An overview of natural disasters…<br />A natural disaster is the effect of a natural hazard that leads to financial, environmental and human losses.<br />Types of natural disasters occurring worldwide:<br />Earthquakes, tornadoes, volcanoes, droughts, floods, hurricanes, tsunamis, etc. <br />The resulting losses depend on the vulnerability of the population, so “disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability.”<br />
Facts about disasters in developing countries…<br />The poor are the most vulnerable to environmental disasters because:<br />Live in areas with high risk to natural disasters and extreme weather<br />Live in poorly built shelter which is easily damaged<br />Live in areas with few or no early warning programs for disasters<br />Have few assets and a weak social safety net to help them battle with disasters and variable weather<br />
Facts about disasters in developing countries…<br />Over 90% of deaths caused by natural disasters are occurring in poor countries.<br />More susceptible to diseases<br />There are fewer doctors and health care programs near these areas<br />Access to clean water and toilet facilities is limited.<br />The poor have more difficulty recovering<br />Become vulnerable to diseases<br />Can’t afford to buy food<br />Have less money saved up if agriculture is destroyed<br />
Facts about disasters in developing countries…<br />From 1990 to 1998, 97 percent of deaths related to natural disasters were in developing countries.<br />Millions have suffered from undernourishment or died of hunger during droughts and flooding<br />An average cost of natural disasters as a percentage of GDP is 20 percent higher in low-income countries than in rich industrialized countries.<br />
Ethical Argument…<br />Rights Theory:<br />Protected privileges people deserve<br />Every person that has an opportunity to live has a right to benefit from the worlds resources; water, food and shelter.<br />Developed countries should come together and provide aid for the affected countries that need it the most.<br />
Ethical Argument…<br />Justice:<br />Fairness and equality of treatment<br />Developing countries deserve to be treated like other wealthy countries when they are going through a natural disaster. If its possible for a developed country to stand up from a disaster, developing countries deserve to be able to do the same.<br />With equality of treatment, effects of poverty in developing countries can be reduced.<br />
Ethical Argument…<br />Beneficence:<br />Do good and help others<br />By helping the ones that most need it we can be able to reduce and improve the effects of natural disasters throughout the poorest countries.<br />Undernourishment <br />Hunger<br />Deaths<br />
References…<br />Scholarly References<br />Kreimer, A and Arnold, M. 2000. Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies. Disaster Risk Management Series No. 2. pp. 55-61. Available at: http://www.google.com/books?hl=es&lr=&id=hLwtSetlKZYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA55&dq=natural+disasters+affect+poverty&ots=7_PJRlltNG&sig=2bsUi8D8YRshgpIdkS8KyeMbAxQ#v=onepage&q=natural%20disasters%20affect%20poverty&f=false. Accessed July 4, 2011.<br />Anderson, M. Which costs more: prevention or recovery? pp. 1-11. Available at: http://desastres.unanleon.edu.ni/pdf/2002/agosto/pdf/eng/doc4715/doc4715-contenido.pdf. Accessed July 3, 2011. <br />Other resources<br />EPT (Environment and Poverty Times). Natural Disasters, “ at the whim of nature”. Retrieved July 5, 2011. http://www.grida.no/files/publications/environment-times/poverty%20No1%20-%20page12.pdf<br />
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