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Shauntee Issues in Africa 4th

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  • Colonial times- Britain industrialized northern Sudan so when independency came, northern Sudan was put in power.Independent – 1956 conflict erupted in 1955. war actually started in 1983 between gov. and SPLA. Root causes were resources, power, role of religion in state.first war comprehensive peace agreement-> cease-fire rule2nd war- darfur began in 2003 when Sudan liberation army and / the justice and Equality movement groups accused the government of genocide against africans in favor of Arabs.Eventually they began fighting against governement army and a group called the Janaweed which consisted of recruitments from Arab tribes. Although a cease fire agreement was signed, there have been accusationsOf war throughout the region.
  • Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)
  • 2 million people died, scorched earth policy
  • four million displaces, 600,000 refugees–
  • 39% of population can not read or write3% of government spending goes towards educationSchool life expectancy is 4 years, k-3rd gradeA girl born in southern Sudan has a better chance of dying during pregnancy or childbirth than of completing primary school.
  • 40% of population below poverty line1 out of 4 female mortality 1 out of 3 male mortality40 % of population no access to water source
  • Southern Sudan will hold a referendum that will decide if it should stay part of Sudan in January of 2011. southern Sudan must have at least a 60% turnout vote In order for it to be valid. Some fear this could cause war becausesouthern Sudan hold over 85% of Sudan's oil fields and resources.
  • In march, the government 13 aid agencies from the darfur regions, those providing health care/medical clinics, 4 million people depend on aid from organizations in darfur to live.(1/3 of darfur’s population) http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/panorama/4007257.stm
  • (focuses on maintaining peace) It is focused on forging a definitive end to conflict, human rights abuses, and genocide in Darfur, and peaceful implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA).they provide clean water and hygiene, health clinics, shelter, and rehabilitation. Most of all US-AID provides food aid

Shauntee Issues in Africa 4th Shauntee Issues in Africa 4th Presentation Transcript

  • Genocide in Sudan
    ShauntaePontoo
    4th period
    10th World/Lit Comp H
  • Civil War
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  • Religious Differences
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  • Villages destroyed
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  • Millions left homeless
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  • education
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  • Unsanitary conditions
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  • What Happens
    when the soldiers
    made to
    PROTECTyou….
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  • are the ones you fear the most ?
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  • Vote!
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  • United Nations
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  • US-AIDfrom the American People
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  • “At the close of WWII, North America and many European countries committed to a world free of genocide. Six million Jews gave their lives for the sake of ethnic cleansing.”
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  • “At how many deaths will the free world open its eyes to the murdered civilians in Sudan?” (Nhial, Mills 100)