Dabrowka power point edu 135 for slideshare

2,151 views
1,843 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,151
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
269
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Dabrowka power point edu 135 for slideshare

  1. 1. Health Problems Relating to Eating Habits By Vicki Dabrowka for EDU 135 June 2014
  2. 2. 5 Main Eating-Related Health Problems  Dental Caries (= Tooth Decay)  Hypertension (= High Blood Pressure)  Obesity (= Highly Overweight)  Cardiovascular Disease (= Heart Disease)  Diabetes (= High Blood Sugar)
  3. 3. Dental Caries Image from: www.tagxedo.com using the text from http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/FindDataByTopic/DentalCaries/DentalCariesChildren2to11
  4. 4. Dental Caries: A Video Introduction Video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_oIlv59bTL4
  5. 5. Dental Caries: Description  Sugars in your diet can increase tooth decay (destroying the enamel & dentin layers of the tooth) if the teeth are not properly & regularly cleaned. Image from http://www.dentalcosmeticscr.com/wp-content/uploads/ToothDecay_1.jpg
  6. 6. Dental Caries: Who’s Affected?  Anyone at any age who does not properly take care of their teeth.  This starts with infants: Do not leave them to fall asleep with their milk bottles. The sugars can lead to tooth decay later on! Image from http://dentalcaretips.roxaa.com/files/2013/08/baby-bottle-tooth-decay.jpg
  7. 7. Dental Caries: Signs & Symptoms  A dentist will determine if a patient has tooth decay.  Other signs you might have dental caries & need to see the dentist:  Toothaches  Swollen gums  Bad breath  Bad taste in mouth  Discolored spots on teeth Image from http://occupations.phillipmartin.info/occupations_dentist.gif
  8. 8. Dental Caries: Prevention  Don’t let babies fall asleep with their bottle.  Use toothpaste with fluoride.  Brush teeth at least twice a day--after meals (especially high in sugar) & before bed.  Use proper tooth brushing techniques.  Floss & Eat nutritiously.  Visit the dentist every 6 months. Image from http://boyetthealth.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/toothbrush.jpg
  9. 9. Dental Caries: Additional Resources  CDC Dental Caries Page http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/hy giene/disease/dental_caries.html  American Dental Association’s MouthHealthy Website http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/
  10. 10. aka: High Blood Pressure Hypertension Image from: http://profitnessconsulting.com/what-is-hypertension-high-blood-pressure/
  11. 11. Hypertension: A Video Introduction (Part 1) Video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjTMZ_sm0LQ
  12. 12. Hypertension: A Video Introduction (Part 2) Video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OoHLbNw8opU
  13. 13. Hypertension: Description  Hypertension is the pressure of blood through vessels.  Normal blood pressure is below 120/80.  Blood pressure is considered high if it is 140/90 or higher. Systolic pressure: # of heartbeats Diastolic pressure: Measure of rest between heartbeats
  14. 14. Hypertension: Who’s Affected? Image from http://www.bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Thebasics/Bloodpressurechart/main_content/wFvl/large  Approximately 1 in 3 adults in the USA have hypertension.  These factors can contribute to high blood pressure:  Hereditary  Smoking &/or Drinking  Being overweight  Stress/poor coping skills  Salt & poor food choices
  15. 15. Hypertension: Signs & Symptoms  Additionally, a blood pressure reading at a doctor’s office of over 140/90 will indicate a diagnosis of hypertension. Image from https://www.remodulin.com/images/patient/pat_causessympt_symptoms_popup.png
  16. 16. Hypertension: Prevention  Treatment can come with medication &/or lifestyle changes (listed below):  A diet high in fruits & vegetables with limited intake of fats and sodium (salt).  Reduce stress.  Lose weight.  Exercise regularly.  Quit smoking and drinking to excess. Image from http://www.my-medical-id.com/hypertension-today
  17. 17. Hypertension: Additional Resources  Kids Health Hypertension Page http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/hea rt/hypertension.html  Million Hearts http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/index.html  National Kidney Foundation’s Pediatric Hypertension http://www.kidney.org/site/107/pdf/pedi atrichypertension.pdf
  18. 18. Obesity Image from: http://findingyourwayps.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Weight-Loss-Word-Cloud-Image-For-Site-Fourth.png
  19. 19. Obesity: A Video Introduction Video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfaDfBOQ6xA
  20. 20. Obesity: Description  When a person is more than 20% of their recommended body weight, they are obese.  25--33% of kids in the USA are considered over- weight or obese.  This chart shows global obesity. Image from http://www.healthworks.my/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/world-obesity-visualization.jpg
  21. 21. Obesity: Who’s Affected?  Anyone at any age can be at risk for obesity.  It can be hereditary or due to long-term poor food choices & sedentary lifestyle. Image from http://images.smh.com.au/2013/07/30/4615820/3107obesity_729px-620x349.jpg
