English 104English 104
Fallacies of Argument
Fallacies of ArgumentFallacies of Argument
When examining another’s argument,
look for fallacies:
◦ Fallacies of emotiona...
Fallacies of Emotional ArgumentFallacies of Emotional Argument
Scare tactics
◦ Exaggerating possible dangers beyond their...
Fallacies of Ethical ArgumentFallacies of Ethical Argument
Appeals to false authority
◦ Relying on disreputable sources
...
Fallacies of Logical ArgumentFallacies of Logical Argument
Hasty Generalization
◦ Inference drawn from insufficient evide...
ActivityActivity
Fallacies of Argument individual
worksheet
◦ Without consulting external sources, such as your
textbook,...
Works CitedWorks Cited
Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz, and
Keith Walters. Everything’s an Argument with
Readings...
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English 104: Fallacies of Argument

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Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

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English 104: Fallacies of Argument

  1. 1. English 104English 104 Fallacies of Argument
  2. 2. Fallacies of ArgumentFallacies of Argument When examining another’s argument, look for fallacies: ◦ Fallacies of emotional argument ◦ Fallacies of ethical argument ◦ Fallacies of logical argument Try to avoid fallacies in your own work. • Anticipate accusations of fallacies from opponents and address the counterarguments in your writing.
  3. 3. Fallacies of Emotional ArgumentFallacies of Emotional Argument Scare tactics ◦ Exaggerating possible dangers beyond their statistical likelihood Either-Or Choices ◦ Reducing complicated issues to only two options, one obviously preferable to the other Slippery Slope ◦ Exaggerating the likely consequences of an action ◦ Also a form of scare tactic Bandwagon Appeals ◦ Urge people to follow the same path everyone else is taking
  4. 4. Fallacies of Ethical ArgumentFallacies of Ethical Argument Appeals to false authority ◦ Relying on disreputable sources Dogmatism ◦ Implying that no arguments are necessary and the truth is self-evident Ad Hominem ◦ Attacking the character of a person rather than their claims
  5. 5. Fallacies of Logical ArgumentFallacies of Logical Argument Hasty Generalization ◦ Inference drawn from insufficient evidence Faulty Causality ◦ Faulty assumption that because one event follows another, the first causes the second Non Sequitur ◦ Argument whose claims, reasons, or warrants don’t connect logically Faulty Analogy ◦ Inaccurate comparisons between objects or concepts
  6. 6. ActivityActivity Fallacies of Argument individual worksheet ◦ Without consulting external sources, such as your textbook, complete the worksheet individually; however, your score may contribute towards your group’s points.
  7. 7. Works CitedWorks Cited Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz, and Keith Walters. Everything’s an Argument with Readings. 6th ed. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013. Print.
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