ENGLISH LITERATURE <br />The Medieval Period<br />Group 3<br />Chateau de Chambord<br />
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />Today, the Brito...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />Wednesday, day o...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />Wednesday, day o...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />By 600, Anglo-Sa...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />By 700, Christian missionaries arrive to conver...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />King Alfred<br /...
History| Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />In 1066, the Normans (French speaking people fro...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />Welcome to England and the English,an island of ...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />Language<br />used in Medieval Literature<br />L...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />Writings<br />During the Medieval Period<br />Ca...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br /...
 Sir Gawain and the Green Knight</li></ul>Presentations of idealized behavior<br />- literature as moral lesson<br />loyal...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br /...
 A narrative in prose or verse that tells of the adventures and heroic exploits of chivalric heroes</li></ul>exploits of k...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />THEMES<br />of Medieval Literature<br />The Idea...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br /...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br /...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Perio...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Cædmon<br />Earliest-Known English Poet<br />Wr...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Cædmon<br />Earliest-Known English Poet<br />Wr...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Geoffrey Chaucer<br />The Father of English Lit...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Geoffrey Chaucer<br />The Father of English Lit...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of Englis...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of Englis...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of Englis...
History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of Englis...
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English Medieval Literature

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Transcript of "English Medieval Literature"

  1. 1. ENGLISH LITERATURE <br />The Medieval Period<br />Group 3<br />Chateau de Chambord<br />
  2. 2. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />Today, the Britons are known as the Celts<br />- Stonehenge<br />- no written language<br /><ul><li>When the Roman legions arrived, they found the land inhabited by “Britons.” </li></li></ul><li>History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />The Britons were absorbed into Roman society<br />Latin is spoken <br />Romans withdraw as the Empire crumbles, leaving the Britons behind.<br />
  3. 3. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />Wednesday, day of Woden, father of the gods<br />Thursday, day of Thor, god of war<br />Group of pagan people from Northern Europe begin a series of invasions<br />
  4. 4. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />Wednesday, day of Woden, father of the gods<br />Thursday, day of Thor, god of war<br />Anglo-Saxons (Angles, Saxons, Jutes)<br />brought Germanic languages.<br />But the Celtics managed to keep their language.<br />
  5. 5. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />By 600, Anglo-Saxons conquer the Britons<br />- language becomes more Germanic<br />- (still retains some Latin)<br />The Anglo-Saxons’ two urgings--war and wandering become part of the oral tradition<br />- Beowulf is an example of an Anglo-Saxon hero tale.<br />
  6. 6. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />By 700, Christian missionaries arrive to convert the pagans<br />- Latin (the language of the Church) returns<br />“For God so loved the world, that He gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.” John 3:16<br />
  7. 7. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Englandbefore the English<br />King Alfred<br />the Britons become organized<br />first true king of the Britons<br />period of prosperity<br />
  8. 8. History| Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />In 1066, the Normans (French speaking people from Normandy), led byWilliam the Conqueror attack and defeat the Britains (a blend of the Britons and Anglo-Saxons) at the Battle of Hastings.<br />Englandbefore the English<br />The 3rd language is introduced--French<br />- French culture and French literature arrives<br />
  9. 9. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />Welcome to England and the English,an island of people, languages, and divisions...<br />during the Middle Ages<br />
  10. 10. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />Language<br />used in Medieval Literature<br />Latin was the language of the Roman Catholic Church, which dominated Europe.<br />The Church was the only source of education.<br />Thus, Latin was a common language for Medieval writings.<br />.<br />
  11. 11. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />Writings<br />During the Medieval Period<br />Catholic clerics were the intellectual center of society in the Middle Ages, and it is their literature that was produced in the greatest quantity.<br />
  12. 12. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br />Heroism<br />- from both Germanic and Christian traditions, sometimes mingled<br /><ul><li> Beowulf
  13. 13. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight</li></ul>Presentations of idealized behavior<br />- literature as moral lesson<br />loyalty to king<br />chivalry<br />Use of Allegory<br />An allegory is a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than the literal.<br />
