Korean War 1st Period Guyer


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Korean War 1st Period Guyer

  1. 1. The Korean War<br />By: Will Stancil, Zach Gantt, Brittany Leon, OksanaGrinchuk<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Introduction: Korean War<br /><ul><li>The Korean war lasted approximately three years and one month.
  4. 4. This war cost the United States around 142,000 casualties which included twenty two billion dollars and more than 22,000 dead.
  5. 5. The Koreansthemselves lost at least a million people.
  6. 6. The Korean War prohibited the Communist conquest of South Korea, and it demonstrated that the United States would fight to prevent the further spread of Communism.
  7. 7. The Korean War was fought between North Korea and South Korea and during this war, more than two and a half million lives lost their lives.
  8. 8. The pinnacle of this conflict was achieved in June 1950 when North Korea, supplied by the Soviet Union, invaded the South.
  9. 9. Shortly, the United States and the United States joined the war on the side of the South Korea and the Chinesejoined the side of North Korea.
  10. 10. The war lasted for several years and eventually ended in July 1953.</li></li></ul><li>Who fought in the Korean War<br />(Before the War)<br />Seven years before the start of the Korean War, it was 1943. This was an important year due to the fact that the United States had beat Japan in the Pacific. They set up terms considering the victory the United States had over the Japanese. One of these terms consisted of the independence of Korea. Following the surrender of the Japanese, in 1946 Korea was already separated: the North was controlled by a communist-controlled domain and the South was controlled by the US. This was supposed to be temporary, however because of the failure of unification agreement, both the South and North declared their independence as republics.<br />
  11. 11. Who fought in the Korean War<br />(During the War)<br /> A military conflict between the Republic of Korea, which had the United Nations support, versus Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, also supported by the People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union. This war, moreover, brought in the support of countless countries through Europe and Asia, as well as the United States. North Korea, who had been in open conflict in the 38th Parallel, finally invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950. This was the beginning of the Cold War that swept through the world until the early ‘90s.<br /> Harry Truman, President of the United States at the time proclaimed that he would not stand by and let such conflicts come around. One of the main reasons why the United States entering the war was right was the fact that the United States would resist Communism. This seemed to be a valiant and noble act; however some believed it was an act of control by Harry Truman. On the other hand, some Americans and Koreans believed that the United States’ interaction in the war was not needed and unnecessary. South Koreans believed that the United States were invaded their country. <br /> Americans came to the aid of South Korea when North Korea invaded. With South Korea’s support, as well as the Americans, North Koreans were repelled. However, Communist China came to the aid of North Korea. The Soviet Union also aided North Korea by transporting materials to North Korea. <br />
  12. 12. Who fought in the Korean War<br />(During the War continued)<br />During the Korean War, the president of the Republic of Korea, Syngman Rhee, was a leader that was not thought great of. Because of his insistence that his people stay at Seoul while him and his family flee south. Even worse, he condemned thousands of the city’s inhabitants to North Korea by demolishing the bridges at the Han River. Later, after the war, Syngman Rhee won a second turn of the presidency of South Korea. <br /> Kim II-sung, the President of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, was a communist leader who gained power in 1948 and ensued chaos. However, Kim II-sung wanted to unify Korea for his personal gain; surprisingly, it was popular throughout the south. However, it was met with resistance and war happened. To summarize shortly, North Korea was forced back by UN troops and Kim lost power. However, when the Korean War was over, Kim regained power and sought to rebuild North Korea. He eventually set up a Communist state and stayed in power until 1994. <br />
