Dementia and alzheimer's for GeroPresentation Transcript
Dementia. Alzheimers. Whats the difference? Dementia Alzheimer’sWord for a group of Progressive,Symptoms caused by degenerative disorderdisorders that affect the that attacks the brain’sbrain. nerve cells and neurons.Not a specific disease Results in loss of memory, thinking and Affects the ability to languages skills.remember how toexecute certain daily Often results intasks. behavioral changes
What is Dementia?Dementia is a general Loss ofterm. • MemoryDescribes a group ofsymptoms. • JudgmentAlzheimer’s is a • Languageclassification of Dementia. • Complex motor skillsEach type ischaracterized by different • Intellectual functionpathologic, or structural,changes in the brain
What is Alzheimer’s? Alzheimer’s Disease is a degenerative disorder. The neurons which produce acetylcholine, the brain chemical that acts as a neurotransmitter, breaks connections with other nerve cells and dies. Alzheimer’s Disease is not a normal part of aging. Most common cause of dementia. * Found in 60% of dementia patients over theage of 65
The First Case of Alzheimer’s.Named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer.Origins of the disease date all the way back to1906.Dr. Alzheimer, a German physician, presented acase before a medical meeting of a 51-year-oldwoman suffering from a rare brain disorder.A brain autopsy identified the plaques andtangles characterized today with Alzheimer’sdisease.
Warning Signs of Dementia. What to watch out for • Onset of new• Relying on memory depression or irritability helpers • Making bad decisions• Trouble finding words • Personality changes• Struggling to complete familiar actions • Loss of interest in important• Confusion about time, responsibilities place or people • Seeing or hearing things• Misplacing familiar objects • Expressing false beliefs
Warning Sings of Alzheimer’s. Typical warning sings • Loss of words• Memory loss of recent • Failure to complete events, names, and sentences placement of objects. • Poor judgment• Confusion about time and place. • Changes in mood or personality, increased• Difficulty completing familiar suspicion, and withdrawal. actions or tasks. • Disinterested in usual• Failure to follow directions or activities. conversations. • Difficulty with complex mental assignments, or tasks involving numbers
Diagnosis of Dementia.Dementia is diagnosed Intellectual Areasaccurately 90% of thetime. • AmnesiaDozens of other • Aphasiacauses of memoryloss.Accurate diagnosis iscritical for treatment.Clinically diagnoseddementia requirescognitive loss in ormore intellectual areas.
Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s also Tools used for Diagnosis diagnosed accurately 90% of the time. • Complete medical history Can only be confirmed by Autopsy. • Lab tests Accurate diagnosis is • Physical exam critical in deciphering between Alzheimer’s and • Brain scans other non permanent • Neuro-psychological causes of memory lose. tests that gauge; The sooner the 1. Memory diagnosis, the easier it is 2. Attention to manage symptoms and 3. Language skills plan for the future. 4. Problem-solving abilities
Symptoms of Dementia and Alzheimer’s.Cognitive PsychiatricAmnesiaAphasiaApraxiaAgnosia Personality changes Depression Hallucinations Delusions
Alzheimer’s Treatment.There is no know cure for Alzheimer’s Disease.The FDA has approved several medications for theTreatment of Alzheimer’sThese medications can provide some relief ofsymptoms and may slow the decline of the diseaseseffects.Researchers support behavioral managementintervention.Education and counseling is often given to caregiversof older adults pertaining to Alzheimer’s andDementia.
Alzheimer’s Statistics.As many as 5.1 million Americans may haveAlzheimer’s disease.The number of cases is rising in line with theaging population.The prevalence of Alzheimers disease doubleevery five years beyond age 65.About half a million Americans younger than age65 have some form of dementia, includingAlzheimer’s disease.
Other Forms of Dementia. Creuzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) Dementia with Lewy Bodies Frontotemporal Dementia Huntington’s Disease Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Parkinson’s Dementia Wernicke-Korsakoff