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Chapter6 theamericanrevolution-110317113047-phpapp02[1]

Chapter6 theamericanrevolution-110317113047-phpapp02[1]






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    Chapter6 theamericanrevolution-110317113047-phpapp02[1] Chapter6 theamericanrevolution-110317113047-phpapp02[1] Presentation Transcript

    • The American Revolution Chapter 6 pp. 166 - 197
    • Section 1: Fighting Begins in the North
      • Even while Congress tried to make peace with Britain, fighting began in New England.
    • Peace or War?
      • At the 2 nd Continental Congress, the delegates tried to avoid war by sending King George the Olive Branch Petition.
      • The King refused and sent 20,000 troops to crush the rebellion.
    • Green Mountain Boys
      • Ethan Allen led an attack on Fort Ticonderoga in Vermont to steal cannons from the British.
    • What is and Who were “Patriots”?
      • Patriots : the colonists who favored war with the British.
      • What made someone a Patriot during the American Revolution?
      • What makes someone a Patriot today?
    • Opposing Sides…
      • Patriots
      • + Good with firearms , many owned their own.
      • + Strong leadership (George Washington)
      • + The will to defend their homes/property
      • + Knew the land well because they lived here
      • ---------------------------
      • - Lack of experience , not as organized
      • British
      • + Well trained and experienced
      • + Excellent Navy
      • + Had support of many colonists
      • ------------------------------
      • - Far from home (news and supplies)
      • - Did not know the land as well as their opposition.
    • Fight for Boston
      • Battle of Bunker Hill (Breed’s Hill)
      • June 16 th , 1775
      • Colonists first held Bunker Hill, but went to Breed’s Hill for better position.
      • 1200 Colonial Militia vs. 2400 British Regulars
      • After 3 attempts the British took Breed’s Hill (and Bunker Hill)
      • 1000 British and 400 Colonial casualties
    • Section 2: The Colonies Declare Independence
      • In July 1776, the colonies declared independence from Britain.
    • Common Sense by Thomas Paine
      • Common Sense was Paine’s attempt to break some colonists’ loyalty to Britain.
      • Stated that monarchy was wrong
      • Colonies did not “owe” anything to Britain
      • Staying under British control was bad for the colonies
    • Congress declares independence…
      • Hard decision for Congress… they would be traitors to England and executed.
      • Decided to have Thomas Jefferson draft a document that…
        • Declared the colonies “ free and independent states.”
        • Signed by the Continental Congress.
      • JULY 4, 1776
    • The Declaration of Independence Parts of the Declaration Preamble: An Introduction Natural Rights: Rights that belong to all people from birth Wrongs done by The King : Justification for the Revolution Colonies Declare Independence : A formal statement of independence
    • Section 3: Struggles in the Middle States
      • After a series of Patriot defeats, an American victory at Saratoga marked a major turning point in the Revolution
    • Battle of Long Island
      • British - General William Howe
      • Continentals – Gen. George Washington
      • Summer 1776 on Long Island, New York
        • British had a both land and sea forces and outnumbered the Americans by a lot.
        • Washington’s forces fought into the fall but kept losing ground.
        • A captured spy, Nathan Hale, said “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”
        • Washington suffered 1,400 casualties and had to retreat to Pennsylvania.
    • Battle of Trenton (Princeton)
      • British – General Charles Cornwallis
      • Continentals – Gen. George Washington
      • December 26, 1776 – January 2, 1777 in Trenton and Princeton, New Jersey
        • Washington crossed the Delaware river and ambushed Hessian Mercenaries at Trenton.
        • Cornwallis saw campfires at Princeton, but they were part of a trap set by Washington.
        • Victories gave Americans new hope .
    • Washington Crossing the Delaware
      • How is the picture inspirational?
      • How might it have inspired the colonials?
    • Battle of Saratoga
      • British – General John Burgoyne
      • Continentals – None listed (Green Mountain Boys were there)
      • October, 1777 at Saratoga, New York
        • Burgoyne recaptured Ft. Ticonderoga while trying to cut off New England from the other colonies.
        • Many British loses led to them being surrounded at Saratoga.
        • Burgoyne surrendered all his troops.
        • Considered the turning point in the Revolution
      • France was convinced to become America’s ally .
    • Camp at Valley Forge
    • Section 4: Fighting for Liberty on Many Fronts
      • During the Revolution, Americans fought for liberty on many fronts and in many ways.
    • Summary of 6.4
      • Women:
        • Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag.
        • Mary Ludwig Hayes (AKA “Molly Pitcher”) carried water to soldiers in battle.
      • African Americans:
        • Washington allowed eventually let free African-Americans fight.
        • The American Navy let A.A. join from the start.
        • Had many jobs including spies, drummers, and guides
        • Many runaway slaves join the British
      • The War on the Western Frontier:
        • Native Americans fought mostly with the British.
      • Fighting at Sea:
        • John Paul Jones captured the British ship Serapis .
    • Section 5: Winning the War in the South
      • After the British surrendered at Yorktown, Britain recognized the United States as an independent country .
    • Battle of Cowpens
      • British - General Charles Cornwallis
      • Continentals – Generals Nathanael Green and Daniel Morgan
      • January 1781 at Cowpens, South Carolina
        • Greene used local geography to gain an advantage .
        • Morgan used a false retreat to ambush the British lines.
        • “ Swamp Fox” Francis Marion used guerilla tactics.
        • Americans won, setting up an advance up to Yorktown.
    • Battle of Yorktown
      • British – General Charles Cornwallis
      • Continentals – Gen. George Washington
      • Spring through October 1781 in and around Yorktown, Virginia
        • The Americans surrounded the British on land, while the French surrounded them at sea, creating a siege (land) and blockade (water).
        • Without supplies, Cornwallis had to surrender.
        • Last major battle of the American Revolution.
    • Tying It All Together…
      • How did the untrained Continental Forces defeat the professional army and mercenaries of the British? (think of Rebels and Redcoats!)
      • What about the words “Patriotism” and “Morale”?