  13. 13. What was the Korean War?<br /> What caused the Korean War:<br /> The Leaders of the United States, Great Britain, and China met at a committee in (1943) Egypt after the Second World War to discuss the fate of the country of Korea which had been under the control of Japan since the year 1905. North Korea invaded South Korea on October 25, 1950 it only took three days for them to conquer the capital of Seoul (South Korea’s capital). The current President of the United States, President Harry S. Truman decided and announced to the world that the U.S. would stop and resist North Korean aggression, and received the support of the United Nations (UN) in the year 1950. They then put together a resistance force to resist North Korean assault made up mostly of U.S. soldiers. The first strike against the North Korean forces was made on September 15, 1950 when General MacArthur landed in Inchon, South Korea and recaptured its Capital Seoul and recaptured it on September 25, 1950. <br />
  14. 14. What was the Korean War?<br />What was the cause of the end of the war:<br /> The President Harry S. Truman’s presidential rein ended in the year 1952 bringing in the third U.S. President to rein during the conflict between North Korea and South Korea. After his term ended the Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower came into presidency vowing to end the war and when he assumed office he began to do so. China who had entered after the UN forces reclaimed South Korea and began pushing into North Korea with which the UN forces began to relax allowing Chinese forces to push the UN forces back and allowed China reclaim North Korea and the South Korean Capital Seoul. It was previously thought that china wouldn’t enter the war because the U.S. veiled threat that they would launch nuclear weapons against China. This didn’t work however and the Chinese crossed the Yalu River and forced the UN troops back. After General Ridgewell (MacArthur’s successor) forced the Chinese back the U.S. soon underwent re-election of the President. The U.S. voted in the new President Dwight D. Eisenhower because of the promise to end the Korean War. He entered the office of Presidency in 1953. He announced that the U.S. was placing nuclear weapons in Okinawa and increased U.S. Air force on the Korean Peninsula. While at the same time, Eisenhower pressured the South Korean leader Syngman Rhee, to soften his demands for an immediate reunification of Korea. <br />
  15. 15. When was the Korean War?<br />At the end of World War 2, many South Korean and American leaders were afraid that North Korea might attack across the 38th parallel at any moment. so on January 12, 1950, Secretary of State Dean Acheson stated that Korea was not within the "defensive perimeter"  of America's crucial interests in the far East. Although he gave this evidence, some authorities interpreted his statement as a request for the Communists to attack South Korea.<br /> The attack came five months later on June 25, 1950 when the North Korean armed forces struck without any type of warning across the discrimination line. Within thirty six hours, North Korean tanks moved into the outer suburbs of Seoul, which is the Capital of South Korea. North Korean armed forces were resistant units that obtained massed artillery. Because there was a new isolation line that was organized south of the 38th parallel, these lines changed from south of Seoul to north of the parallel. The stalemate was finally reached on July 1951. Shortly, this conflict settled down to a trench warfare where there was indecisive but bloody fighting where the Chinese were very skillful. Within the two years that this conflict lasted, more than a million Americans served in Korea.<br /> The communists finally modified their situation on the cruelty of the soldiers and a final agreement was signed on July 27, 1953 in Panmunjom declaring the end of the Korean war.<br />
  16. 16. Where was the Korean War?<br /> The Korean War was fought in North and South Korea by the Communist Northern supported by the Soviet Union and China, and Capitalist Southern who were backed by UN forces (U.S. mostly). Northern Korea is located between the Sea of Japan and the Yellow sea and is connected to China at the North Eastern tip, and is also connected to the Soviet Union (Russia) at its Northern most tip, it is also West of Japan. South Korea is located directly south of Northern Korea and North Korea is the only country that touches South Korean borders, it is located West of Japan, and in between the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. The first major battle of the Korean War involved North Korea capturing the capital of South Korea Seoul. Seoul is located just south of the North Korean border, Seoul neighboring cities are Chuncheon and Incheon. Later the UN forces and South Korea forced North Korean soldiers and their allies (at this time only Soviets) out of South Korea and all the way back to the North Korean capital of Pyongyang. Pyongyang, North Korea is Located next to the bay of Korea which is located at the borders of North Korea, The Yellow Sea, and China. The war was fought on all fronts including land, in the air, and in the ocean. <br />
