Relationship Management <ul><li>A crisis is not the time to build relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>“ When a sudden event o...
The Time to Build Relationships  is NOW <ul><li>An organization must have solid communications programming, outreach effor...
Dialogue + Give & Take = Relationships <ul><li>“ A continuing dialogue with publics marked by a give-and-take between both...
Stakeholders <ul><li>Stakeholders, or key publics, are people/groups of people who have an interest in the organization an...
Broad Categories of Stakeholders <ul><li>Four Corners of the Stakeholder Matrix  (Cooper, 2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inte...
Internal Stakeholders <ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Retirees/Pension holders </li></ul><ul><li>Shareholders </li></u...
External Stakeholders <ul><li>Customers/Citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy Groups </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Effectively an external stakeholder. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the community at large requires special considerat...
Media <ul><li>Mainstream media </li></ul><ul><li>Community newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen journalists (ie. bloggers)...
Other Communications Professionals <ul><li>Consider the communications representatives from agencies with whom you regular...
Stakeholder Considerations in a Crisis <ul><li>Which groups have a stake in the issue? </li></ul><ul><li>What is their att...
Stakeholder Communications  in a Crisis <ul><li>How will you reach your stakeholders affected by the crisis? </li></ul><ul...
In a crisis, is one group of stakeholders more important than the others?
The Answer to the Great Debate <ul><li>It’s not necessarily that one group of stakeholders is more important than the othe...
Employees are your Ambassadors <ul><li>They need to know about the crisis, your organizational response and your position ...
Employees as the Priority http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nD5GWmmwVzk
References <ul><li>Cooper, J. (2006).  Crisis communications in Canada: A practical approach . Toronto: Centennial College...
Concluding Thoughts <ul><li>Final questions or discussion points? </li></ul><ul><li>Think critically about what we learned...
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Relationship management in a crisis PBRL 4019

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Overview of relationship management in a crisis for undergraduate public relations students.

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Relationship management in a crisis PBRL 4019

  1. 2. Relationship Management <ul><li>A crisis is not the time to build relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>“ When a sudden event occurs there will no time to identify all the people who need to be informed about what happened, how it happened and what is being done about it” (Ruff & Aziz, 2003, p.13). </li></ul>
  2. 3. The Time to Build Relationships is NOW <ul><li>An organization must have solid communications programming, outreach efforts and relationships in place with stakeholders prior to a crisis occurring. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong relationships with stakeholders will help to ensure their goodwill in a crisis (Thenell, 2004). </li></ul>
  3. 4. Dialogue + Give & Take = Relationships <ul><li>“ A continuing dialogue with publics marked by a give-and-take between both sides helps to build strong relationships, eliminates the gulf between the organization and its stakeholders, and makes the stakeholders feel like an integral part of the organization” (Kathleen Fearn-Banks, 2001, p. 482). </li></ul>
  4. 5. Stakeholders <ul><li>Stakeholders, or key publics, are people/groups of people who have an interest in the organization and are affected by organizational decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Before a crisis, it is integral to : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identify your stakeholders through research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>segment them, which further “defines and categorizes them into manageable and reachable bodies of people for ongoing communication” (Fearn-Banks, 2001, p. 482). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rank them according to importance. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Broad Categories of Stakeholders <ul><li>Four Corners of the Stakeholder Matrix (Cooper, 2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal Stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community at Large </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Communications Professionals </li></ul>
  6. 7. Internal Stakeholders <ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Retirees/Pension holders </li></ul><ul><li>Shareholders </li></ul><ul><li>Union(s) representing employees </li></ul><ul><li>Employees’ families </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Legal representation </li></ul>
  7. 8. External Stakeholders <ul><li>Customers/Citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Shareholders </li></ul><ul><li>Board Members </li></ul><ul><li>Lawmakers/Regulators </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Partners </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers/distributors </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbouring businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Industry/business organizations that your organization belongs to </li></ul><ul><li>Political Adversaries </li></ul><ul><li>Competitors </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidiary heads </li></ul><ul><li>Analysts </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted from Dougherty, 1992 </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Effectively an external stakeholder. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the community at large requires special consideration during a crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong community relations and outreach is paramount. </li></ul><ul><li>A crisis can deeply impact a community. </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted from Cooper, 2006 </li></ul>The Community at Large
  9. 10. Media <ul><li>Mainstream media </li></ul><ul><li>Community newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen journalists (ie. bloggers) </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Industry publications </li></ul>
  10. 11. Other Communications Professionals <ul><li>Consider the communications representatives from agencies with whom you regularly do business and who may be directly or indirectly impacted by a crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>You do not want to be introducing yourself to your counterparts in the midst of a crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>Build your relationships with this key group well before a crisis. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Stakeholder Considerations in a Crisis <ul><li>Which groups have a stake in the issue? </li></ul><ul><li>What is their attitude towards your organization? </li></ul><ul><li>Who needs to be persuaded and is open enough to listen? </li></ul><ul><li>Who has the power to really hurt you? </li></ul><ul><li>McLoughlin, 1999, p. 20 </li></ul>
  12. 13. Stakeholder Communications in a Crisis <ul><li>How will you reach your stakeholders affected by the crisis? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you rely on your already well-established communications programming? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you have to devise new communications methods? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you able to reach out to them directly? If so, how? </li></ul>
  13. 14. In a crisis, is one group of stakeholders more important than the others?
  14. 15. The Answer to the Great Debate <ul><li>It’s not necessarily that one group of stakeholders is more important than the others. </li></ul><ul><li>PR professionals/crisis managers must prioritize their stakeholders based on the crisis at hand, and consider who needs to know what first. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Employees are your Ambassadors <ul><li>They need to know about the crisis, your organizational response and your position before anyone else. </li></ul><ul><li>External stakeholders will look to your employees for answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Employees also need to be accounted for in dire circumstances (ie. Air Canada employees in New York during 9/11). </li></ul>
  16. 17. Employees as the Priority http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nD5GWmmwVzk
  17. 18. References <ul><li>Cooper, J. (2006). Crisis communications in Canada: A practical approach . Toronto: Centennial College Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Dougherty, D. (1992). Crisis communications : What every executive needs to know . New York: Walker. </li></ul><ul><li>Fearn-Banks, K. (2001). Crisis communication: A review of some best practices. In Heath, R. L., & Vasquez, G. (2001). Handbook of public relations . (pp. 479-500). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. </li></ul><ul><li>McLoughlin, B. J. (1999). Barry McLoughlin's overcoming panic and fear: Risk and crisis communications . Ottawa: McLoughlin Multimedia Publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ruff, P., & Aziz, K. (2003). Managing communications in a crisis . Burlington, Vt.: Gower. </li></ul><ul><li>Thenell, J., & Ebooks Corporation. (2004). The library's crisis communications planner: A PR guide for handling every emergency . Chicago: ALA Editions. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Concluding Thoughts <ul><li>Final questions or discussion points? </li></ul><ul><li>Think critically about what we learned today and how you will apply this information and your newfound knowledge in the live blog on Thursday. </li></ul>

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