A PROMISING STRATEGY FOR
           HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT



                      S.K. Pattanayak
            Joint Se...
Horticulture crops covers a wide spectrum:


   LONG GESTATION CROPS   LOW GESTATION CROPS
   Fruits                 Veget...
India’s position in the world

    Second position in the prod. of fruits & veg.
     in the world
    1st in the prod. ...
HORTICULTURE IN INDIAN
               CONTEXT
• Agro-climatic conditions permit cultivation of all types of
   horticultur...
Constraints facing Horticulture Sector

    Fragmentation of land holdings
    Large area under old/ senile plantations
...
AREA & PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURE CROPS


                   250
                                                         ...
ALLOCATION FOR HORTICULTURE

                        20000.0
    AMOUNT (RS.CRORE)




                                   ...
SCHEMES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT
                 OF HORTICULTURE

     Technology Mission for Horticulture Development
     L...
Planting         Area
                    Material       Expansion
      Market                                   Rejuvena...
State-wise details of Districts included under NHM
           Name of State/UT    Total No. of       No. of Districts   No...
Fruit Clusters under NHM
    S.No.       Name of Crop    No. of States in   No. of Districts covered   No. of clusters
   ...
Fruit Clusters- Key to Success


  Mango has maximum coverage in 203
   Districts, in 31 clusters in all 18 States

  Ba...
Impact– Case Study of Production &
           Productivity of Banana in Karnataka
►    Out of 27 Districts in Karnataka, N...
Other Models– Citrus in Haryana, M&A
Plants in Chhattisgarh

 Development of citrus in conjunction with
  community tanks...
Plantation linked with drip irrigation




07/08/09
Community tanks




07/08/09
Citrus plantation at Sirsa, Haryana




07/08/09
CITRUS PLANTATION




07/08/09
Intercropping of Aonla (maincrop) and Jamarosa (Intercrop)




07/08/09
Organic Farming

► NHM   envisages promotion of clusters for
  organic farming certification
► So far, 1,10,000 ha has bee...
Primary Processing
 Setting up of primary processing facilities for grapes
  in Maharashtra and for grapes & cashew in
  ...
GRAPE DEHYDRATION UNITS




07/08/09
Focus for PHM & Market Infrastructure
   So far, 1109 pack houses have been set up, mainly in
    the States of AP, Karna...
NHM assisted Cold Chain Facility project by KAPPEC in Bijapur




07/08/09
Sapota Pack House, Maharashtra




      Harvesting and Transportation               Pack House




 07/08/09
Washing and ...
Key to Success


 Production and supply of good quality planting
material of right variety in appropriate quantity.
 Man...
07/08/09
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Hort.Development 6.6.09

