroic
    • purposes
    • Dedication to Annus Mirabilis
    • - advocates four-line stanza for heroic verse
  • 28. Prefaces
    • A Defence of an Essay of Dramatic Poesy prefixed to The Indian Emperor
    • “Of Heroic Plays” prefixed to The Conquest of Granada [Part 1]
    • Epilogue and The Defence of the Epilogue to The Conquest of Granada [Part II]
    • - defend the use of rhymed couplet in tragedy
  • 29. Prefaces
    • “The Apology of Heroic Poetry” prefixed to The State of Innocence eulogises Milton’s achievements in heroic poetry
    • “The Grounds of Criticism in Tragedy” prefixed to Troilus and Cressida contains an exposition of Aristotle’s tragedy
    • “A Discourse Concerning the Original and Progress of Satire” prefixed to the translation of The Satires of Juvenal
  • 30. Prefaces
    • “ Dedication of the Aenies” prefixed to the translation of Virgil’s Works
    • Preface to the Fables
  • 31. To Be Continued…
  • 32. Literary Criticism Portion for Second Internal John Dryden
  • 33. Model Question Paper Section- A Answer any five questions [1x 5=5]
    • 1. “Dryden is the father of English criticism” are the words uttered
    • by----- [a] Dr. Johnson [b] Ben Jonson [c] Magic Johnson
    • 2. Dryden wrote An Essay of Dramatic Poesy to vindicate the
    • honour of------dramatists.
    • [a] French [b] English [c] German
    • 3. “The Apology of Heroic Poetry” is prefixed to-----
    • [a] The State of Innocence [b] All for Love [c] The Rivals
    • Dryden considers Epic superior to---
    • [a] tragedy [b] comedy [c] tragi-comedy
    • 5. “The Grounds of Criticism in Tragedy” is prefixed to ----
    • [a] Troilus and Cressida [b] The Conquest of Granada
    • [c] All for Love
    • Dryden’s criticism is unsystematic.
    • [a] True [b] False
  • 34.
    • 8. Dryden’s criticism is inconsistent.
    • [a] True [b] False
    • 9. Dryden’s Criticism is repetitive.
    • [a] False [b] True
    • 10. A Defence of an Essay of Dramatic Poesy prefixed to
    • [a] The Indian Emperor [b] The Rival Ladies
    • Section- B
    • Answer any question in 200 words[1 x5=5]
    • 11. Write a short note on Dryden as a critic.
    • List the critical works of Dryden.
    • Answer any question in 500 words[1x 10=10]
    • 13. Dryden’s career as a critic-Discuss.
    • 14. Write an analysis of Dryden’s critical works