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Verbals And Intro To Participles
 

Verbals And Intro To Participles

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    Verbals And Intro To Participles Verbals And Intro To Participles Presentation Transcript

    • Verbals: Participles and Participial Phrases Mrs. Hamilton, Summer 2008 10 th Literature/Composition
    • Verbals
      • Verbals are formed from verbs.
      • They may express action.
      • They may have modifiers (adjectives and adverbs).
      • They may be followed by complements such as direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, and predicate adjectives.
    • More on Verbals
      • However, verbals ARE NOT USED AS VERBS!!!
      • They ARE used as:
      • nouns
      • adjectives
      • adverbs
    • Participles
      • A participle is a verb form used as an adjective .
      • Examples:
      • The rapidly developing storm kept small boats in port.
      • The pleased student smiled at the teacher.
    • Present Participles
      • Present participles are formed by adding –ing to the plain form of the verb.
      • Example: The laughing student grinned like a possum.
    • Past Participles
      • Past participles are formed by adding either – ed, -d-, -t, -en, or –n to the plain form of the verb. Others may be formed as irregular verbs.
      • Ellie, my dachshund, had a bewildered look on her face when the water from the nozzle in her bathtub suddenly turned cold.
    • Participial Phrases
      • A participial phrase consists of a participle and any complements or modifiers it may have. The phrase may be modified by adjective phrase or by an adverb phrase. The entire participial phrase acts as an adjective.
      • Cooking with great skill and finesse , Emeril Lagasse amazed the audience with his culinary talents and bubbly personality.
      • Explanation: “Cooking with great skill and finesse” describes the proper noun, “Emeril Lagasse.”
    • Tips and Tricks
      • Participles may be past tense verbs or present tense verbs.
      • Find the main verb of the sentence first.
      • Cross out prepositional phrases.
      • Find the subject.
      • Now look for single participles or entire participial phrases.
      • Remember: participles act as adjectives. They describe nouns or pronouns.
      • “ What kind?” “Which one?” “How many?” “Whose?
    • Practice Problems
      • The train arriving on track 10 is an hour late.
      • A first-edition book signed by the author may become valuable.
      • The girl nauseated and weakened by the virus is Stephanie.
    • Practice Problems
      • Matt, exhausted from the practice EOCT tests, collapsed as he entered Room 603 this evening.
      • Gobbling his French fries and gulping his milkshake, L.J. finished his dinner before we began taking notes tonight.
      • Smitten by the lovebug, April decided to create an original Valentine’s gift for her boyfriend.
    • Practice Problems
      • Barking loudly and shaking their toys, the dachshunds greeted Mrs. Hamilton when she arrived home from night school.
      • Mandy is the girl passing out the programs.
      • All the seafood cooked in that restaurant is fried.