Organ donation


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Organ donation

  1. 1. ORGAN DONATION HUM 121 Ethics and Values Presentation By P.A.Theofilla Paul 11MSE0130
  2. 2. Organ donation Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. Organ donation refers to the act of donating an organ by a person (donor) to a patient. Organ donors may be living, or brain dead.
  3. 3. Why is Organ donation a necessity? ● Saves lives which are the most precious and priceless thing in the whole world ● Great service ● Makes life after death possible ● Breaks away all kinds of discrimination ● Demand for organs is growing day by day worldwide
  4. 4. Pros ● A single donor can save more than one life. ● A donor can have normal life even after the transplant ● People who are certified brain dead are capable of donating many body parts ● Organs can be donated after death and can be 'banked' ● Potential donors are easy to find
  5. 5. Cons ● Religious reasons ● Family beliefs ● Misconceptions ● Donors are scared of their own health
  6. 6. Facts and statistics ● Donors can be of any age ● Less than 2% of people experience death in a manner to make organ donation medically viable. ● Around 90,000 people are waiting for organ donations every month, and roughly 20 people a month die who could otherwise have been saved by available organs. ● Kidneys, lungs, heart, skin, pancreas liver, eyes and intestines can all be donated.
  7. 7. ● Around 95% of eye donations enable the receiver to see again. ● On a yearly basis, nearly two lakh Indians require organ transplants. ● Nearly three million Indians have lost their life already. ● Australia has 11 organ donors per million, Britain has 27, Canada has 14, Spain has 35.1 donors, USA has 26 donors per million. ● India's statistics is at 0.08 donors per million population.
  8. 8. ● There are 76% willing eye donors but less than 50% solid organ donors ● In the last 6 years 35 hospitals in the country have undertaken cadaver transplant. ● Only 3000 kidneys are donated per year while the required number is about 2 lakh.
  9. 9. Acts and Laws ● Opt in and Opt out ● Transplantation of Human Organ Act (1994) ● Organ selling is legally banned ● Brain death ● First relative donors ● The act of obtaining consent ● Unrelated donors
  10. 10. Ethical issues ● Bioethical issues ● Deontological issues (patient autonomy,living wills and guardianships) ● Teleological issues (transplant tourism , organ theft, black market, exploitation) ● Brain death patients ● Political issues ● Religious issues
  11. 11. Awareness ● Dispel myths and misconceptions about organ donation ● Avoid exploitation and misuse of organ donations ● Carry a donor card
  12. 12. “Don't think of organ donations as giving up part of yourself to keep a total stranger alive. It's really a total stranger giving up almost all of themselves to keep part of you alive.” THANK YOU