1. The Genocide in Rwanda
10A World Literature/Composition
This image is used under a CC license from:
2. This image is used under a CC license from:
3. This image is used under a CC license from:
4. This image is used under a CC license from:
Chaos and Terror
5. This is image is used under a CC license from:
6. This image is used under a CC license from:
7. This image is used under a CC license from:
8. This image is used under a CC license from:
9. This image is used under a CC license from:
10. This image is used under a CC license from:
11. This image is used under a CC license from:
12. This image is used under a CC license from:
13. This image is used under a CC license from:
“ Jeanne d’Arc Umubyeyi- She who gives
life. That is the name they gave you to
take on your way.”
14. This image is used under a CC license from:
15. Works Cited
Boujou, Marc. "On This Day: Rwandan Plane Crash Sparks Genocide." SIRS. Sirs Researcher. Ed. Finding Dulcinea Staff. Web. 14 Oct. 2010.
<http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/ March-April-08/On-this-Day--Rwandan-Plane-Crash-Sparks-Genocide.html>. This article tells of the plane crash. It
tells of the different views that Hutu and Tutsi took, and how it affected the country. I evaluated this by again, using the other articles. All the articles I have read have
mentioned a plane crash. Obviously this has event happened. This increased my understanding because it provided the major spark to the genocide. It also showed the
different attitudes of the Hutu and Tutsi.
"Case Study: Genocide in Rwanda, 1994." Gendercide Watch. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2010. <http://www.gendercide.org/case_rwanda.html>. Key information in this source was
explaining genocide. It gave a clear view of what happens in genocide attacks. One way I evaluated information was looking for key words and phrases. Another way
of evaluating the information was re-reading some of the material that stood out. This helped because reading it more than once helped me comprehend what the
source was trying to convey. Reading this information helped enhance my knowledge of genocidal attacks. It also informed me on what was actual happened
when attacks were going on.
"International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 10 Oct. 2010. Web. 19 Oct. 2010.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Criminal_Tribunal_for_Rwanda>. Wikipedia provided both as a comparison article and provided some new information. It
was mix of things: from politics to culture. It told basically everything about Rwanda that would be important. Since this article was towards that end, I compared the
information within the article to the other articles I already had. However, I did do some investigation into the new material on Google. This gave me a look into some of
the culture of Rwanda. It showed me how it has changed over time, and also some views of it's government, attempts to help the country, and economy.
Jansen, Hanna. Over a Thousand Hills I Walk with You. Trans. Elizabeth Crawford. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, 2002. Print. This novel tells the story of an eight year old girl
who experienced the genocide first hand. She managed to survive while her family did not. She experienced many obstacles and almost died in her struggle to stay alive.
At the end of the war, Jeanne was able to be adopted by a family in Germany that allowed her to rebuild her life. While you cannot really evaluate a novel, the event
within the novel corresponded with the events that our group researched. Therefore, the novel was very accurate. This helped my research because it showed a first
hand account of the actions that took place. It also helped show me the devastation and horror of the genocide. And it inspired me to understand the genocide on a
Longman, Timothy. "Rwanda: Genocide and Crimes against Humanity." Enotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http://www.enotes.com/genocide-encyclopedia/rwanda>. This
article tells specifically of the politics in Rwanda before and during the genocide. This article goes farther into depth than the article did, but shares the same basic
events. It tells of the president's reign before Habyarimana, and how Habyarimana helped smooth ethnic tensions. I evaluated it by using a previous article and
comparing basic points in history that were similar. Then I looked up the author since his name was present. He is well qualified as a professor in Africana Studies at
Vassar University. He has made numerous trips to Rwanda and other countries. This helped because it provide a very good ideas of what was happening in Rwanda. It
showed all of the political struggles in a simple way that was easy to understand, and how it affected the people.
PBS, comp. "Frontline: Rwanda Chronology." Frontline. PBS, 1995. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/rwanda/etc/cron.html>. This article
was a chronological order of events that transpired during the Rwandan war. The dates were towards the end of the war, and showed how other countries started
helping Rwanda stop the genocide and recover. I evaluated this by looking up the dates and seeing if they corresponded. I used Triangulation, and found three articles
that matched. This let me know that all of the world's leading countries were trying to help. Rwanda was not being ignored, and efforts were being made to reform
Rainer, Hennig. "Rwanda Background: the Cross and the Genocide." AFROL. AFROL, 2001. Web. 20 Oct. 2010.
