Mobile Learning Workshop for HKUSPACE Feb 28


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This is a CPD workshop that was delivered to HKUSPACE Program and Teaching staff about the future of Mobile Learning.

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Mobile Learning Workshop for HKUSPACE Feb 28

  1. 1. Mobile Learning Workshop February 28, 2013. Admiralty By Daniel Chun Researcher in Mobile Learning By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  2. 2. About me• Thank you for inviting me and I know.• I am popular• Everybody talks about me• They even invite me to show up at seminars and events M –Mobile E - Education By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  3. 3. 18-22 Feb - 2013, Paris By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  4. 4. 25-28 Feb – 2013, Barcelona By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  5. 5. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  6. 6. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  7. 7. Daniel Chun• B.Sc, M. InfoTech, MBA, PhD Student (Lancaster)• Mobile Learning researcher – Judge for UNESCO / Nokia Mobile Learning Ideas Project competition 2011 – Keynote speaker 2011 APAC M-Learn Conference (Bandung) – Recipient of 2010 APACMLEARN Award (Kuala Lumpur) – Speaker at HKWTIA 1st Mobile Learning Workshop – Asia editor for IAMLEARN 2011, Published a few papers in Mobile Learning• Work / Academic / Volunteer – Blue Ocean Strategy Consultant Trainer / HKUST Business Case Writer – Founder - a Cyberport Startup - | – Executive Director Kids4Kids Limited (a registered HK charity) – Vice President for The Entrepreneurs’ Network ( – Group Business Development Director – Taiwan Mobile 1995-2001 – Program Manager for CompuServe HK 1992 – Head programmer for Hutchison Mobile Data in 1990 By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  8. 8. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  9. 9. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  10. 10. • Tell me about you, introduce yourself !! – Your name – Which department – What do you do – What do you expect to take away from this workshop ? By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  11. 11. • What is your perception of Mobile Learning ? By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  12. 12. My first mobile learning experience Hardware Media and Software By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  13. 13. My current learning tools By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  14. 14. Did you know By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  15. 15. Learning Flower Michael Allen – Flower Model By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  16. 16. Definitions• Mobile Learning was identified early on as an extension to e-learning that can be realized by the use of mobile computing devices (Quinn, 2000).• Traxler (2009) simply refers mobile learning as “mobile e-learning” and is not adjoining of the two buzz words “mobile” and “learning”. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  17. 17. Definitions• Mobile Learning means any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed, predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takes advantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies (O’Malley et al., 2003). By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  18. 18. Definitions• The field of studying mobile learning is still nascent and will continue to develop itself into newer identity (Traxler, 2009), which is similarly described as only an evolutionary phase (Kukulska-Hulme, 2009). Traxler (2009) further supported the notion that mobile learning still has a blurred definition, one which may differ across different geographies, culture and in particular amongst the two distinct groups of “developed” and “developing” countries.• The concepts of mobile learning therefore can be elucidated based on culture and affordances of mobile technologies By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  19. 19. Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013content/uploads/GSMA_Mobile_Economy_Infographic.pdf
  20. 20. Q. how does that affect me By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  21. 21. • mEducation will hit main stream By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  22. 22. Key Trends • The abundance of resources and relationships made easily accessible via the Internet is increasingly challenging us to revisit our roles as educators. • Both formal and informal learning experiences are becoming increasingly important as college graduates continue to face a highly competitive workforce • Education paradigms are shifting to include online learning, hybrid learning, and collaborative models• Massively open online courses are proliferating • Open is a key trend in future education and publication, specifically in terms of open content, open educational resources, massively open online courses, and open access. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  23. 23. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  24. 24. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  25. 25. Let’s look at the functions(Source: US NETP-2010 report, Page 58) By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  26. 26. The MLEARN stakeholders Higher Payment Education Content Gateway Institute Publisher MarketplaceInternet & MobileOperator By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  27. 27. • Educational Technology - Academia By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  28. 28. Mobile Learning CoP By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  29. 29. Mobile Learning – Theory and Practice• First Professor in Mobile Learning• First Mobile Learning Manager at British Council (based in HK) By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  30. 30. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  31. 31. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  32. 32. UNESCO• A popular definition of mobile learning is education that involves the use of mobile devices to enable learning anytime and anywhere. While this definition captures much of the essence of mobile learning, it requires two important clarifications. Discussions about mobile learning should: – 1) focus more on mobility and its unique affordances than on technology per se; and – 2) include questions about how mobile devices can support not only learning but also broad educational goals such as effective education administration and information management. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  33. 33. Turning on Mobile Learning in Asia By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  34. 34. Transforming learning through mEducation By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  35. 35. • BREAK TIME (5 mins) By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  36. 36. BACKGROUND OF STUDY• A study was conducted in HK with IVE• Online questionnaires - 2010 June -2011 June - over 1150 was sent out Google forms with online questionnaire designed with a total of 10 questions - target: students studying in higher education - Sample size = 204 - Response rate = around 17.7%• Administered various semi-structured interviews with students By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  37. 37. DATA COLLECTION AND FINDINGS•Separated into 2 partsPart I – 7 questions- Using Likert scales of response- Explores the participants’ perceptions ofMobile Learning towards their learningenvironment and habitsPart II – 3 questions- Probe the preferences towards the use ofWeb 2.0 and Mobile technologies By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  38. 38. Question 1- only 1 person disagree- 94% agree that Mobile Learning is an effective method.Question 2- only 2 person disagree- 96% agree that Mobile Learning can facilitate building new courses and learningobjectsQuestion 3- 28 persons (14%) disagree- Over 80% agree that Web 2.0 is useful for learningQuestion 4- 17 persons (8%) disagree- Over 78% agree that Mobile Learning and Web 2.0 can make all test and assessment By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013faster
  39. 39. Question 5- 3 persons (1%) person disagree- Over 76% agree that Mobile Learning and Web 2.0 can improve communicationQuestion 6- 204 (everyone) agree- 100% agree that Mobile Learning and Web 2.0 can make sharing-editing-collecting data quickerQuestion 7- Nobody disagree- Over 88% agree that Mobile Learning and Web 2.0 offers flexibility for learninganytime anywhere By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  40. 40. Question 8- Some of the above Web 2.0 features and technologies were prescribed to therespondents- Youtube (reading and writing) and Forums (discussion) are mostly used bystudents- Skype (collaborating, whiteboard) and RSS Feeds (reading) are rarely used bystudents By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  41. 41. Question 9- Not all students will pay or can afford mobile data plan- Use alternative mode of access: Wifi- Logically explained as HK students are given free student accounts to use one ofthe HK Public Wifi network operator- Campus-based, establishment-based, government Wifi hotspots are abundant ina metropolitan city like Hong Kong. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  42. 42. Question 10- A marginal majority and clearly replacing textbook in the traditional sense is notimmediate- Over 58% agree to use mobile device like iPad for reading textbooks- Christensen et al (2011) however had suggested the textbook publishing marketis in the danger of being replaced by newer software platform and user-generatedcontent- The analogy is the camera and film industry- The reading habits and use of text-book may not be displaced, but the form ofconsumption could be- Further work and on a monthly basis, the perception and adoption curve will By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013change due to price
  43. 43. LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE STUDIESLimitations• Limited to studying one higher education college only• Without knowing the detail demographics of the participantsFuture Studies• Currently going through the data collection coding phase of our constructivist approach of grounded theory – to develop a theory based on the experience of the students By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  44. 44. CONCLUSIONS• Conducted in Jun 2010, sampled 204 students aged over 18 studying full time at a higher education college.• Reveals students strongly support the notion of mobile learning and using collaborative web 2.0 technologies for their learning• More students are ready to use mobile devices for consuming reading of textbooks, and many of which participate in various discussion forum, blogging and video for learning purpose. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  45. 45. Common Traits of successful M-Learn The mobile learning projects reviewed in this UNESCO paper share a number of strengths and innovative features that may be replicable in other countries or settings. These include: • 1. A well-planned project framework • 2. Multisector partnerships • 3. Local support to reinforce learning • 4. Cultural sensitivity and context considerations • 5. Rigorous curriculum mapping • 6. Instructional design specific to mobile technology • 7. Professional development opportunities • 8. Built-in incentives for teachers • 9. Voluntary knowledge-sharing and mentoring by project-trained educators • 10.Blended approach to content delivery • 11.Appropriate technology, rather than newest technology • 12.Immediate feedback • 13.Flexibility of downloading-on-demand • 14.Technical support • 15.Built-in monitoring and evaluation • 16.Attention to project costs and sustainability • 17. Advocacy and social mobilizationSource: UNESCO Mobile Learning for Asia By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  46. 46. • Enablers – Government, Higher Educational Institutions, Connectivity• Barriers – Teachers and Parents mindset, lack of teacher training and support• Success Factors – High penetration of mobile phones, infrastructure, teacher professional development By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  47. 47. A mobile culture / perceptionsSource: UNESCO Mobile Learning for Asia By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  48. 48. Enabler – Cloud, SasS• Amazon (EC2), Movie, Bookstore, – Supported by Amazon Kindle Devices• Google – Docs, Drive, Mail, Calendar, Scholar, Plus, Hangout• Apple iCloud – iTuneU, Podcasts, Educational games supported by Mac, iPod touch, iPhone, iPads, ….. i? By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  49. 49. Enabler - Connectivity• Various technical standards for offering wireless Internet – Wi-Fi (Public wifi, Campus, coffee shop, Bus) – Mobile Data - 2.75G, 3G, 3.75G, LTE By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  50. 50. Enabler - Device By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  51. 51. Local vs Cloud Multi channel accessContentApplicationsConvenienceAlways On By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  52. 52. PDF as instructional teaching materials• Mobile version of PDF reader (free) have gone a long way – It now allows you to edit, underline, highlight – It even allows you to save in Adobe’s own cloud – Much better mobile learning experience – Local copy, cloud stored copie(s), home PC / NB copy By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  53. 53. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  54. 54. Bring Your Own Device• Popular, high adoption brings issues – Distractions – Standards vs Open• Alberta Canada’s Education Department has a guidline for BYOD By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  55. 55. Distraction ?• What do your students and staff use their smartphone for in class or at work ? – Social Network – Taking photos – Researching – Email is still #1 – Checking grades #2 By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  56. 56. EDUCAUSE• mobile-learning-trends-us-naval-academy- and-naval-postgraduate-school ideas-for-using-g-hangouts-in-learning-by- category/ By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  58. 58. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  59. 59. 50 Ideas For Using G+ Hangouts In Learning By Category By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013category/#sthash.qZaaYRe7.dpuf
  60. 60. Professional Development• Teach and Share within HKUSPACE ? VFRLj_xns&feature=youtu.beCheck out the Education Website – By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  61. 61. Game changers in educationaltechnology that steps into MobileEcosystem – Apple – Dropbox – Youtube – Amazon – Google – Whatsapp – Skype – Facebook By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  62. 62. • Cloud based – Google Drive – Google Docs – Google Sites – Google+ – Google Hangouts• Use of back channels during lecture – Twitter – iClass from HKU (Cyberport Startup) By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  63. 63. Trends• Mobile Connectivity – faster, cheaper• Bring your own device – will there be more choice /• Cloud service – any more free• Development of Mobile apps vs Web apps (which platform)Just a couple of years ago• HTC was considered a Smartphone success, then now – Struggling to release new products.• Nokia still have a shop in Russell Street, CWB• Blackberry was a darling around the world• Samsung Galaxy Tab 7” tablet was laughed at by Apple fanboys and then now – Apple came out with a iPad Mini• iPhone was the only cool smartphone and then Samssum By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  64. 64. Think about sustainability By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  65. 65. Research Stream• Developing Country – Indonesia, South Africa – Using mobile to increase participation and engagement using SMS – One S.African professor says his accounting year 1 class has 12,000 enrolments and they mobile learning is a big helper to cover so many students• Developed Country – HK, USA, Europe with high mobile penetration• K-12, Enterprise, Higher Education By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  66. 66. Questions to ask yourself ?• Which area of the “education” should I apply M-Learning ?• What devices should I support ?• How should I design M-learning content ?• Does it really work ?• Is it sustainable ? Adoption• Which software / app / platform ? By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  67. 67. Which area will you apply MLEARN By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  68. 68. Case 1 : content and database • orrosion__There_s_an_App_for_That_.htm By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  69. 69. Put your thinking hat please• 10 minutes, please formed a small group of 3 persons (next to you)• Quickly discuss amongst the 3 and come up with your group’s choice• And explain to everyone why you choose that area to apply MLEARN By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  70. 70. • Identify a need, a pain point for the students, the administrator, the course developers• Tell us which area of the framework will you implement a Mobile Learning.• And tell us the sampled By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  71. 71. • Participants now present / discuss – Your Mobile Learning project – Others to take note – Now vote By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  72. 72. • Voting time• Have you look at iClass from HKU / Cyberport to be implemented ? By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  73. 73. Now watch this video By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  74. 74. Future of Mobile Learning• The future of devices will look to even more personal and more connected. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  75. 75. By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  76. 76. infographics• /2012/10/Best-iOS-Apps-for-Mobile-Learning- 800.jpg• http://newsroom.t- J1LH17T6D9W5GA4W.jpg• -Education-800.png By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  77. 77. Reference• Chun, D & Siu, A. (2011). A study of the perceptions using Mobile Learning in Higher Education in Hong Kong – the end of textbooks, the rise of collaborative tools. 10th Annual International Conference of Mobile and Contextual Learning, Beijing (2011), pp. 374-377• Chun, D & Tsui, E (2010). A Reflection of the state of Mobile Learning in Asia and a Conceptual Framework (IADIS Press) pp 371-375• Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2009). Will mobile learning change language learning? ReCALL, 21(2), 157-165.• O’Malley, C., Vavoula, G., Glew, J., Taylor, J., Sharples, M. & Lefrere, P. (2003). Guidelines for Learning/Teaching/Tutoring in a Mobile Environment. MOBIlearn Project Report, D4.1• Quinn, C. (2000). M-Learning: Mobile, wireless, in-your-pocket learning. LINE Zine. Retrieved on July 29, 2012 at• Traxler, J (2010) Current state of Mobile Learning. A book chapter for “Mobile Learning: Transforming the Delivery of Education and Training AU Press. Pp 20-21 By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  78. 78. Other Online ResourcesOther ResourcesmLearnopediaMobile Browser IDMobiForgeTips for Mobile Web DevelopmentW3C Mobile Web TrainingTools For Mobile Learning DevelopmentIAMLEARN.orgMOOC By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013
  79. 79. Ways to contact meBlog http://MobileLearner.comM Group Limited By Daniel Chun, 28/2/2013