The Immigrants of Singapore

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The Immigrants of Singapore

  1. 1. chapter three What part did the different immigrant communities play in Singapore’s development?
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives <ul><li>Why the Immigrants came </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions of the Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Social Impact of the Immigrants on Singapore </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who were they? <ul><li>Majority were men who did not come with the intention of staying in the long term. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the Chinese and Indians hoped to save enough money here so that they could return home richer. </li></ul><ul><li>However, a considerable number changed their minds and decided to settle down. </li></ul><ul><li>Some brought their family over, others married locals. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why they came: Pull factors <ul><li>The British practiced a free immigration policy </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore was a free port – Traders did not have to pay for custom duties or taxes on goods </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous business prospects and job opportunities attracted them. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore was seen as peaceful compared to the neighbouring countries </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why they came: Push factors <ul><li>Unfavourable conditions in their homeland. (Eg, war, natural disasters) </li></ul><ul><li>The need to earn money for their families </li></ul>
  6. 7. Contributions of the immigrants <ul><li>#1 Building the Settlement </li></ul><ul><li>#2 Promoting Trade </li></ul><ul><li>#3 Working for the Government </li></ul><ul><li>#4 Serving the community </li></ul>
  7. 8. #1 Building the settlement <ul><li>Chinese coolies and Indian labourers were employed to clear the jungle areas for plantation purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>They worked long hours under the sun and received very low pay. </li></ul><ul><li>European officials helped to plan and develop the town. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, George Coleman, overall-in-charge of public works </li></ul>
  8. 9. #2 Promoting Trade <ul><li>Entrepot trade: Imported goods that were brought into Singapore were then sold or re-exported to other countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Malay traders brought Straits produce to Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, Hajjah Fatimah </li></ul><ul><li>European businessmen like Alexander Guthrie brought goods made in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>These people made Singapore a more attractive trading centre and helped to increase Singapore’s trade. </li></ul>
  9. 10. #2 Promoting Trade <ul><li>Chinese traders acted as middlemen who could speak the local dialects, Malay and English. </li></ul><ul><li>European traders brought capital for business. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Chettiars played an important role in money lending. </li></ul><ul><li>Coolies worked as labourers and contributed to the development of trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Other immigrants met basic needs of traders and settlers by providing goods and services. </li></ul>
  10. 11. #3 Working for the government <ul><li>Both Europeans and Asians helped in the administration. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who could read and write English worked as clerks and office attendants. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, Syed Mohammed bin Ahmed Alsagoff – Justice of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, P. Govindasamy Pillai - Justice of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>Many Sikhs worked as policemen to keep law and order. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Social problems in Singapore <ul><li>The immigrants who were less well off, suffered from diseases </li></ul><ul><li>It was a common sight to see such immigrants lying on the road with sores on them, too weak to move. Even after their death, their bodies were left on the roads. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a prevalence of crime and social vices in the settlement. </li></ul><ul><li>Common crimes committed by immigrants – slave trade, abuse of coolies, secret societies </li></ul><ul><li>Social vices – gambling, prostitution, opium smoking </li></ul>
  12. 13. #4 Serving the community <ul><li>Spurred on by the need to help the less fortunate, people from various races, particularly the wealthier businessmen stepped up to improve the lives of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, Tan Tock Seng funded the building of a hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, Thong Cai Medical Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, Govindasamy Pillay built Hindu temples and started a small school for Indian children. </li></ul>
  13. 14. #4 Serving the community <ul><li>They ensured that basic education was provided for some people in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian missionaries from the West came and established schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, St Margaret’s School aimed to save girls from slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>They spent money to ensure the poor had proper burials. </li></ul><ul><li>They contributed generously to provide facilities and services for the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg, Syed Ali bin Mohammed Aljunied helped construct 4 community wells </li></ul>

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