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WH Roman Empire

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WH Roman Empire WH Roman Empire Presentation Transcript

  • Rome
  • The founding of Rome
    Legend
    In 753 bc twin brothers founded the city
    Romulus and Remus
    Sons of Mars (G-d of War)
    Raised by she-wolf
    Romulus destroys Remus and the city of Rome is born
    Far more likely……
    Settled between 1000 -500 bc
    Settled by 3 groups
    Etruscans
    Natives of Northern Italy
    Metal workers
    Latins:
    Farmers and nomadic herders
    Became first Romans
    Greeks
    Established 50 colonies along southern coast of Italy
  • Religion of Rome
  • Early Government
    509 BC
    The Republic
    Consuls
    Administrators or commanders
    2 serving 1 year term
    Patricians
    Land holding/upper class
    Only people that could serve
    Plebeians
    Farmers, traders, merchants
    No real voice in government
  • Growth of the Roman Empire
  • The Punic Wars
    First Punic War
    264-241 BC
    Rome takes Sicily
    Second
    218-201 BC
    Hannibal crosses Alps with elephants
    Hannibal wins throughout Italy but never captures Rome
    Scipio invades Carthage forcing Hannibal back
    Third
    149-146 BC
    Carthage starts to recovery
    Rome views as threat
  • Unrest in Rome
    Constant warfare
    Patricians vsPlebians
    Tiberius Gaius Graccus and Marius
    130-100 BC
    Establish reforms
    Marius creates paid army
    Sulla
    88 BC
    Eliminates plebeians from power/brings back aristocracy
    First Triumvirate
    70 BC
    Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
  • First Triumvirate
    Crassus
    53 BC killed in Persia
    Caesar
    Defeated Gauls (Gallic Wars)
    Pompey
    49 BC with the Senate order Caesar to leave his army and return to Rome
    Feared he had become too powerful
    Caesar crosses the Rubicon
    Pursues Pompey throughout the empire; catches up to him in Spain and defeats his army
    Caesar is Dictator for Life
  • Death of Caesar
    Accomplishments
    Change tax structure
    Redistribution of land
    Changed the calendar
    Assassination
    44 BC
    Brutus Cassius and Senate kill Caesar
  • The Next Triumvirat
    Lepidus, Marc Anthony, Octavian
    Lepidus removed from power
    Anthony & Octavian battle for power
    31 BC defeated in final naval battle
    Anthony and Cleopatra gone
    Octavian declares himself Imperator Caesar Augustus
    Continues Caesar’s reforms
    Establishes period of PaxRomana
    Christianity comes into being
    27 BC- 14 AD
  • Line of Augustus
    Tiberius
    Galigula
    Claudius
    Nero
    Vespasian *
  • The Fall of Rome
  • Fall of Rome (Date Given)
    476 AD