Making Open Access Work for Ireland: Geraldine Clement Stoneham - MRC


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The Royal Irish Academy and the Irish Research Council held a forum on Open Access in May 2013.

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Making Open Access Work for Ireland: Geraldine Clement Stoneham - MRC

  1. 1. Changing Models of Journal PublishingResearch Councils UKResearch Councils UKGeraldine Clement StonehamGeraldine
  2. 2. Challenges and SolutionsChallenges and SolutionsLicencesLicencesFundingFunding LicencesLicencesFundingFundingEmbargosEmbargos
  3. 3. Policy in a nut shellPolicy in a nut-shell• Authors are expected to publish in an RCUK‘Open Access compliant’ journal.• Journals comply by permitting either:– Gold with CC-BY; orGold with CC BY; or– Green, author’s accepted manuscript, 6/12 monthsembargo and non-commercial re-useembargo and non-commercial re-use.• If a journal offers both options:RCUK f i f G ld– RCUK preference is for Gold– the choice is with authors and their institutions.
  4. 4. Transparency requirementTransparency requirement• Acknowledgement of funding.• Statement on access to the underlying researchStatement on access to the underlying researchmaterials.• Helps support the transparency integrity and• Helps support the transparency, integrity androbustness of the research process.Science’s powerful capacity for self-correctioncomes from this openness to scrutiny and challenge.Science as an open enterpriseRoyal Society, June 2012.Royal Society, June 2012.
  5. 5. Transition to Open AccessTransition to Open Access• Working with the community to change the waythe outputs from Research Council funded workare made available.• Five year transition to 100% OA – flexibility inFive year transition to 100% OA flexibility inimplementation.A journey,not an event
  6. 6. FundingFunding£11.2B£11.2B
  7. 7. FundingFunding• Research Councils providing block grants toinstitutions to support payment of APCs.• Institutions must establish Publication Funds andthe processes and procedures for payment ofthe processes and procedures for payment ofAPCs.• Flexibility on spend & ‘light touch’ guidance• Flexibility on spend & light touch guidance.Use the money to bestydeliver the RCUK Policy
  8. 8. Size of the APC fundSize of the APC fund• How many publications?– Est. 26k per year, 90% HEI, 10% RC institutes.p y , ,• Average APC?Finch £1727 + VAT paid at 80% fEC = £1658;– Finch £1727 + VAT, paid at 80% fEC = £1658;• Five-year transition period.HEI publications Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5Est. % Gold 45% 53% 60% 67% 75%APC fund £17M £20M tbc tbc tbc
  9. 9. Distribution of APC fundDistribution of APC fund• Based on % share of direct labour fundingreceived over past 3 years (£1.5B)received over past 3 years (£1.5B)– DI Staff and DA Investigators• Russell Group & 1994 Group 37 HEIs 82%• Russell Group & 1994 Group – 37 HEIs, 82%• Cut off below £10k in year-5 (>99%)82 < 1%26 > 1%
  10. 10. LicencesLicences• Intellectual Property Rights – tools of public policyto support creativity and innovation.– But misused or misapplied can act to stifle thatwhich they seek to protect.y p• Research Councils & Wellcome Trust – want toensure maximum access to and reusability ofensure maximum access to and reusability ofpeer-reviewed research papers.– Clear consistent and open licences support thisClear, consistent and open licences support this.
  11. 11. Gold ‘CC BY’Gold – CC BY• ‘CC BY’ - Creative Commons ‘Attribution’ licence.– Allows maximum re-use of published researchppapers, provided authors are properlyacknowledged;– Removes ambiguity as to what reuse is, and is not,permissible, whilst protecting author’s moral rights;– Removes need to seek re-use permissions (exceptfor 3rd Party content) – thus supporting full text andy ) pp gdata mining;– APC covers publisher’s ‘lost’ revenue.p
  12. 12. Green non commercial re useGreen – non-commercial re-use• Policy – ‘journal must allow deposit …. withoutrestrictions on non-commercial re-use’.– Equates to ‘CC-BY-NC’ – though no specificlicence type specified;yp p– Publisher specific deposit licences (e.g. Nature) areacceptable provided they support the aims of thep p y pppolicy, and allow re-use including text and datamining;– Repository licences currently confused - restrictingreuse potential (e.g. Europe PMC).
  13. 13. CC BY ‘issues’CC BY issues• Some concerns that CC-BY not appropriate.– Loss of reprint revenue for some bio-medicalpjournals;– 3rd party rights holders may be unwilling to allowp y g y gtheir material to be included within papers licensedunder CC-BY;– Some communities have concerns around mis-attribution, mis-quoting, mis-context and plagiarism.q g p g• If there is evidence of problems, will reviewlicence requirements in 2014.licence requirements in 2014.
  14. 14. Green Embargo PeriodsGreen Embargo Periods• If journal does not offer a Gold option, mustprovide a short green embargo (6/12 months).• If journal offers Gold but author has no funding topay APCs, 12/24 months green embargo ispay APCs, 12/24 months green embargo isacceptable.• Some journals consider longer embargos (e g 36• Some journals consider longer embargos (e.g. 36months) necessary – proposing long article half-life requires long embargo periodlife requires long embargo period.• Is a long embargo really open access?How long should a user have to wait?How long should a user have to wait?
  15. 15. Supporting the TransitionSupporting the Transition• Working with Sherpa-Romeo, JISC and WellcomeTrust to develop journal compliance web site.• Working with the RIN on ‘best practice’ project todevelop protocols between HEIs.develop protocols between HEIs.• Plans to facilitate workshop for Learned Societiesto share ‘best practice’ in OA publishingto share best practice in OA publishing.• Revised guidance and information on transitionflexibility published 8 Aprilflexibility - published 8 April.• Working with international partners (e.g. ScienceE )Europe)
  16. 16. In summaryIn summary• Few dispute benefits of Open Access.• RCUK see a transition of 5 years – and areRCUK see a transition of 5 years and aresupporting flexibility of implementation during this.• Initial evidence based review in 2014• Initial evidence based review in 2014.A journey,not an event
  17. 17. Further informationFurther information• RCUK Policy• RCUK BlogsRCUK Blogs• Finch Group report content/uploads/2012/06/Finch Group report FINALVERSION.pdf• Royal Society Report public enterprise/report/• Sherpa/Fact (beta) i E P i i l f th T iti t O A t• Science Europe Principles for the Transition to Open Access toResearch Publications