  17. 17. Why did the Korean War take place?<br /> North Korea became a communist government, with Russia telling them what to do. In 1947, the UN declared for elections to be held in all of Korea to decide one government for the country. However, North Korea refused to take part in the elections and didn't allow it. Five years after the end of World War II the United States became involved in a conflict in Korea. So this conflict began and the two countries fought. This happened with the Unites States on South Korea’s side, as well as, the United Nations. The People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union supported North Korea.<br />
  18. 18. Why was The Korean War the first war to fight between pro-Communist and pro-Capitalist forces?<br />Who were the Pro-Communist forces?<br />They were people who did not believe in any private or individual ownership of land or other important resources. They considered everything to be owned by state, but shared by everyone. Because everything is based on equality, the wages and choices made must be equal and approved by everyone. Communism disapproves the idea of individual enterprises whereas Capitalism supports it. Communist forces also does not allow differences in class, race, religion, or nationality, therefore all decisions were made by democratic means. Last but not last, Pro-Communist forces encourage altruistic behaviors and they support Communism which is a strict government run economy. <br />Who were the Pro-Capitalist forces?<br /> They believe in private ownership of land and means of production. They believe in the idea that every man must earn his own worth and their quantity of work will determine their increase or decrease in their wages. Capitalist forces put individual freedoms before society whereas Communist forces put society before individual forces. Capitalist forces encourages class distinction, but this also promotes the rich to become richer and the poor to become poorer. Lastly, pro-capitalist forces encourage selfishness among men and they support Capitalism which is a self regulated market system.<br />
  19. 19. What We Think<br /> We support the Pro-Capitalist forces because we believe in having individual rights. We believe it is necessary to have a certain amount of freedom where people are given the opportunities to open up their own businesses and have a voice in the community. It is fair to encourage class distinction because every person is unique and different from one another. Unlike capitalism, communism does not allow differences in class, race, religion, or nationality. We believe this is unfair because people should be given a right to separate themselves and worship whom they choose rather than a false icon that is part of the propaganda. We agree with the fact that Capitalist forces put people before society. This allows people to adventure and explore different aspects in their life and discover new talents that could change the world forever. If communism was dominant, there would not be technology, styles, ideas, or anything that can be useful unless the government created it. <br />
  20. 20. Was the United States Justified Entering the Korean War? <br /> Yes, the United States was justified in entering the Korean War for a couple of reasons. First, Harry Truman, the current president of the United States in 1950s became worried of North Korea. It was not just the communist country that made Truman worried. It was the fact that the Soviet Union was supporting North Korea with the commonality of being Communist. So, the Soviet Union gave materials to North Korea to fight the South Koreans. Truman found the Soviet Union a threat to the world, especially to the United States not only because of the Soviet’s hand in North Korea but also because they were in Europe instigating trouble. This time was perilous, because this was the time of the Cold War. Communism was spreading throughout European countries, giving the Soviet Union the advantage in world power. Truman seemed justified in entering the war because he was trying to show that he would try to resist aggression from Communism. His role in the Korean War helped South Korea maintain a boundary from North Korea and stop the invasion and eventual conquering of South Korea.<br /> No, the United States had no right in entering the Korean War. Harry Truman of the United States went beyond the boundaries that they should of crossed. Their intervention  was a mistake because of the eventual cause after the war. First, as stated before, the United States went beyond “strategic containment policies”("Korean War." History in Dispute, Vol. 6: The Cold War, Second Series.) which were meant that the United States or any other country did not interfere with other country’s problems.  And eventually, the United States helped Syngman Rhee, the president of the Republic of Korea. He was a man who left South Koreans to condemnation by fleeing with his family before the North Koreans invaded. Later, when North Koreans fled back to their country, Syngman Rhee gained power again, and became a tyrannical ruler. <br />
