Phrases Prepositional And Appositive

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phrases, grammar, appositives, prepositional phrases, appositive phrases, adjective phrases, adverb phrases

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  • could you plz write more examples on appositives please
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  • give me an example of a appositive phrase with direct object please!!
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Phrases Prepositional And Appositive

  1. 1. Phrases: Introduction, Prepositional Phrases, and Appositive Phrases Mrs. Hamilton Summer 2008
  2. 2. What is a Phrase? <ul><li>A phrase is a group of words that go together, but do not make a complete sentence . </li></ul><ul><li>Phrases act as a single part of speech in a sentence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prepositional Phrases <ul><li>A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The noun or pronoun at the end of the prepositional phrase is called the object of the preposition. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prepositional Phrases <ul><li>Prepositional phrases may consist simply of a preposition and its object. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepositional phrases may have modifiers between the preposition and its object (particularly adjectives). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Compound Objects of Prepositions <ul><li>You can have compound objects of the preposition (more than one object joined by a coordinating conjunction. </li></ul><ul><li>FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so </li></ul>
  6. 6. More on Prepositional Phrases <ul><li>It is possible to have consecutive (more than one) prepositional phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>This is different from a compound o.p. because compound o.ps share the preposition and are joined by the coordinating conjunction. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adjective Phrases <ul><li>Prepositional phrases that function as adjectives are called adjective phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective phrases modify nouns or pronouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjectives can answer “what kind?”, “which one?”, “how many?”, or “how much?” or “whose”? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Adjective Phrases <ul><li>Adjective phrases always follow the word they modify. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Examples of Adjective Phrases <ul><li>The girl with the hat is my cousin. </li></ul><ul><li>The students from CHS know Mrs. Eller. </li></ul><ul><li>The book on the cart is my favorite. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Adverb Phrases <ul><li>Prepositional phrases that act as adverbs by modifying verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. </li></ul><ul><li>“ To what degree or extent?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where? </li></ul><ul><li>“ When?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ How?” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examples of Adverb Phrases <ul><li>We ran over the hill. </li></ul><ul><li>At midnight I went downstairs. </li></ul><ul><li>She skates very well for a beginner. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Appositives <ul><li>An appositive is a noun or pronoun that typically follows another noun or pronoun to further identify it or explain it. </li></ul><ul><li>>Tom Glavine, a Cy Young Award winner , pitched well. </li></ul><ul><li>>My brother Todd is a Georgia Tech graduate. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Appositives Phrases <ul><li>An appositive phrase is made up of the appositive and its modifers. >Mr. Smith, a teacher at Lincoln High School , won the lottery yesterday. >Ms. Hamilton, our teacher , assigned us a quiz yesterday. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Commas and Appositive Phrases/Appositives <ul><li>Use commas to set off any appositive or appositive phrase that is not essential to the meaning of the sentence. >Ethan’s friend Julie works at the store. (essential) >Eric, Ethan’s twin brother , does not have money today. </li></ul>

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