Ethics and Values
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ
from one body to another or from a donor site to
another location on the patient's own body, for
the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged
or absent organ.
Organ donation refers to the act of donating an
organ by a person (donor) to a patient.
Organ donors may be living, or brain dead.
Why is Organ donation a
● Saves lives which are the most precious and
priceless thing in the whole world
● Great service
● Makes life after death possible
● Breaks away all kinds of discrimination
● Demand for organs is growing day by day
● A single donor can save more than one life.
● A donor can have normal life even after the
● People who are certified brain dead are capable of
donating many body parts
● Organs can be donated after death and can be
● Potential donors are easy to find
● Religious reasons
● Family beliefs
● Donors are scared of their own health
Facts and statistics
● Donors can be of any age
● Less than 2% of people experience death in a
manner to make organ donation medically viable.
● Around 90,000 people are waiting for organ
donations every month, and roughly 20 people a
month die who could otherwise have been saved by
● Kidneys, lungs, heart, skin, pancreas liver, eyes and
intestines can all be donated.
● Around 95% of eye donations enable the receiver
to see again.
● On a yearly basis, nearly two lakh Indians require
● Nearly three million Indians have lost their life
● Australia has 11 organ donors per million, Britain
has 27, Canada has 14, Spain has 35.1 donors, USA
has 26 donors per million.
● India's statistics is at 0.08 donors per million
● There are 76% willing eye donors but less than 50%
solid organ donors
● In the last 6 years 35 hospitals in the country have
undertaken cadaver transplant.
● Only 3000 kidneys are donated per year while the
required number is about 2 lakh.
Acts and Laws
● Opt in and Opt out
● Transplantation of Human Organ Act (1994)
● Organ selling is legally banned
● Brain death
● First relative donors
● The act of obtaining consent
● Unrelated donors
● Bioethical issues
● Deontological issues (patient autonomy,living
wills and guardianships)
● Teleological issues (transplant tourism , organ
theft, black market, exploitation)
● Brain death patients
● Political issues
● Religious issues
● Dispel myths and misconceptions about
● Avoid exploitation and misuse of organ
● Carry a donor card
“Don't think of organ donations as giving up part of
yourself to keep a total stranger alive. It's really a total
stranger giving up almost all of themselves to keep part
of you alive.”
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