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Storytelling basics

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    Storytelling basics Storytelling basics Presentation Transcript

    • Storytelling foundations By Brett Oppegaard Washington State University – Vancouver Creative Media and Digital Culture 354.02 Digital Storytelling (Fall 2010)
    • What are the 6 elements of drama? As defined by Aristotle in “Poetics”
      • Plot – What happens in the play, “arrangement of the incidents,” with beginning, middle and end
      • Characters – Who carries out those actions, also symbolic, and interwoven with the plot
      • Thought – What those actions mean symbolically, the theme(s)
      • Diction – How those characters express themselves, from language to dialogue to delivery
      • Song – More than just music, the rhythm and melody of speech as well
      • Spectacle – Visual support ... scenery, costumes, special effects
    • What are the 7 plots? As defined by British literary critic Christopher Booker
      • Tragedy – Flawed hero meets tragic end, MacBeth
      • Comedy – Happy ending, romanticism, A Midsummer Night's Dream
      • “ Overcoming a monster” – Toppling all-powerful evil, Frankenstein
      • “ Voyage and return” – Leaving home, returning changed. Alice in Wonderland
      • “ The Quest” – Mission/mission accomplished, or not, Lord of the Rings
      • “ Rags to Riches” – The Horatio Alger myth
      • “ Rebirth” – Central character is transformed, A Christmas Carol
    • Hemingway's 6-word story
      • “ For sale: baby shoes, never worn.”
      • Complication. Resolution.
      • All people have basic needs, such as food, water, shelter, love, companionship, etc., which leads to complications and endlessly interesting resolutions
    • What are the 45 master characters? As defined by American screenwriter Victoria Lynn Schmidt
      • Female heroes / villains
      • Aphrodite – Seductive muse / Femme fatale
      • Artemis – Amazon / Gorgon
      • Athena – Father's daughter / Backstabber
      • Demeter – Nurturer / Overcontrolling mother
      • Hera – Matriarch / Scorned woman
      • Hestia – Mystic / Betrayer
      • Isis – Messiah / Destroyer
      • Persephone – Maiden / Troubled teen
    • What are the 45 master characters? As defined by American screenwriter Victoria Lynn Schmidt
      • Male heroes / villains
      • Apollo – Businessman / Traitor
      • Ares – Protector / Gladiator
      • Hades – Recluse / Warlock
      • Hermes – Fool / Derelict
      • Dionysus – Woman's man / Seducer
      • Osiris – Messiah / Punisher
      • Poseidon – Artist / Abuser
      • Zeus – King / Dictator
    • What are the 45 master characters? As defined by American screenwriter Victoria Lynn Schmidt
      • Supporting cast
      • Friends – Magi, mentor, best friend, lover
      • Rivals – Joker, jester, nemesis, investigator, pessimist, psychic
      • Symbols – Shadow, lost soul, double
    • Foundations
      • Protagonist
      • Antagonist
      • Setting
      • Complication
      • Passage of time / chronology
      • Denouement
      • Wolfe's four devices:
      • Point of view / scene by scene construction / dialogue / status life