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I bcom tenses 15th feb 2011 Golden Jubilee Hall
 

I bcom tenses 15th feb 2011 Golden Jubilee Hall

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Tenses

Tenses
For VOC COLLEGE I B Com Students
Thoothukudi

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    I bcom tenses 15th feb 2011 Golden Jubilee Hall I bcom tenses 15th feb 2011 Golden Jubilee Hall Presentation Transcript

    • Tenses
      • Present Progressive
      • Past Progressive
      • Future Progressive
      • Present Perfect
      • Past Perfect
      • Future Perfect
      Present Perfect Progressive Past Perfect Progressive Future Perfect Progressive 15 th February 2011 5 th Hour I B Com Golden Jubilee Hall
    • Progressive Tenses
      • Present Progressive Tense
      • Past Progressive Tense
      • Future progressive Tense
    • Present Progressive Tense
    • Present Progressive Tense
      • I am reading book now
      • We are reading book now
      • You are reading book now
      • They are reading book now
      • He is reading book now
      • She is reading book now
      • It is reading book now
      • Sam is reading book now
      • Mala is reading book now
    • Uses of Present Progressive Tense 1
      • For an action going on at the time of speaking
      • Examples:
      • She is singing now.
      • He is playing cricket now.
      • They are eating biscuits.
      • I am drinking coffee now.
      • What are you doing now?
    • Uses of Present Progressive Tense 2
      • For a temporary action which may not be actually happening at the time of speaking.
      • Examples:
      • I am reading David Copperfield[not reading at this moment]
      • I am watching TV[not now]
      • He is playing violin[not now]
      • She is reading[now not reading]
    • Uses of Present Progressive Tense 3
      • For an action that is planned or arranged to take place in the near future.
      • Examples:
      • I am going to the cinema tonight.
      • His uncle is arriving tomorrow
      • Her friend is leaving tonight.
      • They are coming tomorrow
      • Will you be coming tomorrow?
    • Uses of Present Progressive Tense 4
      • For referring to the habit which continues for long in spite of warning or advice we use present progressive tense.
      • We use present progressive with an adverb like always, continually, constantly.
      • Examples:
      • Ram is so adamant; he is constantly going late to bed in spite of his father’s advice.
      • Sam is so casual; he is coming to college late in spite of the principal’s warning.
    • Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 1
      • The following verbs are not normally used in the continuous form:
      • Verbs of Perception:
      • - see
      • - hear
      • - smell
      • - notice
      • - recognize
    • Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 2
      • 2. Verbs of appearing
      • - appear
      • - look
      • - seem
    • Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 3
      • 3. Verbs of emotion
      • - want
      • - wish
      • - desire
      • - feel
      • - like
      • - love
      • - hate
      • - hope
      • - refuse
      • - prefer
    • Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 4
      • 4. Verbs of thinking:
      • - think
      • - suppose
      • - believe
      • - agree
      • - consider
      • - trust
      • - remember
      • - forget
      • - know
      • - understand
      • - imagine
      • - mean
      • - mind
    • Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 5
      • 5. Have[Possess]
      • -possess
      • -own
      • - belong to
      • - contain
      • - consist of
    • Summing up
      • For an action going on at the time of speaking
      • For a temporary action which may not be actually happening at the time of speaking.
      • For an action that is planned or arranged to take place in the near future.
      • For referring to the habit which continues for long in spite of warning or advice we use present progressive tense.
      • We use present progressive with an adverb like always, continually, constantly.
      • Some verbs are not used in present progressive tense, they are used in simple present
    • Past Progressive Tense
    • Past Progressive Tense
      • The light went out while I was reading.
      • The power went off while we were watching TV.
      • Were you listening to the radio all evening?
      • They were getting tired.
      • When I saw him, he was playing chess.
      • When Tom saw Jenie, she was cooking food.
      • It was getting darker
    • Uses of Past Progressive Tense 1
      • Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past
      • In the middle of something
      • Time of the action may or may not be indicated
      • Examples:
      • We were listening to the radio all evening
      • We were playing cards
      • The Power went off while I was drawing picture
      • I was walking home when I met Dave
    • Uses of Past Progressive Tense 2
      • It is also used with always, continually for persistent habits in the past.
      • Examples:
      • He was always smoking. [now he stopped smoking]
      • He was always grumbling. [now he stopped]
      • He was always quarrelsome. [ now he is not so]
      • He was always late to school. [now he is punctual]
    • Summing Up
      • Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past
      • In the middle of something
      • Time of the action may or may not be indicated
      • It is also used with always, continually for persistent habits in the past.
    • Future Progressive Tense
    • Future Progressive Tense
      • I shall be reading the paper then.
      • We shall be reaching home then
      • Will you be staying here till Sunday?
      • They will be meeting us next week.
      • He will be staying here till Monday.
      • She will be meeting us tomorrow
      • It will be getting darker after sometime.
    • Uses of Future Progressive Tense 1
      • The future progressive denotes an action as going on at some time in future
      • Examples:
      • When I get home, my children will be playing
