Tenses  <ul><li>Present Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Past Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Future Progressive </li></ul><ul>...
Progressive Tenses  <ul><li>Present Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Past Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Future pr...
Present Progressive Tense
Present Progressive Tense <ul><li>I am reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>We are reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>You ar...
Uses of Present Progressive Tense 1 <ul><li>For an action going on at the time of speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </l...
Uses of Present Progressive Tense 2 <ul><li>For a temporary action which may not be actually happening at the time of spea...
Uses of Present Progressive Tense 3 <ul><li>For an action that is planned or  arranged to take place in the near future. <...
Uses of Present Progressive Tense 4 <ul><li>For  referring to the habit which continues for long in spite of warning or ad...
Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 1 <ul><li>The following verbs are not normally used in the continuous form: </li></ul><...
Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 2 <ul><li>2. Verbs of appearing </li></ul><ul><li>- appear  </li></ul><ul><li>- look </...
Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 3 <ul><li>3. Verbs of emotion </li></ul><ul><li>- want </li></ul><ul><li>- wish </li></...
Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 4 <ul><li>4. Verbs of thinking: </li></ul><ul><li>- think </li></ul><ul><li>- suppose <...
Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 5 <ul><li>5. Have[Possess]  </li></ul><ul><li>-possess </li></ul><ul><li>-own </li></ul...
Summing up <ul><li>For an action going on at the time of speaking </li></ul><ul><li>For a temporary action which may not b...
Past Progressive Tense
Past Progressive Tense <ul><li>The light went out while I was reading. </li></ul><ul><li>The power went off while we were ...
Uses of Past Progressive Tense 1 <ul><li>Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past </li></ul><ul><li>In t...
Uses of Past Progressive Tense 2 <ul><li>It is also used with always, continually for persistent habits in the past. </li>...
Summing Up <ul><li>Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle of something...
Future Progressive Tense
Future Progressive Tense <ul><li>I shall be reading the paper then. </li></ul><ul><li>We shall be reaching home then </li>...
Uses of Future Progressive Tense 1 <ul><li>The future progressive denotes an action as going on at some time in future </l...
Uses of Future Progressive Tense 2 <ul><li>This tense is also used for future action that is planned </li></ul><ul><li>Exa...
Summing Up <ul><li>The future progressive denotes an action as going on at some time in future </li></ul><ul><li>This tens...
Perfect Tenses Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Future Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>I have just entered. </li></ul><ul><li>We have just reached the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Yo...
Uses of Present Perfect Tense 1 <ul><li>To indicate completed activities in the immediate past </li></ul><ul><li>Examples:...
Uses of Present Perfect Tense 2 <ul><li>To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite. </li></ul><ul><l...
Uses of Present Perfect Tense 3 <ul><li>To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present time </l...
Uses Present Perfect Tense 4 <ul><li>To denote  an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the pres...
Summing Up <ul><li>To indicate completed activities in the immediate past </li></ul><ul><li>To express past actions whose ...
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>I had written the letter before he arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>We had reached the station before...
Uses of Past Perfect Tense 1 <ul><li>The past perfect describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past. <...
Uses of Past Perfect Tense 2 <ul><li>If two actions happened in the past with first action we use past perfect and with se...
Summing Up <ul><li>The past perfect describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Tense <ul><li>I shall have written my exercise by that time. </li></ul><ul><li>We shall have finished our h...
Future Perfect Tense is Used <ul><li>To indicate the completion of an action by a certain future time. </li></ul><ul><li>E...
Perfect Progressive Tenses Present Perfect Progressive Tense Past Perfect Progressive Tense Future Perfect Progressive Tense
Present Perfect Progressive Tense <ul><li>I have been sleeping for five hours. </li></ul><ul><li>We have been playing for ...
Present Perfect Progressive Tense is Used <ul><li>For an action which began at some time in the past and is still continui...
Past Perfect Progressive Tense <ul><li>At that time I had been writing a novel for two months. </li></ul><ul><li>At that t...
Past Perfect Progressive Tense is Used <ul><li>For an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued u...
Future Perfect Progressive Tense <ul><li>By next may I shall have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By nex...
Future Perfect Progressive Tense is Used <ul><li>To represent an action as being in progress over a period of time that wi...
The End
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

