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English 104:  Quotations and Citations
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English 104: Quotations and Citations

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Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

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  • 1. Quotations and Citations
  • 2.  To avoid plagiarism  So the reader knows where you’re getting your information  So the reader can consult your sources for further research
  • 3.  MLA: Modern Language Association ◦ Citation style developed by the Modern Language Association of America, an organization dedicated to scholarship, research, and teaching, particularly of language and literature ◦ www.mla.org
  • 4.  A list of all the sources you have cited in the text of your paper  Listed alphabetically  Double-spaced, with the second and subsequent lines indented for each entry
  • 5.  Provide in-text citations for all direct quotes and paraphrases.  Purpose: so the reader can find the full listing of the source of the quote/paraphrase in the Works Cited page
  • 6.  The author-page style ◦ Use only the author’s last name in the citation followed by the page number:  Example: Our reality is formed by words, for “our primary world of reality is a verbal one” (Langer 778). ◦ If the author is mentioned in the sentence, then include only the page number of the text:  Example: Langer says, “The fact is that our primary world of reality is a verbal one” (778).  Note that the citation and the period come after the closing quotation mark.
  • 7.  Non-print sources (ex. from the internet, speeches, presentations) ◦ Include the first item from the corresponding Works Cited entry (ex. author name, article name, website name, etc.) ◦ Do not include the URL of a website, as many URLs change over time ◦ Do not include page numbers, as there are none
  • 8.  Example: ◦ Our reality is formed by words, for “our primary world of reality is a verbal one” (Langer 778). Verbal language is an integral aspect of the world of humanity. It is a powerful tool that “allows you to implant a thought from your mind directly into someone else’s mind” (Pagel). ◦ Works Cited: Langer, Susanne. “Language.” A World of Ideas: Essential Readings for College Writers. 9th ed. Ed. Lee A. Jacobus. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013. 768-781. Print. Pagel, Mark. “How Language Transformed Humanity.” TEDGlobal. Edinburgh International Conference Center, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. 13 Jul 2011. Conference Presentation.
  • 9.  For more information, consult the Purdue OWL website: ◦ https://owl.english.purdue.edu/  ‘MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide’ link at right  MLA Vidcast series:
  • 10.  For more information, consult the Purdue OWL website: ◦ https://owl.english.purdue.edu/  ‘MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide’ link at right  MLA Vidcast series: