Unitary Federal Confederal
Central
Government
Citizens
State or Local
Government
State or Local
Government
Citizens
Central
Government
Sovereignty is
shared, so that in
some matters the
national governme...
State or Local
Government
CitizensCentral
Government
States are sovereign and
the national government
is allowed to do onl...
History
• Goal of founders:
federalism one device
whereby personal liberty
was to be protected.
• A process of elimanation...
• Necessary & Proper Clause
– Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass
all laws “necessary and proper” to its...
Government2009 federalism
Government2009 federalism
Government2009 federalism
Government2009 federalism
Government2009 federalism
Government2009 federalism
Government2009 federalism
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Government2009 federalism

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Government2009 federalism

  1. 1. Unitary Federal Confederal
  2. 2. Central Government Citizens State or Local Government
  3. 3. State or Local Government Citizens Central Government Sovereignty is shared, so that in some matters the national government is supreme and in other matters the states are supreme. Examples include Canada, Australia, India, Germany and……
  4. 4. State or Local Government CitizensCentral Government States are sovereign and the national government is allowed to do only that which the states permit. Consider two historical examples: Ancient Greece Articles of Confederation
  5. 5. History • Goal of founders: federalism one device whereby personal liberty was to be protected. • A process of elimanation? • Tyranny of King; dependence upon the states The Constitution & Court • What does the document say? • Federalism through precedent & interpretation.
  6. 6. • Necessary & Proper Clause – Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all laws “necessary and proper” to its duties, and which has permitted Congress to exercise powers not specifically given to it by constitution • Nullification – Doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state’s opinion, violates the Constitution • Dual Federalism – Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in its sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two should be kept separate

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