I bcom tenses 15th feb 2011 Golden Jubilee Hall

1,992

Published on

Tenses
For VOC COLLEGE I B Com Students
Thoothukudi

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,992
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
114
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

I bcom tenses 15th feb 2011 Golden Jubilee Hall

  1. 1. Tenses <ul><li>Present Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Past Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Future Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Present Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Future Perfect </li></ul>Present Perfect Progressive Past Perfect Progressive Future Perfect Progressive 15 th February 2011 5 th Hour I B Com Golden Jubilee Hall
  2. 2. Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Present Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Past Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><li>Future progressive Tense </li></ul>
  3. 3. Present Progressive Tense
  4. 4. Present Progressive Tense <ul><li>I am reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>We are reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>You are reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>They are reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>He is reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>She is reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>It is reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>Sam is reading book now </li></ul><ul><li>Mala is reading book now </li></ul>
  5. 5. Uses of Present Progressive Tense 1 <ul><li>For an action going on at the time of speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>She is singing now. </li></ul><ul><li>He is playing cricket now. </li></ul><ul><li>They are eating biscuits. </li></ul><ul><li>I am drinking coffee now. </li></ul><ul><li>What are you doing now? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Uses of Present Progressive Tense 2 <ul><li>For a temporary action which may not be actually happening at the time of speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I am reading David Copperfield[not reading at this moment] </li></ul><ul><li>I am watching TV[not now] </li></ul><ul><li>He is playing violin[not now] </li></ul><ul><li>She is reading[now not reading] </li></ul>
  7. 7. Uses of Present Progressive Tense 3 <ul><li>For an action that is planned or arranged to take place in the near future. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I am going to the cinema tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>His uncle is arriving tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Her friend is leaving tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>They are coming tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>Will you be coming tomorrow? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Uses of Present Progressive Tense 4 <ul><li>For referring to the habit which continues for long in spite of warning or advice we use present progressive tense. </li></ul><ul><li>We use present progressive with an adverb like always, continually, constantly. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Ram is so adamant; he is constantly going late to bed in spite of his father’s advice. </li></ul><ul><li>Sam is so casual; he is coming to college late in spite of the principal’s warning. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 1 <ul><li>The following verbs are not normally used in the continuous form: </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs of Perception: </li></ul><ul><li>- see </li></ul><ul><li>- hear </li></ul><ul><li>- smell </li></ul><ul><li>- notice </li></ul><ul><li>- recognize </li></ul>
  10. 10. Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 2 <ul><li>2. Verbs of appearing </li></ul><ul><li>- appear </li></ul><ul><li>- look </li></ul><ul><li>- seem </li></ul>
  11. 11. Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 3 <ul><li>3. Verbs of emotion </li></ul><ul><li>- want </li></ul><ul><li>- wish </li></ul><ul><li>- desire </li></ul><ul><li>- feel </li></ul><ul><li>- like </li></ul><ul><li>- love </li></ul><ul><li>- hate </li></ul><ul><li>- hope </li></ul><ul><li>- refuse </li></ul><ul><li>- prefer </li></ul>
  12. 12. Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 4 <ul><li>4. Verbs of thinking: </li></ul><ul><li>- think </li></ul><ul><li>- suppose </li></ul><ul><li>- believe </li></ul><ul><li>- agree </li></ul><ul><li>- consider </li></ul><ul><li>- trust </li></ul><ul><li>- remember </li></ul><ul><li>- forget </li></ul><ul><li>- know </li></ul><ul><li>- understand </li></ul><ul><li>- imagine </li></ul><ul><li>- mean </li></ul><ul><li>- mind </li></ul>
  13. 13. Verbs Not Used in Progressive Form 5 <ul><li>5. Have[Possess] </li></ul><ul><li>-possess </li></ul><ul><li>-own </li></ul><ul><li>- belong to </li></ul><ul><li>- contain </li></ul><ul><li>- consist of </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summing up <ul><li>For an action going on at the time of speaking </li></ul><ul><li>For a temporary action which may not be actually happening at the time of speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>For an action that is planned or arranged to take place in the near future. </li></ul><ul><li>For referring to the habit which continues for long in spite of warning or advice we use present progressive tense. </li></ul><ul><li>We use present progressive with an adverb like always, continually, constantly. </li></ul><ul><li>Some verbs are not used in present progressive tense, they are used in simple present </li></ul>
