English 104:  Fallacies of Argument
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English 104: Fallacies of Argument

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Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

Presentation delivered to the English 104 class at Victor Valley College.

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English 104: Fallacies of Argument Presentation Transcript

  • 1. EEnngglliisshh 110044 Fallacies of Argument
  • 2. FFaallllaacciieess ooff AArrgguummeenntt When examining another’s argument, look for fallacies: ◦ Fallacies of emotional argument ◦ Fallacies of ethical argument ◦ Fallacies of logical argument Try to avoid fallacies in your own work. • Anticipate accusations of fallacies from opponents and address the counterarguments in your writing.
  • 3. FFaallllaacciieess ooff EEmmoottiioonnaall AArrgguummeenntt Scare tactics ◦ Exaggerating possible dangers beyond their statistical likelihood Either-Or Choices ◦ Reducing complicated issues to only two options, one obviously preferable to the other Slippery Slope ◦ Exaggerating the likely consequences of an action ◦ Also a form of scare tactic Bandwagon Appeals ◦ Urge people to follow the same path everyone else is taking
  • 4. FFaallllaacciieess ooff EEtthhiiccaall AArrgguummeenntt Appeals to false authority ◦ Relying on disreputable sources Dogmatism ◦ Implying that no arguments are necessary and the truth is self-evident Ad Hominem ◦ Attacking the character of a person rather than their claims
  • 5. FFaallllaacciieess ooff LLooggiiccaall AArrgguummeenntt Hasty Generalization ◦ Inference drawn from insufficient evidence Faulty Causality ◦ Faulty assumption that because one event follows another, the first causes the second Non Sequitur ◦ Argument whose claims, reasons, or warrants don’t connect logically Faulty Analogy ◦ Inaccurate comparisons between objects or concepts
  • 6. AAccttiivviittyy Fallacies of Argument individual worksheet ◦ Without consulting external sources, such as your textbook, complete the worksheet individually; however, your score will contribute towards your group’s points.
  • 7. AAccttiivviittyy Fallacies of Argument individual worksheet ◦ Without consulting external sources, such as your textbook, complete the worksheet individually; however, your score will contribute towards your group’s points.