Wh2011 greece

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Wh2011 greece

  1. 1. Greece
  2. 2. Geography Aegea n Sea Ionian Sea Mediterranean Sea Crete Athens Sparta Troy
  3. 3. Geography Greece is very mountainous • 75% of Greece is covered by mountains • Difficult to farm Surrounded by seas • Greece is located on the Balkan Peninsula • Made trade easier • Could get what they could not grow
  4. 4. Geography Cut off by mountains and the seas • Isolated • Led to the formation of city-states • Limited interaction and unity of Ancient Greece • Created fierce rivalries • Sea became a vital link • Hundreds of bays to provide safe harbor for ships • Skilled sailors • Traded olive oil, wine, and marble • Returned with grains, metals, and ideas
  5. 5. Geography/Climate • Greece has a Mediterranean climate • Winters are mild and wet – allows for limited farming – grapes and olives • Summers are warm and dry – leads to drought – grapes and olives are one of the few plants that can survive the summer droughts
  6. 6. Timeline of Civilizations so far.. • 3500 – 1500 BC: Sumer, Babylonia – 1st Known Civilization • 2700 – 2100 BC: Egypt – Old Kingdom pyramid builders • 2600 – 1900 BC: Indus – Classic Urban Harappan phase • 1500 – 1000 BC: Egypt – New Kingdom monument builders • 1500 – 200 BC: China – Shang, Zhou and Qin dynasties • 551BC: Confucius born • 1300 – 400 BC: Assyrian Empire – Nineveh, Nimrud • 1000 – 30 BC: Egypt – Late period: conquest and foreign rule, Cleopatra • 200 BC – present: China – Han dynasty through communist rule
  7. 7. Where does Greece fit in timeline? • 3500 – 1500 BC: Sumer, Babylonia – 1st Known Civilization • 2800 BC: Minoan civilization established • 2700 – 2100 BC: Egypt – Old Kingdom pyramid builders • 2600 – 1900 BC: Indus – Classic Urban Harappan phase • 1500 – 1000 BC: Egypt – New Kingdom monument builders • 1450BC: Minoan civilization collapses • 1500 – 200 BC: China – Shang, Zhou and Qin dynasties • 1300 – 400 BC: Assyrian Empire – Nineveh, Nimrud • 1100-750 BC: Dark Age of Greece • 1000 – 30 BC: Egypt – Late period: conquest and foreign rule, Cleopatra • 551BC: Confucius born • 480 BC: Persia burns Athens • 200 BC – present: China – Han dynasty through communist rule
  8. 8. Minoans • 2800-1450 BC • Best known from island of Crete • As population on Crete increased, Minoans migrated to other islands and civilizations of the Mediterranean…some even may have lived in Egypt. • Named by Sir Arthur Evans for Greek Myth of King Minos
  9. 9. Minoan Culture • Knossos-Crete • – Crete settled by 2800 BC • – Cretans living in cities, trading and writing by 2000 • BC • 1930 B.C.-First palace built • A “bureaucratic monarchy” • Agriculture-olive and wine • Long distance trade, ships; copper, ivory, gold,amber • – Throughout Asia Minor, Egypt and Mediterranean
  10. 10. The Palace at Knossos
  11. 11. Collapse of the Minoans • Theories of downfall: • – Natural Disaster • • Volcanic Eruption • 1500/1450 BC (est.) • – Decimated Minoan trade city of Akrotiri (which was one of 1st planned cities in Europe with fresh running water and sewage system for ALL Minoans) • – Severe earthquake activity preceded eruption, leveling Knossos and other Minoan cities • – Resulting tidal waves from eruption devastated Minoan cities further • – Conquered by Mycenaeans after weakened by natural disaster

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