  22. 22. Obesity: Signs & Symptoms  Carrying too much weight  Tire Easily  May have sleeping or breathing problems  Obese Children & Teens are at risk for:  Heart Disease  Type 2 Diabetes  Stroke  Osteoarthritis  Cancers  Becoming obese adults  Depression  Bone & joint problems  Sleep Apnea  Low self-esteem
  23. 23. Obesity: Prevention  Eat consciously and in a healthy way.  Become more active on a daily basis.  Maintain healthy habits over time.  Help children and teens by providing healthy snack choices, limiting screen time, & being a role model.
  24. 24. Obesity: Prevention Imagefrom http://www.cooldailyinfographics.com/images/infographics/ 2013/06/childhood-obesity.jpg
  25. 25. Obesity: Additional Resources  CDC’s Obesity Page http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/  Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move” Program http://www.letsmove.gov/  Kids Health Obesity & Overweight Page http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/bo dy/overweight_obesity.html
  26. 26. Cardiovascular Disease Image from: http://raefchiropractic.com/article- images/heart-disease-big-killer-b.jpg aka: Heart Disease
  27. 27. Cardiovascular Disease: A Video Introduction Video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI0nrP4aSco
  28. 28. Cardiovascular Disease: Description  Heart Disease conditions usually involve atherosclerosis (when plaque build up in the walls of arteries, making it more difficult for blood to flow freely through blood vessels).  These are the types of heart disease:  Blood Clots  Heart Attacks Stroke  Arrhythmia (abnormal heart rate)  Heart Valve problems
  29. 29. Cardiovascular Disease: Who’s Affected?  Heredity: Your genes decide!  Age: Risk increases with age (over 55).  Other high risk individuals: People of African or Asian decent; also people in poverty or high stress situations.  Other major factors that you CAN change are:  Exposure to Smoking  Diabetes Hypertension  High Cholesterol  Obesity  Abusing Alcohol  Unhealthy Diet (high in saturated fat)  Level of Physical Activity
  30. 30. Cardiovascular Disease: Signs & Symptoms Image from http://whatcardiologyis.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Symptoms-of-Cardiovascular-Condition.jpg
  31. 31. Cardiovascular Disease: Prevention  Make healthy food choices (whole grains; fish & lean meat versus red meat; fruits & vegetables; & foods low in fat/sodium/sugar).  Be physically active!  Get routine wellness exams.  Avoid smoking/2nd hand smoke.  Drink responsibly.  Learn stress management techniques. Image fromImage from http://whatcardiologyis.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Symptoms-of-Cardiovascular-Condition.jpg
  32. 32. Cardiovascular Disease: Additional Resources  Million Hearts http://millionhearts.hhs.gov/index.html  American Heart Association http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/  CDC’s Heart Disease Page http://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/about.htm
  33. 33. Diabetes Image from: http://www.ahealthiermichigan.org/2013/11/15/raising-diabetes-awareness-by-defining-key-terms/
  34. 34. Diabetes: A Video Introduction Video from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4EEtubB74lM
  35. 35. Diabetes: Description  Diabetes = 7th Leading Cause of Death in the US  You have diabetes when your blood glucose (or sugar) levels are above normal.  If you are diabetic, your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin (or use it well) so you have extra sugar in your blood.  Diabetes can lead to:  Heart disease  Blindness  Kidney failure  Amputations to lower extremities (ex: toes)
  36. 36. Diabetes: Who’s Affected  There are 2 main types of diabetes:  Type 1: Insulin-dependent = Juvenile-onset  Approx. 5% of all cases are Type 1  Brought about by genetics & environmental factors (such as poor lifestyle choices with food/exercise).  Type 2: Non-insulin dependent = Adult-onset  Approx. 90-95% of all cases are Type 2  African American, Latino American, Native Americans & Asian Americans are at higher risk.  This usually comes on with age, obesity, genetics, & lack of physical activity.
  37. 37. Diabetes: Signs & Symptoms Image from http://chughtailab.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Type-1-Diabetes-Symptoms.png
  38. 38. Diabetes: Prevention  Weight loss & nutritious eating = Eat Right!  Less fatty & fried foods  Less empty-calorie, sugar-filled foods  Less sodas & sugary drinks  Less salt & pre-packaged foods  More whole grains  More fruits & vegetables (esp. dark green & orange)  Daily exercise = Be Active!! (30 min x 5 days a week) Image from http://www.chsamerica.com/userfiles/images/diabetes_superfood.jpg
  39. 39. Diabetes: Additional Resources  American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org/  CDC’s Diabetes Page http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/  Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation http://jdrf.org/
  40. 40. The End or… Is it merely a new beginning: eating in a healthier way?
  41. 41. Informational Resources: Marotz Lynn R. (2010). Health, Safety, & Nutrition for the Young Child (8th ed). Belmont, CA. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org/English/Pages/default.aspx Center for Disease Control (CDC), Adolescent & School Health http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/ Nemours Foundation http://classroom.kidshealth.org

×