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M5activity

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Transcript

  • 1. Semicolons Correct and incorrect use
  • 2. What is a semicolon? A semicolon looks like this - ; Semicolons have only one job. They connect two independent clauses that are closely related. Use a semicolon when you really want to use a comma but know that you should use a period. Example: Susan enjoys running; she runs more than five miles each day.
  • 3. Concepts to Review Independent and Dependent Clauses Independent Clause: has a subject and verb and can stand alone as a sentence Dependent clause: does not have a subject and verb and cannot stand alone as a sentence Subjects and Verbs Subject: noun or pronoun that functions as the main “actor” in the sentence. Verb: action or state-of-being word, describes what the subject does Diagramming – when in doubt about a clause, diagram it!
  • 4. Correct or Incorrect? For each of the following sentences, choose choice A on your iClicker if you believe the sentence is punctuated correctly. Choose choice B on your iClicker if you believe the sentence is punctuated incorrectly. Remember, a semicolon joins two closely related independent clauses.
  • 5. Sentence #1 The little girl with big brown eyes and a purple bow in her hair; she walked her puppy named Macy around the neighborhood.
  • 6. Sentence #1 Incorrect! Why? “The little girl with big brown eyes and a purple bow in her hair” is a dependent clause. There is no verb! girl (subject) (verb) ??
  • 7. Sentence #2 Tommy and Timmy are great baseball players; they both made the varsity team during their freshman year.
  • 8. Sentence #2 Correct! Why? The semicolon joins two independent clauses.
  • 9. Sentence #3 You have a paper due on Thursday; make sure that you start it soon!
  • 10. Sentence #3 Correct! Why? The semicolon joins two independent clauses.
  • 11. Sentence #4 We read the play Romeo and Juliet in class last month; I thought it was romantic, but Jude thought it was boring.
  • 12. Sentence #4 Correct! Why? The semicolon joins two independent clauses. Remember: two independent clauses can also be joined with a comma and conjunction. This sentence had both; don’t let it confuse you!
  • 13. Sentence #5 Even though Kelly is excited to start 10th grade soon; she is also a bit nervous.
  • 14. Sentence #5 Incorrect! Why? “Even though Kelly is excited to start 10th grade soon” is not an independent clause. It has a subject and verb, but it cannot stand alone as a sentence. It is an introductory clause.