FRANCIS BACON -AN INTRODUCTION,12, JULY 2011
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  • 1. ELEVENTH JULY TWO THOUSAND ELEVEN FOURTH HOUR FIRST MA IGNOU SEMINAR HALL FRANCIS BACON AN INTRODUCTION BY S. NEHRU
  • 2. FRANCIS BACON AN INTRODUCTION LIFE OF BACON WORKS OF BACON FEATURES OF BACONS WORKS THE AGE OF ELIZABETH
  • 3. LIFE OF BACON BIRTH CHILDHOOD EDUCATION CAREER FAMILY HONOURS DISHONOUR DEATH
  • 4. BIRTH 22 nd January 1561 DATE York House, Strand, London PLACE PARENTS Nicolas Bacon Father Anne Cooke Mother
  • 5. CHILDHOOD POOR HEALTH SO, NO TO SCHOOL HOME EDUCATION
  • 6. WENT TO GRAY'S INN EDUCATION ENTERED TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE AT THE AGE OF 12 ALSO EDUCATED AT UNIVERSITY OF PIOTIERS
  • 7. CAREER
    • English Philosopher
    • Statesman
    • Scientist
    • Lawyer
    • Essayist
  • 8. PHILOSOPHER STRUGGLE WITH TRADITION NATURAL PHILOSOPHY PHILOSOPHY OF IDOLS SYSTEM OF SCIENCES MATTER THEORY AND COSMOLOGY
  • 9. STATESMAN MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT
    • IN 1584 AT MELCOMBE
    • IN 1586 AT TAUNTON
    • IN 1592 MIDDLESEX
    ATTORNEY GENERAL IN 1613 BACON WAS APPOINTED AS ATTORNEY GENERAL QUEEN'S COUNSEL IN 1596 BACON BECAME QUEEN’S COUNSEL LORD KEEPER OF THE SEAL IN 1617 HE WAS APPOINTED AS THE LORD KEEPER LORD CHANCELLOR IN 1618,HE WAS APPOINTED, LORD CHANCELLOR
  • 10. SCIENTIST PHYSICS METAPHYSICS BACON SPLITS SCIENCE INTO TWO
    • STUDIES THE VARIABLES
    • STUDIES THE CONSTANT
    LAID THE FOUNDATION FOR APPLIED SCIENCE EMPHASIZED EMPIRICAL METHODS
  • 11.   In 1582 he became a barrister and was installed as a reader at Gray's Inn AS A LAWYER HE BECAME IMMEDIATELY SUCCESSFUL HIS KNOWLEDGE AND POWER OF PLEADING BECAME WIDELY KNOWN
  • 12.
    • WROTE NUMEROUS ESSAYS
    • LANGUAGE IS TERSE
    • PITHY SENTENCES
    • PACKED WITH THOUGHT
    • NO CIRCUMLOCUTIONS
    ESSAYIST
  • 13. FAMILY Bacon’s father Sir Nicolas was the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal Anne Cooke is the daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, tutor of Edward VI Anne Cooke is the second wife To Nicolas Bacon Lord Burghley is the maternal Uncle to Bacon After his father’s death Bacon became poor and he did not inherit much Courted a wealthy widow Lady Elizabeth Hatton in 1596 but Failed to end in marriage In 1606 he married Alice Burnham Anthony is his Elder brother
  • 14. HONOURS
    • KNIGHTED IN 16 03
    • RECEIVED THE TITLE OF BARON VERULAM IN 1618
    • VISCOUNT OF St. ALBAN
  • 15. DISHONOUR CHARGES OF CORRUPTION PAID PENALTY LOST POSITIONS IN COURT IMPRISONED FOR FEW DAYS
  • 16. DEATH DATE CAUSE BURIAL PLACE 9 TH APRIL 1626 HIGHGATE,LONDON PNEUMONIA MICHAELS CHURCH St. ALBANS
  • 17. THE AGE OF ELIZABETH (1550-1620) 1
    • WORKS OF BACON CAN BE PLACED IN THE ELIZABETHAN AGE AND THE JACOBEAN AGE