  14. 14. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br />Romance<br /><ul><li>Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  15. 15. A narrative in prose or verse that tells of the adventures and heroic exploits of chivalric heroes</li></ul>exploits of knights<br />often a supernatural element involved<br />Christian Message<br /><ul><li>concern with salvation and the world to come</li></ul>no interest in social change<br />
  16. 16. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />THEMES<br />of Medieval Literature<br />The Ideal of Courtly Love<br /> This relationship was modeled on the feudal relationship between a knight and his liege lord.<br /> The knight serves his courtly lady with the same obedience and loyalty which he owes to his liege lord. <br />Fact:<br />In the middle ages, marriages amongst the nobility were typically based on practical and dynastic concerns rather than on love.<br />
  17. 17. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br />The Ideal of Courtly Love<br /> The literary model of courtly love may have been invented to provide young men with a model for appropriate behavior.<br /> It taught them to sublimate their desires and to channel their energy into socially useful behavior (love service rather than wandering around the countryside, stealing or raping women.<br />
  18. 18. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature| Authors & Their Works<br />CHARACTERISTICS<br />of Medieval Literature<br />The Quest<br /> A quest is a hero’s journey towards a goal. The objects of quests require great exertion on the part of the hero, and the overcoming of many obstacles.<br />The hero's must obtain something, or someone, by the quest and with this object return home.<br />
  19. 19. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  20. 20. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Cædmon<br />Earliest-Known English Poet<br />Writer of the Cædmon’s Hymn in honour of God the Creator:<br />Nu scylunherganhefaenricaesuard metudæsmaecti end his modgidanc uercuuldurfadur sue he uundragihuaes ecidryctin or astelidæ he aeristscopaeldabarnum hebentilhrofehalegscepen. thamiddungeardmoncynnæsuard ecidryctinæftertiadæ firumfoldufreaallmectigprimocantauitCædmonistudcarmen.<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  21. 21. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Cædmon<br />Earliest-Known English Poet<br />Writer of the Cædmon’s Hymn in honour of God the Creator:<br />Now let me praise the keeper of Heaven's kingdom, The might of the Creator, and his thought, The work of the Father of glory, how each of wonders The Eternal Lord established in the beginning. He first created for the sons of men Heaven as a roof, the holy Creator, Then Middle-earth the keeper of mankind, The Eternal Lord, afterwards made, The earth for men, the Almighty Lord.<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  22. 22. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Geoffrey Chaucer<br />The Father of English Literature<br />The Canterbury Tales was the most famous work by Geoffrey Chaucer which places him in the front rank of the narrative poets of the world. The Canterbury Tales contains about 18,000 lines of verse, besides some passages in prose, and was left incomplete but began modern English literature.<br />(1343 – October 25, 1400)<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  23. 23. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />Geoffrey Chaucer<br />The Father of English Literature<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />Chaucer’s famous poems:<br />Troilus and Criseyde & The Canterbury Tales<br />
  24. 24. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of English Literature<br />Revelations of Divine Love<br />It is believed to be the first published book in the English language to be written by a woman.<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  25. 25. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of English Literature<br />Revelations of Divine Love<br /> The first chapter begins with a single sentence introduction: This is a Revelation of Love that Jesus Christ, our endless bliss, made in Sixteen Shewings, or Revelations particular. This is followed by a sentence or two describing each of the sixteen visions in turn. <br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  26. 26. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of English Literature<br />Revelations of Divine Love<br />The second chapter is partly autobiographical. Julian mentions her illness, but in a spiritual manner. She reflects on three 'gifts' from God: meditation on the passion of Christ, meditation on her own suffering and the gift of greater piety.<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  27. 27. History | Introduction to Medieval Literature | Authors & Their Works<br />St. Julian of Norwich<br />The Father of English Literature<br />Revelations of Divine Love<br />In the third chapter, which concludes the introduction, Julian writes more concretely about the events of her illness and her preparation for death by receiving the last rites. The introduction ends with Julian's recounting of her sudden recovery as she lay on her deathbed gazing at a shining image of the cross.<br />WRITERS & POETS <br />during the Medieval Period<br />
  28. 28. “ Whoever is wise, let him heed these things and consider the great love of the LORD.”<br />Psalm 107:43 (NIV)<br />© Emmanuel Rivera, in behalf of Group 3 – English Class ERHS<br />Pictures & contents are not owned by the Group 3 unless otherwise stated. Credits go to the owners.<br />
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