  15. 15. Past Progressive Tense
  16. 16. Past Progressive Tense <ul><li>The light went out while I was reading. </li></ul><ul><li>The power went off while we were watching TV. </li></ul><ul><li>Were you listening to the radio all evening? </li></ul><ul><li>They were getting tired. </li></ul><ul><li>When I saw him, he was playing chess. </li></ul><ul><li>When Tom saw Jenie, she was cooking food. </li></ul><ul><li>It was getting darker </li></ul>
  17. 17. Uses of Past Progressive Tense 1 <ul><li>Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle of something </li></ul><ul><li>Time of the action may or may not be indicated </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>We were listening to the radio all evening </li></ul><ul><li>We were playing cards </li></ul><ul><li>The Power went off while I was drawing picture </li></ul><ul><li>I was walking home when I met Dave </li></ul>
  18. 18. Uses of Past Progressive Tense 2 <ul><li>It is also used with always, continually for persistent habits in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He was always smoking. [now he stopped smoking] </li></ul><ul><li>He was always grumbling. [now he stopped] </li></ul><ul><li>He was always quarrelsome. [ now he is not so] </li></ul><ul><li>He was always late to school. [now he is punctual] </li></ul>
  19. 19. Summing Up <ul><li>Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past </li></ul><ul><li>In the middle of something </li></ul><ul><li>Time of the action may or may not be indicated </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used with always, continually for persistent habits in the past. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Future Progressive Tense
  21. 21. Future Progressive Tense <ul><li>I shall be reading the paper then. </li></ul><ul><li>We shall be reaching home then </li></ul><ul><li>Will you be staying here till Sunday? </li></ul><ul><li>They will be meeting us next week. </li></ul><ul><li>He will be staying here till Monday. </li></ul><ul><li>She will be meeting us tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>It will be getting darker after sometime. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Uses of Future Progressive Tense 1 <ul><li>The future progressive denotes an action as going on at some time in future </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>When I get home, my children will be playing </li></ul><ul><li>Will you be using your bicycle this evening? </li></ul><ul><li>At 10’ 0 clock tomorrow she will be working in her office. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Uses of Future Progressive Tense 2 <ul><li>This tense is also used for future action that is planned </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>I shall be staying here still Sunday . </li></ul><ul><li>We shall be meeting you after two days. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be leaving next week, I suppose. </li></ul><ul><li>They will be reaching their home next week. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Summing Up <ul><li>The future progressive denotes an action as going on at some time in future </li></ul><ul><li>This tense is also used for future action that is planned </li></ul>
  25. 25. Perfect Tenses Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Future Perfect Tense
  26. 26. Present Perfect Tense
  27. 27. Present Perfect Tense <ul><li>I have just entered. </li></ul><ul><li>We have just reached the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>You have already gone there, I suppose. </li></ul><ul><li>He has not left yet. </li></ul><ul><li>She has reached home just now. </li></ul><ul><li>It has just struck ten. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Uses of Present Perfect Tense 1 <ul><li>To indicate completed activities in the immediate past </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He has just gone out. </li></ul><ul><li>It has just struck 10. </li></ul><ul><li>The train has just arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>Ram has come just now </li></ul>
  29. 29. Uses of Present Perfect Tense 2 <ul><li>To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Have you read Sherlock Holmes? </li></ul><ul><li>I have never known him to be angry. </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Pari has been to Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Mala has been to Canada. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Uses of Present Perfect Tense 3 <ul><li>To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present time </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Tom has eaten all the biscuits.[nothing left now] </li></ul><ul><li>I have cut my finger.[it is bleeding now] </li></ul><ul><li>I have finished my work.[now I am free] </li></ul>