    • MOST OF HIS WORKS PUBLISHED IN THE AGE OF ELIZABETH
    • THE AGE OF ELIZABETH WAS WIDELY PEACEFUL AND AN AGE OF PROSPERITY
  • 18. THE AGE OF ELIZABETH (1550-1620) 2
    • THE AGE SAW RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE
    • THE QUEEN WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR IT
    • RELEGIOUS FEAR VANISHED
    • A GREAT CREATIVE IMPULSE
    • FREEDOM OF THE MIND GAVE STIMULUS TO LITERATURE
  • 19. THE AGE OF ELIZABETH (1550-1620) 3
    • AN AGE OF SOCIAL CONTENMENT
    • PEOPLE ARE EMPLOYED
    • INCREASING TRADE BROUGHT ENORMOUS WEALTH TO ENGLAND
    • IMPROVEMENT IN LIVING
    • HAD ITS IMPACT ON LITERATURE
  • 20. THE AGE OF ELIZABETH (1550-1620) 4
    • EXPLORATION OF NEW LANDS
    • TIME OF INTELLECTUAL LIBERTY
    • COMFORT AMONG ALL CLASSES
    • AGE OF UNBOUNDED PATRIOTISM
    • PEACE AT HOME AND ABROAD
  • 21. WORKS OF BACON
    • The Advancement of Learning [1605]
    • Novum Organum [1620]
    • The Great Institution of True Philosophy or Instauratio Magna [1620]
    • Essays [1597, 1612, 1625]
    • The New Atlantis [1626]
    • De Sapientia Veterum [1609]
    • The History of Henry VII [1622]
  • 22. THE ADVANCEMENT OF LEARNING
    • PUBLISHED IN 1605
    • IT DEALT WITH NATURAL PHILOSOPHY
    • A PART OF THE INSTAURATIO MAGNA
  • 23. NOVUM ORGANUM
    • IT IS NEW INSTRUMENT
    • USE OF REASON AND EXPERIMENT
    • COLLECT FACTS BY MEANS OF NUMEROUS EXPERIMENTS AND DETERMINE THE LAW
    • INDUCTION METHOD
  • 24. The Great Institution of True Philosophy or Instauratio Magna
    • MOST AMBITIOUS OF BACON’S WORKS
    • CLASSIFICATION AND SUMMARY OF ALL HUMAN KNOWLEDGE
    • IT HAD 6 PARTS
  • 25. Essays
    • THE FIRST TEN ESSAYS WERE PUBLISHED IN 1597
    • IN 1612 SECOND EDITION WAS PUBLISHED WITH 38 ESSAYS
    • IN 1625 IT WAS ENLARGED INTO 58 ESSAYS
  • 26. The New Atlantis
    • A KIND OF SCIENTIFIC NOVEL
    • DESCRIBES ANOTHER UTOPIA AS SEEN BY BACON
    • THE INHABITANTS OF ATLANTIS HAVE BANISHED PHILOSOPHY AND APPLIED BACON’S METHOD
    • THEY HAVE A WONDERFUL CIVILIZATION
  • 27. De Sapientia Veterum
    • IT UNCOVERS DEEP MEANING UNDERLYING ANCIENT MYTHS
  • 28. The History of Henry VII
    • WORK OF HISTORY
    • KNOWN FOR ACCURACY
    • CALM AND DISPASSIONATE
  • 29. FEATURES OF BACON’S WRITINGS
    • SCIENTIFIC WITH AN IMPRESSIVE DEVOTION TO TRUTH
    • INDUCTIVE METHOD OF REASONING
    • VERIFICATION OF RESULTS BY EXPERIMENT
    • SYSTEMATIC ORGANISATION OF THOUGHTS
    • PERENNIAL FRESHNESS
    • INTELLECTUAL POWER
    • KEEN SENSE OF OBSERVATION
    • PRACTICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IN ROMANTIC AGE
  • 30. FEATURES OF BACON’S PROSE
    • Use of short and sharp statements
    • Use of logical sequence
    • Contraction and Expansion of Ideas
    • Images from day to day life
    • Use of Latin and Greek expressions
  • 31.