<http://www.afrol.com/Countries/Rwanda/backgr_cross_genocide.htm>. This article is how the church had a major impact on the genocide. It tells of various bishop
and how the pope encouraged the Hutu attacks on the Tutsi. I evaluated this article by looking up the author. The fact that the author's name was present helped
convince me that this article was factual. Hennig Rainer is an avid researcher on how religions have affect genocidal events in history. This added to my research because
it showed how the church was involved in the genocide. It also showed that genocide really started within and slowly ate it's way out.
16. Works Cited(Cont.)
Rieff, David. "An Age of Genocide: The Far-Reaching Lessons of Rwanda." NEW REPUBLIC. 27-36. SIRS Researcher. Web. 6 Oct. 2010. <http://sks.sirs.com/cgi-bin/ hst-article-
Reaching%20Lessons%20of%20Rwanda&res=Y&ren=Y&gov=Y&lnk=Y&ic= Y>. This article out of SIRS is about the start of the ethnical issues in Rwanda. It tells of the
German and Belgian colonization that started the tensions between the Hutu and Tutsi by elevating the Tutsi higher than the Hutu. It then tells of all the political
transactions that took place, and the shifts in power. I evaluated the source by looking up the author, DavidReiff. He is a well-known writer on the issues of third
world countries. He has many books already published. I then, of course, looked up the power shifts on Google search engine,and found all the information accurate.
This helped me in my research because it showed how the political shifts in power effected the Tutsi. The government was a major reason the Hutu/Tutsi conflict
happened despite their attempts to fix it at the last minute.
"Rwanda Genocide." Gale Global Issues in Context. Detroit. Global Issues in Context. Web. 29 Sept. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com/gic/
infomark.do?&contentSet=GREF&idigest=b527955b5caccdb4b4a2d40e86fe061a&type=retrieve>. The article, Rwanda Genocide, gives the basic information of
Rwanda. It then goes on to tell of it's attempts to settle the disagreement between the Hutu and Tutsi. Next, it speaks of the plane crash and other events that led to
the Genocide, and what transpired during the war. By this time I had looked up many other articles. I used the information off of those articles and checked them
against this one. The facts were the same and matched up with all the other information, but they had more detail. This article enhanced my increasingly expanding
knowledge by providing me with an idea of what was done to help prevent this genocide. It told me that all the bordering countries that had the same problem that
Rwanda did, were trying to make it better. Unfortunately, it did not turn out that way.
"Rwanda: Information on the Role of the Interhamwe [Also Interahamwe] Militia and the Use of Roadblocks during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide." Refworld. N.p., n.d. Web.
28 Oct. 2010. <http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,USCIS,,RWA,456d621e2,3decf4b24,0.html>. Key information in this sourcewas the two militia groups. It
gave a better understanding about one group, and gave information about another group that was not mentioned in the book. Theevaluation process I used was
referring to other sources my group used and our novel. This helped me compare the information I had, and also enhanced my knowledge of the two militia groups.
Reading this website help inform me of who the militia groups were and what they did. It gave information on people had encounters with these groups, and quotes
of people who had witnessed what they have done.
"Rwanda Genocide- the Real Story." Uganda Mission. CSNGlobal, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http:/// www.ugandamission.org/genocide_window.html>. This article about how
the Rwandan population has switched their religion. Instead of Roman Catholic, which they were before, they have become Anglican. They've done this because the
Roman Catholic church played a major part in the genocide. I evaluated this source by looking up the author, and checking him. I also looked for some bias becuase
this is an article about religion. Finally, this helped me understand how some people justified the reasons for the genocide.It showed me that sometimes what you
think is perfect, is really corrupt.
"Rwanda: The Wake of the Genocide." Rwanda: The Wake of the Genocide. N.p., 2005. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http://www.rwanda-genocide.org/help.html>. This article is
about non-profit organizations that are interested in helping Rwanda recover from the war. Avega-Agahozo is the main one mentioned, and list just what Avega-
Agahozo does to help. I evaluated this web site, by looking up the organizations and seeing if they are actual organizations. I also looked at the links on the side of the
page. They all related back to the main subject and were from reliable sources. This article helped my understanding becauseit showed me that people to care. They
are working hard, and also what needs the most work over in Rwanda. It put the situation into context.
"1994: Rwanda presidents' plane 'shot down.'" BBC. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2010.
<http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/6/newsid_2472000/ 2472195.stm>. The key information in this was what happened when the presidents'
plane was shot down. It gave great details of what happened and why it happened. I evaluated the information by comparing tothe novel. This helped also because it
gave more information about what happened, then the novel did. This information enhanced my knowledge of the tragic plane crash. It helped by giving details and
explaining in depth what happened when the plane was shot down.