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History• After the Franco-Prussian War• In 1871, Alsace and Lorraine was annexed into the German Empire as Germany started to unite• Left the territory in the hands of the Kaiser• 1918-Alsace Lorraine declared themselves “The Republic of Alsace- Lorraine”, in which the French quickly took hold• Under treaty of Versailles, Germany ceded territory to France• During & After WWI• As Germany’s Kaiser abdicated, the Republic of Germany was created leaving Alsace-Lorraine with no head of power• The Armistice with Germany ended the war as the Republic of Alsace- Lorraine was stated• This sovereignty of the territory was a short period for which French troops came and took over the city of Mulhausen• German influence was cut off by the expel of German inhabitants from 1871 and the introduction to French culture.• Battle of Verdun-One of the longest/ devastating battles of WWI fought in the northern city of Verdun-sur-Meuse; ended in 306,000 deaths
Battle of Verdun(1916)
History• WWII• After the defeat of France in the spring of 1940, the area was taken hold of under Berlin until Germany’s defeat in 1945• During this time, men were drafted into the German army to fight against the French• Battle of the Bulge- A major Germany offensive on the Western Front, for which it was the largest and bloodiest battle of WWII with heavy losses on the American side• After WWII-Present• The previous disputed territory was now in the hands of the French, although tensions arose between parts of France and Alsace-Lorraine• The French has still suppresses German influence, but presently they try to preserve the Franco-German culture.
• Battle of the Bulge (1944-1945)
Major Cities• Strasbourg:• The capital and largest city of Alsace Lorraine• Where “La Marseillaise” (French national anthem) was first sung by Rouget de Lisle• Sandstone Gothic cathedrals and astronomical clock• Strasbourg Cathedral• Mulhouse:• 2nd largest city in France• Known for their automobile museums such as cité de lautomobile and cité du train• Metz:• Capital of the the region of Lorraine• Nicknamed the “Green City” as an important city in urban ecology• Big in the automotive as well as steel industries
City of MetzCity of Strasburg City of Mulhouse
Popular Attractions• La route des vins (wine route)• Balloon rides• La Petite France
Popular Attractions• Musee Lalique• Cathedrale Notre Dame Strasburg
Itinerary• Day 1: Metz & Nancy• Saint Stephen gothic cathedral• Arsenal concert hall• Thierry Saveurs et Cuisine• Place Stanislas• Musée de lEcole de Nancy• Hotel des prélats• Day 2: Strasburg• Strasbourg cathédral• Le Petit France• Le Gavroche (restaurant)• Batorama (Boat tour)• Galeries Lafayette (Department store)• Cour de Corbeau Hotel
Itinerary• Day 3:Colmar & Mulhouse• Le route des vins (wine route)• Koifhus (Old Custom House)• National Automobile Museum• Cite de Train (French Railway Museum)• Hotel de Musee-Gare
Well-Known Items• Mainly German cuisine such as:• Poultry & Meats (pork, bacon, sausages)• Dry Rieslings (for sweet white wine)• Wine (mostly white)• Beer (Strasburg Breweries) (Fischer, Heineken Int.)• Use of Hops (bitter taste in beer) & Schnapps (like American liquor)• Sauerkraut• Cheeses (Munster)
Additional Facts•Name origin comes from Ali-saz or Elisaz (meaning“Foreign Domain” in Old German)• Alsatian is the regional language, although French isthe official language with German also being taught asa foreign language• “La Marseillaise”- written in1792 in Strasbourg as arevolutionary marching song by Rouget de Lisle afterthe Storming of Bastille; This was during the FrenchRevolution