Pankaj Vir Meullar: Blueprint – Vision for future Cities


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Blueprint – Vision for future Cities

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Pankaj Vir Meullar: Blueprint – Vision for future Cities

  1. 1. entry 276delwara community toilets delwara, rajasthan, india
  2. 2. The village of Delwara is a small, peri-urban settlement located 28 km from Udaipur, Rajasthan. The villagers work primarily on small agricultural plots adjacent to their homes. Several commute daily to Udaipur for work. Few of the villagers have access to toilets within their residence. The development of basic sanitation infrastructure such as plumbing and sewage disposal is absolutely critical for Delwara.Delwara Community Toilets 2 3
  3. 3. The residents of Delwara identified the critical absence of sanitation facilities for a majority of the village. To ensure privacy, women rise before dawn and use the nearby fields for basic toilet functions. Most men relieve themselves in the vicinity of the village pond, contaminating an already scarce water supply. Children are unaware of the benefits of healthy sanitation practice. The villagers were unanimous in their support of a planned community toilet that would also fulfill their need for a public gathering space.Delwara Community Toilets 4 5
  4. 4. seasonal pond adjacent to site; Aravalli hills as backdrop seasonal pond auto repair shops state highwayproject site site plan
  5. 5. The site for the toilets was selected with the consent of the Delwara community. Its proximity to the state highway, the village bus stop, and the local clinic shall ensure active use of the facilities by the entire village.Delwara Community Toilets 6 7
  6. 6. state highway seasonal lake auto repair shops amla grove clinicsite model: 1/16” = 1’-0” bus stop women’s toilet men’s toilet
  7. 7. In the arid desert climate, the urine, wastewater, and fertilizer from the dry composting toilets provide invaluable sustenance for the amla orchard. The fruit of the amla – also known as the Indian gooseberry – is a valued source of nutrition in the village diet. The leaves and bark are used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. The evaporative plant beds cultivate fodder for village livestock.Delwara Community Toilets 8 9
  8. 8. waste collectors rainwater storage tank men’s toilet women’s toilet courtyard toiletries shop evaporative plant bed amla grove 2’ 4’ 8’site plan
  9. 9. In densely populated areas, effluent from septic tank based flush toilet systems penetrates the groundwater table, perpetuating a cycle of disease. The dry composting toilets are entirely self-contained: all urine and wastewater is directed into evaporative plant beds. Solid waste, collected in bins, is dessicated to make fertilizer. Rainwater runoff from the roofs is collected in cisterns and gravity fed to washbasins in the toilets.Delwara Community Toilets 10 11
  10. 10. bus stop amla grove evaporative waste collection rainwater plant bed cisternsite sectionwashbasin prototype precast toilet prototype separates urine and fecal matter recycled drums to collect waste
  11. 11. The villagers, especially the women, have wholly embraced the idea of a dry- composting toilet as opposed to a water-based septic system. For them, having never had a toilet, there is no preconditioning or bias towards flush-toilets, and the advantages of this low-tech, water conserving system seem obvious for the arid desert climate.Delwara Community Toilets 12 13
  12. 12. dry composting toilet technical diagram
  13. 13. The scale of this project was determined by the limitation of semi-skilled and skilled craftsmen working entirely by hand. In the absence of mechanical construction equipment, the architecture relies upon simple materials – stone, bamboo, tin – to impart character to the building.Delwara Community Toilets 14 15
  14. 14. presentation model: 1/4” = 1’-0”
  15. 15. A shaded central plaza anchors village gatherings adjacent to the community toilet facility.Delwara Community Toilets 16 17
  16. 16. perspective view of courtyard
  17. 17. The metal roofs are constructed using flattened oil cans over bamboo trusses. Rainwater collected from the roofs is directed into concrete cisterns containing sand and charcoal filters. The filtered water is gravity-fed into washbasins inside the toilets, with the runoff irrigating the bamboo and fodder grasses.Delwara Community Toilets 18 19
  18. 18. presentation model: 1/4” = 1’-0”
  19. 19. The material selection for the project has been sourced directly from the community. The villagers are skilled in stone masonry and carving and proposed to participate in the construction. Our design sought to embed this project within the available technology and traditions of Delwara’s citizens.Delwara Community Toilets 20 21
  20. 20. tin can roofing bamboo roof truss bamboo roof screen stone screen recycled plastic drum local stone masonrymaterial specifications diagram
  21. 21. Safety is a primary concern for the women of Delwara. Given their preference to combine several activities with bathroom use – laundry, childcare, and socialization – the design flexibly integrates private functions within a secure public sphere.Delwara Community Toilets 22 23
  22. 22. perspective view of women’s toilet
  23. 23. A majority of the men from Delwara commute daily to the city of Udaipur for work. The location of the toilets – adjacent to the state highway – provides them a convenient and functional amenity.Delwara Community Toilets 24 25
  24. 24. perspective view of men’s toilet
  25. 25. Delwara Community Toilets 26 27
  26. 26. Delwara Community Toilets