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English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
English Medieval Literature
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English Medieval Literature

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Made for ERHS English III. Copyright 2011.

Made for ERHS English III. Copyright 2011.

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  • 1. ENGLISH LITERATURE
    The Medieval Period
    Group 3
    Chateau de Chambord
  • 2. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Englandbefore the English
    Today, the Britons are known as the Celts
    - Stonehenge
    - no written language
    • When the Roman legions arrived, they found the land inhabited by “Britons.”
  • History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Englandbefore the English
    The Britons were absorbed into Roman society
    Latin is spoken
    Romans withdraw as the Empire crumbles, leaving the Britons behind.
  • 3. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Englandbefore the English
    Wednesday, day of Woden, father of the gods
    Thursday, day of Thor, god of war
    Group of pagan people from Northern Europe begin a series of invasions
  • 4. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Englandbefore the English
    Wednesday, day of Woden, father of the gods
    Thursday, day of Thor, god of war
    Anglo-Saxons (Angles, Saxons, Jutes)
    brought Germanic languages.
    But the Celtics managed to keep their language.
  • 5. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Englandbefore the English
    By 600, Anglo-Saxons conquer the Britons
    - language becomes more Germanic
    - (still retains some Latin)
    The Anglo-Saxons’ two urgings--war and wandering become part of the oral tradition
    - Beowulf is an example of an Anglo-Saxon hero tale.
  • 6. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    By 700, Christian missionaries arrive to convert the pagans
    - Latin (the language of the Church) returns
    “For God so loved the world, that He gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.” John 3:16
  • 7. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Englandbefore the English
    King Alfred
    the Britons become organized
    first true king of the Britons
    period of prosperity
  • 8. History| Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    In 1066, the Normans (French speaking people from Normandy), led byWilliam the Conqueror attack and defeat the Britains (a blend of the Britons and Anglo-Saxons) at the Battle of Hastings.
    Englandbefore the English
    The 3rd language is introduced--French
    - French culture and French literature arrives
  • 9. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    Welcome to England and the English,an island of people, languages, and divisions...
    during the Middle Ages
  • 10. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    Language
    used in Medieval Literature
    Latin was the language of the Roman Catholic Church, which dominated Europe.
    The Church was the only source of education.
    Thus, Latin was a common language for Medieval writings.
    .
  • 11. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    Writings
    During the Medieval Period
    Catholic clerics were the intellectual center of society in the Middle Ages, and it is their literature that was produced in the greatest quantity.
  • 12. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    CHARACTERISTICS
    of Medieval Literature
    Heroism
    - from both Germanic and Christian traditions, sometimes mingled
    • Beowulf
    • 13. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
    Presentations of idealized behavior
    - literature as moral lesson
    loyalty to king
    chivalry
    Use of Allegory
    An allegory is a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than the literal.
  • 14. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    CHARACTERISTICS
    of Medieval Literature
    Romance
    • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
    • 15. A narrative in prose or verse that tells of the adventures and heroic exploits of chivalric heroes
    exploits of knights
    often a supernatural element involved
    Christian Message
    • concern with salvation and the world to come
    no interest in social change
  • 16. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    THEMES
    of Medieval Literature
    The Ideal of Courtly Love
    This relationship was modeled on the feudal relationship between a knight and his liege lord.
    The knight serves his courtly lady with the same obedience and loyalty which he owes to his liege lord.
    Fact:
    In the middle ages, marriages amongst the nobility were typically based on practical and dynastic concerns rather than on love.
  • 17. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    CHARACTERISTICS
    of Medieval Literature
    The Ideal of Courtly Love
    The literary model of courtly love may have been invented to provide young men with a model for appropriate behavior.
    It taught them to sublimate their desires and to channel their energy into socially useful behavior (love service rather than wandering around the countryside, stealing or raping women.
  • 18. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works
    CHARACTERISTICS
    of Medieval Literature
    The Quest
    A quest is a hero’s journey towards a goal. The objects of quests require great exertion on the part of the hero, and the overcoming of many obstacles.
    The hero's must obtain something, or someone, by the quest and with this object return home.
  • 19. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 20. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Cædmon
    Earliest-Known English Poet
    Writer of the Cædmon’s Hymn in honour of God the Creator:
    Nu scylunherganhefaenricaesuard metudæsmaecti end his modgidanc uercuuldurfadur sue he uundragihuaes ecidryctin or astelidæ he aeristscopaeldabarnum hebentilhrofehalegscepen. thamiddungeardmoncynnæsuard ecidryctinæftertiadæ firumfoldufreaallmectigprimocantauitCædmonistudcarmen.
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 21. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Cædmon
    Earliest-Known English Poet
    Writer of the Cædmon’s Hymn in honour of God the Creator:
    Now let me praise the keeper of Heaven's kingdom, The might of the Creator, and his thought, The work of the Father of glory, how each of wonders The Eternal Lord established in the beginning. He first created for the sons of men Heaven as a roof, the holy Creator, Then Middle-earth the keeper of mankind, The Eternal Lord, afterwards made, The earth for men, the Almighty Lord.
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 22. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Geoffrey Chaucer
    The Father of English Literature
    The Canterbury Tales was the most famous work by Geoffrey Chaucer which places him in the front rank of the narrative poets of the world. The Canterbury Tales contains about 18,000 lines of verse, besides some passages in prose, and was left incomplete but began modern English literature.
    (1343 – October 25, 1400)
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 23. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    Geoffrey Chaucer
    The Father of English Literature
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
    Chaucer’s famous poems:
    Troilus and Criseyde & The Canterbury Tales
  • 24. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    St. Julian of Norwich
    The Father of English Literature
    Revelations of Divine Love
    It is believed to be the first published book in the English language to be written by a woman.
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 25. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    St. Julian of Norwich
    The Father of English Literature
    Revelations of Divine Love
    The first chapter begins with a single sentence introduction: This is a Revelation of Love that Jesus Christ, our endless bliss, made in Sixteen Shewings, or Revelations particular. This is followed by a sentence or two describing each of the sixteen visions in turn.
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 26. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    St. Julian of Norwich
    The Father of English Literature
    Revelations of Divine Love
    The second chapter is partly autobiographical. Julian mentions her illness, but in a spiritual manner. She reflects on three 'gifts' from God: meditation on the passion of Christ, meditation on her own suffering and the gift of greater piety.
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 27. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works
    St. Julian of Norwich
    The Father of English Literature
    Revelations of Divine Love
    In the third chapter, which concludes the introduction, Julian writes more concretely about the events of her illness and her preparation for death by receiving the last rites. The introduction ends with Julian's recounting of her sudden recovery as she lay on her deathbed gazing at a shining image of the cross.
    WRITERS & POETS
    during the Medieval Period
  • 28. “ Whoever is wise, let him heed these things and consider the great love of the LORD.”
    Psalm 107:43 (NIV)
    © Emmanuel Rivera, in behalf of Group 3 – English Class ERHS
    Pictures & contents are not owned by the Group 3 unless otherwise stated. Credits go to the owners.

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