BASIC SEARCH Type in a word or relevant phrase Most relevant page appears first. Automatic "and" queries
Exclusion of common words
Choosing search terms General information on India Search word : India Tourism If we want to search safari in Bangalore ? Search word :Safari Bangalore
Search word :South Indian Safari
Search is not case sensitive
Automatic “and ” Queries By default Google returns search pages including all your search terms . There is no need of “and” in between Order of search term is vital
E.g :- Tourism in India .
Automatic exclusion of common words To include them add + sign in front of it. By putting quotation mark around 2 or more words E.g.:- Where is Stanford university . +Where is Stanford university .
“ Where is Stanford university”.
Word Variation- Stemming Google searches words which are similar to some or all of those terms . Search result would include words like eating also being displayed
Variation will be highlighted in the text accompanying each result .
Phrase Search Simply put quotation mark around the search term .
Useful for searching :- Proper names .
If your search term has more than one meaning then use minus sign (“-”) to avoid that word search
“I’m feeling lucky”
Instead of clicking google search, click I’m feeling lucky and it will direct you to the most relevant website .
What can be done with it ? Contain ALL the search terms you type in Contain the exact phrase you type in Contain at least one of the words you type in Do NOT contain any of the words you type in Is written in a certain language Is created in a certain file format Was updated within a certain period of time Contain numbers within a certain range Within a certain domain, or website
Don't contain "adult" material
Advanced Search Operators
Other advanced search features
Include and Synonym search Plus sign is used for include (“+”) . E.g: Star Wars Episode +1 If search is not only for that term but also its synonyms then use tilde sign (~) in front of search term
Like here's how to search for food facts and nutrition and cooking information in google
“OR” search To find pages that include either of the two search terms add an uppercase OR between the terms
Like Vacation in India Or USA can be searched as :- vacation India OR USA
Domain search If we want to search a key word only in a specific web page first enter the key word followed by the word “site” and a colon followed by domain name.
Eg: multivariate site:www.camo.com
Numrange search Searches for results containing numbers in a given range Just add two numbers, separated by two periods, with no spaces in the search box along with the search term .
NOTE : Do not forget to specify unit of measurement or other indicators what the number range represents.
Alternate Query types To find out all links to a site, type “[link: followed by the web site address]”. Like to find all the web page linked to google, type [ link:www.google.com] Google highlights those words within cached document, it is written as “[cache:website word]”
Like [cache:www.google.com web] will show the cached content with the word web highlighted
Query contd.. By typing the query info:website address, it will give show us information about that page. Like typing [info:www.google.com] will show information about google home page.
This function can also be accessed by typing the web page url directly in the search box
Other Information needed The query [define:] will provide a definition of the words you enter after it , gathered from various online sources . A query with [stock:] operator, google will treat the rest of the query as stock ticker symbols and will link to pages showing information for those symbols
Like [stocks: intc yahoo] will show information about intel and yahoo .
Other Information needed cont…
“ filetype:doc site:gov confidential” - will look for files with “.doc” extension in all government domains with “.gov” extension and containing the word “confidential” either in the pages or in the “.doc” file. i.e. the result will contain the links to all confidential word document files on the government sites.
Query modifiers [allintitle: google search] – Returns documents with “google” and “search” in title [intitle:google search] - Returns documents with “google” in title and “search” anywhere in the document (title or no)
[intitle:google intitle:search] = [allintitle: google search]
Query modifiers contd… [allinurl: google search] – Returns documents that have “google” and “search” in the url . [inurl:google search] – Returns documents that have “google” in the url and mention the word “search” any where in the document (url or no)
[inurl:google inurl:search] = [allinurl: google search].
Safe search filtering Moderate Filtering – Default Excludes explicit images from google image search but does not effect ordinary web search results Strict filtering –Filtering includes all images and web search results
No filtering – turns off filtering completely
Translation software also exists
Number of results and new result window By default results displayed in a page is 10 but we can make it 20,30,50 or 100
New result window can be open as a new window while keeping the existing search page as it is.
Search features For weather, type weather Bangalore . For time, type time india . For calculation, type 5*8+(sqrt 81) . For book search, type author name . For conversion from one unit to another, type 10.5 cm to inch.
To see dictionary definition of word type define and then search word i.e. define history
Search features Spelling software checks whether the query uses the most common spelling and asks us “Did you mean ……..”. To search for web pages that have similar content to a given site, type “related:” followed by the website address like related:www.bbc.com
To ask a question add Asterisk (*) like Edison discovered *
Contd.. Other uses include :Track packages Restaurants in a locality
Scores and schedule for sports
Conclusion Google search is a very powerful searching tool .
The desired result can be achieved only if the key words are put in the correct order along with the right operators .