      • Will you be using your bicycle this evening?
      • At 10’ 0 clock tomorrow she will be working in her office.
    • Uses of Future Progressive Tense 2
      • This tense is also used for future action that is planned
      • Examples
      • I shall be staying here still Sunday .
      • We shall be meeting you after two days.
      • You will be leaving next week, I suppose.
      • They will be reaching their home next week.
    • Summing Up
      • The future progressive denotes an action as going on at some time in future
      • This tense is also used for future action that is planned
    • Perfect Tenses Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Future Perfect Tense
    • Present Perfect Tense
    • Present Perfect Tense
      • I have just entered.
      • We have just reached the ground.
      • You have already gone there, I suppose.
      • He has not left yet.
      • She has reached home just now.
      • It has just struck ten.
    • Uses of Present Perfect Tense 1
      • To indicate completed activities in the immediate past
      • Examples:
      • He has just gone out.
      • It has just struck 10.
      • The train has just arrived.
      • Ram has come just now
    • Uses of Present Perfect Tense 2
      • To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite.
      • Examples:
      • Have you read Sherlock Holmes?
      • I have never known him to be angry.
      • Mr. Pari has been to Japan.
      • Mala has been to Canada.
    • Uses of Present Perfect Tense 3
      • To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present time
      • Examples:
      • Tom has eaten all the biscuits.[nothing left now]
      • I have cut my finger.[it is bleeding now]
      • I have finished my work.[now I am free]
    • Uses Present Perfect Tense 4
      • To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment.
      • Examples:
      • I have known him for a long time.
      • He has been ill since last week.
      • We have lived here for ten years.
      • We haven’t seen Kala for several months.
    • Summing Up
      • To indicate completed activities in the immediate past
      • To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite.
      • To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present time
      • To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment.
    • Past Perfect Tense
    • Past Perfect Tense
      • I had written the letter before he arrived.
      • We had reached the station before the train arrived.
      • You had reached the house before it was dark
      • They had entered the hall before it was closed
      • He had reached the school before the bell rang.
      • She reached the station after the train had left.
      • It stopped barking after the thief had left
    • Uses of Past Perfect Tense 1
      • The past perfect describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past.
      • Example:
      • I met him in Paris in 1970. I had seen him last five years before.
    • Uses of Past Perfect Tense 2
      • If two actions happened in the past with first action we use past perfect and with second action we use simple past.
      • Examples:
      • I had posted the letter before he arrived.
    • Summing Up
      • The past perfect describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past.
      • If two actions happened in the past with first action we use past perfect and with second action we use simple past.
    • Future Perfect Tense
    • Future Perfect Tense
      • I shall have written my exercise by that time.
      • We shall have finished our homework by that time.
      • You will have reached your home by that time.
      • He will have completed his studies by that time.
      • She will have ended her career by that time.
      • It will have landed in London by that time.
    • Future Perfect Tense is Used
      • To indicate the completion of an action by a certain future time.
      • Examples:
      • Before you go to see him he will have left the place.
    • Perfect Progressive Tenses Present Perfect Progressive Tense Past Perfect Progressive Tense Future Perfect Progressive Tense
    • Present Perfect Progressive Tense
      • I have been sleeping for five hours.
      • We have been playing for five hours.
      • You have been reading for five hours.
      • They have been sleeping for five hours
      • He has been sleeping for five hours.
      • She has been reading for five hours.
      • It has been barking for ten minutes.
    • Present Perfect Progressive Tense is Used
      • For an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing.
      • Example:
      • They have been building the bridge for several months.
    • Past Perfect Progressive Tense
      • At that time I had been writing a novel for two months.
      • At that time we had been producing a film for three months.
      • At that time you had been working in a bank for six months.
      • At that time they had been playing for few weeks.
      • At that time he had been working in a bank.
      • At that time she had been working in a school.
      • At that time it had been staying in a wealthy house for few weeks.
    • Past Perfect Progressive Tense is Used
      • For an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time.
      • Example:
      • At that time you had been working in a bank for six months.
    • Future Perfect Progressive Tense
      • By next may I shall have been living here for two years.
      • By next may we shall have been living here for two years.
      • By next may you will have been living here for two years.
      • By next may they will have been living here for two years.
      • By next may he will have been living here for two years.
      • By next may she will have been living here for two years.
      • By next may it will have been living here for two years.
    • Future Perfect Progressive Tense is Used
      • To represent an action as being in progress over a period of time that will end in the future.
      • Example:
      • When he gets his degree, he will have been studying at Oxford for four years.
    • The End