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Ancient greece citystates

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    Ancient greece citystates Ancient greece citystates Presentation Transcript

    • Ancient Greece
      World History
    • By 750 BC
      City-State becomes center of Greek politics
      Polis: town, city or village and surrounding area
      Acropolis: fortified place of refuge; elevated
      Citizens
      Adult males: citizens with political rights
      Women & children: citizens without political rights
      Noncitizens: slaves
      Ancient Greece
      Rise of City-States
    • From 750-550 BC Greeks establish colonies throughout the region; although new colony usually independent from the founding polis
      Factors for colonization
      Good farmland
      Trade
      Ancient Greece
      Colonization
    • Spread of Greek culture & ideas (political)
      Increased trade and industry
      Export pottery, wine, olive oil
      Import timber, wheat, metals, slaves
      New “wealthy” class
      Growth of economy; rise of wealth from trade
      Not the landed aristocracy
      Rise of political competition
      Impact of Colonies
      Ancient Greece
    • The “new” wealthy class brought change to political system
      Aristocracy vs. “new” wealthy class of traders
      Greek Tyrants
      Not tyrant as “our” meaning (oppressive)
      Were rulers that seized power by force from the aristocracy
      Supported by the “new” rich and peasant classes
      Gained and kept power by force (hired soldiers)
      End of Greek Tyranny
      Ended rule of aristocrats but also violated Greek belief in rule of law
      Allowed for development of government
      Democracy and oligarchy
      Rise of Tyrants
      Ancient Greece
    • Sparta and Athens
      Comparison
      Ancient Greece
      Sparta and Athens
    • Comparison
      Ancient Greece
      Democracy
      Militaristic
      Colonization
      State Control
      Personal Liberty
      City-States
      Enemy of Persia
      Oligarchy
      conquered
      Gender roles
    • Greece vs. Persia
      Athens
      Sparta
      Darius (and then Xerxes)
      Immediate Causes
      Persia conquered Ionia (settled by Greeks)
      Ionia revolts– Athens supports/aids the revolt
      Persia defeats the revolt but holds Athens accountable
      The Persian Wars
      Ancient Greece
    • 490 BC
      10,000 Athenians
      25,000 Persians
      Darius (Persia)
      Pheidippides
      480 BC
      300 Spartans hold the pass for 3 days
      Xerxes (Persia)
      Salamis & Plataea
      Persian Ships defeated in small channel
      Plataea 479 BC
      Ancient Greece
      Persia Wars
    • Nationalism
      Rise in Greek Pride--- they defeated Persia!
      Only brief
      United Greek
      Sense of unity from Persian Wars
      478 BC Establishment of Delian League
      Athenian Golden Age
      Rise of Athens as the #1 City-State
      Age of Pericles 461-429 BC
      Consequences/ Results of Persian Wars
      Ancient Greece