  31. 31. Uses Present Perfect Tense 4 <ul><li>To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I have known him for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>He has been ill since last week. </li></ul><ul><li>We have lived here for ten years. </li></ul><ul><li>We haven’t seen Kala for several months. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Summing Up <ul><li>To indicate completed activities in the immediate past </li></ul><ul><li>To express past actions whose time is not given and not definite. </li></ul><ul><li>To describe past events when we think more of their effect in the present time </li></ul><ul><li>To denote an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Past Perfect Tense
  34. 34. Past Perfect Tense <ul><li>I had written the letter before he arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>We had reached the station before the train arrived. </li></ul><ul><li>You had reached the house before it was dark </li></ul><ul><li>They had entered the hall before it was closed </li></ul><ul><li>He had reached the school before the bell rang. </li></ul><ul><li>She reached the station after the train had left. </li></ul><ul><li>It stopped barking after the thief had left </li></ul>
  35. 35. Uses of Past Perfect Tense 1 <ul><li>The past perfect describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I met him in Paris in 1970. I had seen him last five years before. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Uses of Past Perfect Tense 2 <ul><li>If two actions happened in the past with first action we use past perfect and with second action we use simple past. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I had posted the letter before he arrived. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Summing Up <ul><li>The past perfect describes an action completed before a certain moment in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>If two actions happened in the past with first action we use past perfect and with second action we use simple past. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Future Perfect Tense
  39. 39. Future Perfect Tense <ul><li>I shall have written my exercise by that time. </li></ul><ul><li>We shall have finished our homework by that time. </li></ul><ul><li>You will have reached your home by that time. </li></ul><ul><li>He will have completed his studies by that time. </li></ul><ul><li>She will have ended her career by that time. </li></ul><ul><li>It will have landed in London by that time. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Future Perfect Tense is Used <ul><li>To indicate the completion of an action by a certain future time. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Before you go to see him he will have left the place. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Perfect Progressive Tenses Present Perfect Progressive Tense Past Perfect Progressive Tense Future Perfect Progressive Tense
  42. 42. Present Perfect Progressive Tense <ul><li>I have been sleeping for five hours. </li></ul><ul><li>We have been playing for five hours. </li></ul><ul><li>You have been reading for five hours. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been sleeping for five hours </li></ul><ul><li>He has been sleeping for five hours. </li></ul><ul><li>She has been reading for five hours. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been barking for ten minutes. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Present Perfect Progressive Tense is Used <ul><li>For an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>They have been building the bridge for several months. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Past Perfect Progressive Tense <ul><li>At that time I had been writing a novel for two months. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time we had been producing a film for three months. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time you had been working in a bank for six months. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time they had been playing for few weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time he had been working in a bank. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time she had been working in a school. </li></ul><ul><li>At that time it had been staying in a wealthy house for few weeks. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Past Perfect Progressive Tense is Used <ul><li>For an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>At that time you had been working in a bank for six months. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Future Perfect Progressive Tense <ul><li>By next may I shall have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By next may we shall have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By next may you will have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By next may they will have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By next may he will have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By next may she will have been living here for two years. </li></ul><ul><li>By next may it will have been living here for two years. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Future Perfect Progressive Tense is Used <ul><li>To represent an action as being in progress over a period of time that will end in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>When he gets his degree, he will have been studying at Oxford for four years. </li></ul>
  48. 48. The End
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×