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Verbals And Intro To Participles

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  • 1. Verbals: Participles and Participial Phrases Mrs. Hamilton, Summer 2008 10 th Literature/Composition
  • 2. Verbals
    • Verbals are formed from verbs.
    • They may express action.
    • They may have modifiers (adjectives and adverbs).
    • They may be followed by complements such as direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, and predicate adjectives.
  • 3. More on Verbals
    • However, verbals ARE NOT USED AS VERBS!!!
    • They ARE used as:
    • nouns
    • adjectives
    • adverbs
  • 4. Participles
    • A participle is a verb form used as an adjective .
    • Examples:
    • The rapidly developing storm kept small boats in port.
    • The pleased student smiled at the teacher.
  • 5. Present Participles
    • Present participles are formed by adding –ing to the plain form of the verb.
    • Example: The laughing student grinned like a possum.
  • 6. Past Participles
    • Past participles are formed by adding either – ed, -d-, -t, -en, or –n to the plain form of the verb. Others may be formed as irregular verbs.
    • Ellie, my dachshund, had a bewildered look on her face when the water from the nozzle in her bathtub suddenly turned cold.
  • 7. Participial Phrases
    • A participial phrase consists of a participle and any complements or modifiers it may have. The phrase may be modified by adjective phrase or by an adverb phrase. The entire participial phrase acts as an adjective.
    • Cooking with great skill and finesse , Emeril Lagasse amazed the audience with his culinary talents and bubbly personality.
    • Explanation: “Cooking with great skill and finesse” describes the proper noun, “Emeril Lagasse.”
  • 8. Tips and Tricks
    • Participles may be past tense verbs or present tense verbs.
    • Find the main verb of the sentence first.
    • Cross out prepositional phrases.
    • Find the subject.
    • Now look for single participles or entire participial phrases.
    • Remember: participles act as adjectives. They describe nouns or pronouns.
    • “ What kind?” “Which one?” “How many?” “Whose?
  • 9. Practice Problems
    • The train arriving on track 10 is an hour late.
    • A first-edition book signed by the author may become valuable.
    • The girl nauseated and weakened by the virus is Stephanie.
  • 10. Practice Problems
    • Matt, exhausted from the practice EOCT tests, collapsed as he entered Room 603 this evening.
    • Gobbling his French fries and gulping his milkshake, L.J. finished his dinner before we began taking notes tonight.
    • Smitten by the lovebug, April decided to create an original Valentine’s gift for her boyfriend.
  • 11. Practice Problems
    • Barking loudly and shaking their toys, the dachshunds greeted Mrs. Hamilton when she arrived home from night school.
    • Mandy is the girl passing out the programs.
    • All the seafood cooked in that restaurant is fried.