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Hort.Development 6.6.09

  1. 1. A PROMISING STRATEGY FOR HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT S.K. Pattanayak Joint Secretary & Mission Director National Horticulture Mission New Delhi 07/08/09
  2. 2. Horticulture crops covers a wide spectrum: LONG GESTATION CROPS LOW GESTATION CROPS Fruits Vegetables Tree Spices Flowers Coconut Seed Spices Cashew Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Cocoa Medicinal trees Mostly high value low volume crops 07/08/09
  3. 3. India’s position in the world  Second position in the prod. of fruits & veg. in the world  1st in the prod. of banana, litchi, mango, pomegranate, cashew, arecanut & papaya  2nd in the prod. of lime, onion, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, pea, tomato & okra  3rd in potato & coconut 07/08/09
  4. 4. HORTICULTURE IN INDIAN CONTEXT • Agro-climatic conditions permit cultivation of all types of horticulture crops • Contributes about 28% of GDP in agriculture from 13% of area • Contributes about 37% of exports in agriculture An ideal means for diversification in agriculture • Multi-tier cropping possible, thus enhancing returns per unit of area • Highest productivity in Grapes • Higher productivity in Banana and Sapota compared to World Average • Low productivity in Citrus Mango, Apple, Guava and Pineapple • Has potential for enhancing growth rate 07/08/09
  5. 5. Constraints facing Horticulture Sector  Fragmentation of land holdings  Large area under old/ senile plantations  Poor quality of seeds/ planting material and low rate of replacement of seeds/ cultivars  Poor water management  Economy of scales lacking  Inadequate storage and cold chain  High wastages of the produce (8-37%)  Only 0.8% of produce is processed (as against 83% in Malaysia, 80% in South Africa, 65% in USA, 30% in Thailand, 23% in China)  Inadequate processing and marketing infrastructure
  6. 6. AREA & PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURE CROPS 250 192.2 202.7 182.8 200 166.9 Area/Prod 150 100 50 18.4 18.7 19.2 20.1 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 YEAR Area (M.Ha.) Production (M.MT) 07/08/09
  7. 7. ALLOCATION FOR HORTICULTURE 20000.0 AMOUNT (RS.CRORE) 15800.0 15000.0 10000.0 5000.0 5025.0 789.0 24.2 1453.6 0.0 7th Plan 8th Plan 9th Plan 10th Plan 11th Plan PLAN PERIOD 07/08/09
  8. 8. SCHEMES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HORTICULTURE Technology Mission for Horticulture Development Launched in 2001-02, extended to HP, J&K and Uttarakhand in 2003-04 National Horticulture Mission (NHM) – Launched in 2005-06 National Bamboo Mission in 2006-07 Schemes of National Horticulture Board 07/08/09 Schemes of Coconut Development Board
  9. 9. Planting Area Material Expansion Market Rejuvenation PHM Mission Interventions Protected Cultivation HRD Water resource Development Pollination Support Organic INM/IPM Farming 07/08/09
  10. 10. State-wise details of Districts included under NHM Name of State/UT Total No. of No. of Districts No. of Crops Total clusters Sl.N Districts in the included till covered o. State 2008-09 1 Andhra Pradesh 23 20 10 4 2 Bihar 38 23 5 4 3 Chattisgarh 16 11 11 3 4 Goa 2 2 12 4 5 Gujarat 25 15 10 4 6 Haryana 20 17 9 4 7 Jharkhand 23 16 17 4 8 Karnataka 31 23 11 6 9 Kerala 14 12 10 2 10 Madhya Pradesh 48 30 8 3 11 Maharashtra 33 33 11 4 12 Orissa 30 24 6 4 13 Punjab 21 16 10 3 14 Rajasthan 33 24 10 3 15 Tamil Nadu 29 20 6 5 16 Uttar Pradesh 72 40 15 4 17 West Bengal 18 14 9 4 18 Delhi 1 1 4 1 19 Lakshadweep 1 1 1 07/08/09 20 Andaman & Nicobar 2 2 2 Total 480 344 66
  11. 11. Fruit Clusters under NHM S.No. Name of Crop No. of States in No. of Districts covered No. of clusters which promoted 1 Aonla 13 140 20 2 Bael 2 16 2 3 Banana 13 153 22 4 Ber 6 45 6 5 Citrus 14 125 14 6 Custard Apple 2 35 5 7 Date Palm 1 1 1 8 Fig 2 6 2 9 Grape 3 32 5 10 Guava 11 135 17 11 Jack fruit 1 1 1 12 Litchi 7 39 10 13 Mango 18 203 31 14 Papaya 7 60 12 15 Peach 1 8 1 16 Pear 1 8 1 17 Pineapple 5 26 7 18 Pomegranate 6 48 9 19 Sapota 6 43 8 07/08/0920 Strawberry 1 9 1
  12. 12. Fruit Clusters- Key to Success  Mango has maximum coverage in 203 Districts, in 31 clusters in all 18 States  Banana has the second largest coverage in 153 Districts, 22 clusters in 13 States  Aonla has emerged as a potential crop being covered in 140 Districts, 20 clusters in 13 States  Citrus and Guava also being covered extensively
  13. 13. Impact– Case Study of Production & Productivity of Banana in Karnataka ► Out of 27 Districts in Karnataka, NHM being implemented in 21 Districts. ► Banana being cultivated in all 27 Districts. However, included for development in 10 Districts ► Comparison of data for 2007-08 w.r.t 2004-05 indicate that:  Area in NHM Districts has increased by 17%  Production increased by 34%  Productivity increased by 10% ► Production & productivity has marginally increased in NHM Districts where banana was not a focus crop 07/08/09
  14. 14. Other Models– Citrus in Haryana, M&A Plants in Chhattisgarh  Development of citrus in conjunction with community tanks has enabled cluster based development of citrus in Sirsa Districts  Development of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants in Chhattisgarh along with vermi compost units has enabled cluster development of M&A P with tie up for buy back by entrepreneurs 07/08/09
  15. 15. Plantation linked with drip irrigation 07/08/09
  16. 16. Community tanks 07/08/09
  17. 17. Citrus plantation at Sirsa, Haryana 07/08/09
  18. 18. CITRUS PLANTATION 07/08/09
  19. 19. Intercropping of Aonla (maincrop) and Jamarosa (Intercrop) 07/08/09
  20. 20. Organic Farming ► NHM envisages promotion of clusters for organic farming certification ► So far, 1,10,000 ha has been brought under organic farming. ► Punjab & UP have adopted organic farming projects with involvement of NAFED, for covering 3000 ha in 10 Districts and 15000 ha in 25 Districts, respectively 07/08/09
  21. 21. Primary Processing  Setting up of primary processing facilities for grapes in Maharashtra and for grapes & cashew in Karnataka  In Pandarpur village of Sholapur District, a large number of grape dehydration units are being set up.  Large number of cashew processing units have been sanctioned in Belgaum, Bijapur and Udupi Districts of Karnataka.  Several such units have been approved in Seethamrpur District of AP and in Konkan region of Maharashtra. 07/08/09
  22. 22. GRAPE DEHYDRATION UNITS 07/08/09
  23. 23. Focus for PHM & Market Infrastructure  So far, 1109 pack houses have been set up, mainly in the States of AP, Karnataka, MP, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and UP.  Large number of cold storage have been sanctioned in UP.  Wholesale markets for horticulture produce have been established at 35 locations and 174 rural markets have been set up.  Many private entrepreneurs are showing interest in setting up wholesale markets in Karnataka and Gujarat. 07/08/09
  24. 24. NHM assisted Cold Chain Facility project by KAPPEC in Bijapur 07/08/09
  25. 25. Sapota Pack House, Maharashtra Harvesting and Transportation Pack House 07/08/09 Washing and drying of surface water Unit Packing in CFB boxes
  26. 26. Key to Success  Production and supply of good quality planting material of right variety in appropriate quantity.  Management of pests & diseases  Adoption of productivity improvement programmes  Optimum use of scientific infrastructure for disease forecasting, plant health management and Bio- control Labs and testing facilities.  Greenhouse cultivation and management.  Efficient Supply Chain Management.  Optimum use of Post Harvest and Marketing Infrastructure  Incentive for setting up of Processing Units. 07/08/09
  27. 27. 07/08/09
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