Fallacies of ArgumentFallacies of Argument
When examining another’s argument,
look for fallacies:
◦ Fallacies of emotional argument
◦ Fallacies of ethical argument
◦ Fallacies of logical argument
Try to avoid fallacies in your own work.
• Anticipate accusations of fallacies from
opponents and address the
counterarguments in your writing.
Fallacies of Emotional ArgumentFallacies of Emotional Argument
◦ Exaggerating possible dangers beyond their
◦ Reducing complicated issues to only two options,
one obviously preferable to the other
◦ Exaggerating the likely consequences of an action
◦ Also a form of scare tactic
◦ Urge people to follow the same path everyone
else is taking
Fallacies of Ethical ArgumentFallacies of Ethical Argument
Appeals to false authority
◦ Relying on disreputable sources
◦ Implying that no arguments are necessary and
the truth is self-evident
◦ Attacking the character of a person rather
than their claims
Fallacies of Logical ArgumentFallacies of Logical Argument
◦ Inference drawn from insufficient evidence
◦ Faulty assumption that because one event follows
another, the first causes the second
◦ Argument whose claims, reasons, or warrants
don’t connect logically
◦ Inaccurate comparisons between objects or
Fallacies of Argument individual
◦ Without consulting external sources, such as your
textbook, complete the worksheet individually;
however, your score may contribute towards your
Works CitedWorks Cited
Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz, and
Keith Walters. Everything’s an Argument with
ed. New York: Bedford/St.
Martin’s, 2013. Print.
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