  21. 21. What We Think<br /> I believe that the United States was justified in entering the war. They stopped the eventual spread of Communism, stopped the invasion of South Korea, and lessened the power of the Soviet Union in the Cold War. This was the right decision for it showed that the United States would oppose Communism.  The US’s assistance also helped the people of South Korea by giving supplies to them and helping them through the ordeal of the invasion of North Korea. So overall, I believe that if the United States did not interfere in the situation, North Korea would have dominated South Korea, Communism would have been stronger, and the world today would be different than we know now. <br />
  22. 22. Conclusion<br />The Korean War had many pieces of information that made us learn new things about it. Japan, who originally had control over Korea until 1943, surrendered Korea because of the United State’s assistance in WWII. The Korean War started because of the constant disagreements of the Communist North and the Capitalist South. Their continual bickering over how the country should unify eventually led North Korea to invade South Korea on June 25, 1950. The eventual US assistance, which was supported by the United Nations, was justified by the US’s decision to fight the progression of Communism. The war ended in July 27, 1953; however, the war led to the mortality rate of over 2 million Korean dead, 56,000 US soldiers dead, and countless other countries’ deaths. After the war, South Koreans relaxed their forces on the guarding of the 38th Parallel, which was the crossway over to the South or North Korea. When South Korea finally got onto its feet, the previous ruler, Syngman Rhee got into power once again, and began the tyrannical regime of South Korea. North and South Korea never finally unified as of 2010. <br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Fast Facts!<br /><ul><li>The three leaders who met were: Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Chiang Kai-shek of China (Chiang was 1st Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China)
  25. 25. Leaders during the war/resistance: General Douglas MacArthur (U.S.)
  26. 26. Korea after being freed from Japan’s control in (1946) Korea was divided into two sides the North being Soviet Union controlled and the south being controlled by the United States (division supposed to be temporary). But in 1948 there were no agreements and the two decided to separate as two different independent republics.  
  27. 27. 6.8 million served on active-duty during the Korean War
  28. 28. 1.8 million served during period of hostilities 36,940 died in theater during the war
  29. 29. 8,176 are still listed as missing in action 7,140 were POWs of whom 4,418 returned
  30. 30. Weaponry during the war: .357 Magnum Revolver (Handgun), Japanese 7.7mm WWII Model 99 rifle (Rifle), Browning Automatic Rifle BAR(Automatic), Bren MkI Light Machine Gun (Machine Gun), US Rifle-mounted Grenade Launchers (Grenades), M9A1 2.36" Bazooka , 81mm M1 US mortar
  31. 31. Aircraft:Gloster Meteor F.Mk 8, North American F-51D Mustang, Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik, Supermarine Sea Otter ASR II </li></li></ul><li>Resources/ Work Cited<br />Millett, Allan R. The Korean War Volume 2. Seoul: Korean Institute of Military <br /> History, 1998;2001. http://www.books.google.com. Web. 13 May 2010. <http://www.books.google.com/ books?id=KtI5QwY01MwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Korean+War&cd=1#v=onepage&q&f=false>.<br /> History Resource Center: World. N.p., 2003. Web. 10 May 2010.<br />“Korean War.” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2010. <http://www.school.eb.com/‌eb/‌article-9046072>.<br />“Korean War.” korean-war. Philadelphia website design, 2009. Web. 13 May 2010. <http://www.korean-war.info/‌facts/>.<br />"North and South Korea: A Fifty-Year Struggle for Peace and Reconciliation on the Korean Peninsula." History Behind the Headlines: The Origins of Conflicts Worldwide, Volume 2. Gale Group, 2001. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/History/<br />"Korean War." History in Dispute, Vol. 6: The Cold War, Second Series. Edited by Dennis E. Showalter and Paul DuQuenoy. St. James Press, 2000. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/History/<br />Gardner, Lloyd C. The Korean War. The World Book Encyclopedia. London: Scott Fetzer, 1989, Vol 11. Middleton, Harry J. The Compact History of the Korean War. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1965.  http://www.freeessays.cc/db/26/hal229.shtml<br />