English 104: Fallacies of Argument

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Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

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  • 1. English 104English 104 Fallacies of Argument
  • 2. Fallacies of ArgumentFallacies of Argument When examining another’s argument, look for fallacies: ◦ Fallacies of emotional argument ◦ Fallacies of ethical argument ◦ Fallacies of logical argument Try to avoid fallacies in your own work. • Anticipate accusations of fallacies from opponents and address the counterarguments in your writing.
  • 3. Fallacies of Emotional ArgumentFallacies of Emotional Argument Scare tactics ◦ Exaggerating possible dangers beyond their statistical likelihood Either-Or Choices ◦ Reducing complicated issues to only two options, one obviously preferable to the other Slippery Slope ◦ Exaggerating the likely consequences of an action ◦ Also a form of scare tactic Bandwagon Appeals ◦ Urge people to follow the same path everyone else is taking
  • 4. Fallacies of Ethical ArgumentFallacies of Ethical Argument Appeals to false authority ◦ Relying on disreputable sources Dogmatism ◦ Implying that no arguments are necessary and the truth is self-evident Ad Hominem ◦ Attacking the character of a person rather than their claims
  • 5. Fallacies of Logical ArgumentFallacies of Logical Argument Hasty Generalization ◦ Inference drawn from insufficient evidence Faulty Causality ◦ Faulty assumption that because one event follows another, the first causes the second Non Sequitur ◦ Argument whose claims, reasons, or warrants don’t connect logically Faulty Analogy ◦ Inaccurate comparisons between objects or concepts
  • 6. ActivityActivity Fallacies of Argument individual worksheet ◦ Without consulting external sources, such as your textbook, complete the worksheet individually; however, your score will contribute towards your group’s points.
  • 7. Works CitedWorks Cited Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz, and Keith Walters. Everything’s an Argument with Readings. 6th ed. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013. Print.