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Ancient greece citystates
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Ancient greece citystates


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  • 1. Ancient Greece World History
  • 2. BY 750 BC • City-State becomes center of Greek politics • Polis: town, city or village and surrounding area • Acropolis: fortified place of refuge; elevated • Citizens • Adult males: citizens with political rights • Women & children: citizens without political rights • Noncitizens: slaves •Ancient Greece Rise of City-States
  • 3. • From 750-550 BC Greeks establish colonies throughout the region; although new colony usually independent from the founding polis • Factors for colonization • Good farmland • Trade •Ancient Greece Colonization
  • 4. • Spread of Greek culture & ideas (political) • Increased trade and industry • Export pottery, wine, olive oil • Import timber, wheat, metals, slaves • New “wealthy” class • Growth of economy; rise of wealth from trade • Not the landed aristocracy • Rise of political competition Impact of Colonies •Ancient Greece
  • 5. • The “new” wealthy class brought change to political system • Aristocracy vs. “new” wealthy class of traders • Greek Tyrants • Not tyrant as “our” meaning (oppressive) • Were rulers that seized power by force from the aristocracy • Supported by the “new” rich and peasant classes • Gained and kept power by force (hired soldiers) • End of Greek Tyranny • Ended rule of aristocrats but also violated Greek belief in rule of law • Allowed for development of government • Democracy and oligarchy Rise of Tyrants •Ancient Greece
  • 6. SPARTA AND ATHENS Sparta Athens COMPARISON •Ancient Greece Sparta and Athens
  • 7. Sparta Athens Comparison •Ancient Greece City- States Militaristic State Control Oligarch y Democracy Colonization conquered Personal Liberty Gender roles Enemy of Persia
  • 8. • Greece vs. Persia • Athens • Sparta • Darius (and then Xerxes) • Immediate Causes • Persia conquered Ionia (settled by Greeks) • Ionia revolts– Athens supports/aids the revolt • Persia defeats the revolt but holds Athens accountable The Persian Wars •Ancient Greece
  • 9. • 490 BC • 10,000 Athenians • 25,000 Persians • Darius (Persia) • Pheidippides • 480 BC • 300 Spartans hold the pass for 3 days • Xerxes (Persia) • Salamis & Plataea • Persian Ships defeated in small channel • Plataea 479 BC •Ancient Greece Persia Wars
  • 10. • Nationalism • Rise in Greek Pride--- they defeated Persia! • Only brief • United Greek • Sense of unity from Persian Wars • 478 BC Establishment of Delian League • Athenian Golden Age • Rise of Athens as the #1 City-State • Age of Pericles 461-429 BC Consequences/ Results of Persian Wars •Ancient Greece