Modern Trends in Broadcasting Introduction to Broadcasting January 17, 2011
Questions about the Future of Broadcasting1. Will broadcasting be supplanted by the Internet?2. Will “convergence” lead to a single delivery system for multimedia services?3. Which broadcast delivery systems (terrestrial, satellite or cable) will become dominant for digital TV?4. Will the reduction in costs of computer hardware affect broadcasting?5. Will computers merge with TV sets?
The Future of Broadcasting• Those making bold predictions about the future should be aware that many predictions made in the past have proved to be dramatically wrong – even when made by experts with impeccable credentials.
The Future of BroadcastingThe eminent scientistLord Kelvin stated in1895 that “Heavier-thanair flying machines areimpossible” and in 1897compounded this error bysaying that “Radio has nofuture”.
The Future of BroadcastingIn 1943, thechairman of IBM,Thomas Watsonsaid: “I thinktheres a worldmarket for,maybe, 5computers”.
The Future of BroadcastingIn 1977, Ken Olsen,the founder andpresident of DigitalEquipmentCorporation said:“There is no reasonfor any individual tohave a computer intheir home”.
The Computer vs. Broadcasting IndustryThe Computer Industry:• the computer industry has achieved the remarkable feat of persuading users that they need to replace their computers very frequently.• This means that users of older computers cannot run the latest software without upgrading their hardware. This inflationary spiral results in rapid obsolescence
The Computer vs. Broadcasting IndustryThe Broadcasting Industry:• Manufacturers of televisions have much greater problems. Ordinary TV sets cannot evolve to products with greater functionality. It is true that new features can be added, such as widescreen, surround sound and high-definition, but a television essentially remains a television.
Digital Television• What is Digital TV? Digital television (DTV) is the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by means of discrete (digital) signals, in contrast to the analog signals used by analog TV.
Digital Television Countries Converting/Converted from Analog to Digital Television2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2015Luxembourg Netherlands Switzerland USA Japan UK China Finland Belgium Canada Malaysia Andorra Germany Philippines Sweden Norway
Digital Television in the PhilippinesWhy switch to DTV?- it freed up parts of the valuable broadcast spectrum for public safety communications (such as police, fire departments, and rescue squads).
Digital Television in the Philippines• On Nov. 5, 2006, The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC), gives a memo to all TV Stations in the Philippines to fully covert from analog to digital technology until or before Dec. 31, 2015.
Digital Television in the PhilippinesCharacteristics of Digital TV• Subtitles are possible• Sound quality is better• Images are clear• Digital TV sets come in widescreen format
Digital Television in the PhilippinesCharacteristics of Digital TV (cont.)• Allows multicasting- broadcaster can subdivide the digital channel and offer several lower definition programs in the same space or TV channel
Digital Television in the PhilippinesExample: A broadcaster can offer four different programs on its single channel. When a viewer tunes in the channel, he or she will see a screen with four small windows.
Digital Television in the PhilippinesPBB Double The Up UBER CorrespondentsTV PATROL STAR CINEMA WORLD PRESENTS (Replay) REPLAY Sample afternoon digital programming on ABS-CBN 2
Digital Television in the PhilippinesHow is this possible?A station may broadcast an HDTV during primetime but at other times of the day switch to lower definition signals and offer four different programs on its single channel
Digital Television in the PhilippinesDigital Television Quality Levels• Standard Definition TV (SDTV)• Enhanced Definition TV (EDTV)• High Definition TV (HDTV)
Digital Television in the Philippines1. SDTV is the basic level of quality display and resolution for both analog and digital. Transmission of SDTV may be in either the traditional (4:3) or widescreen (16:9) format.
Digital Television in the Philippines2. EDTV is a step up from Analog Television. EDTV comes in 480p widescreen (16:9) or traditional (4:3) format and provides better picture quality than SDTV, but not as high as HDTV.
Digital Television in the Philippines3. HDTV in widescreen format (16:9) provides the highest resolution and picture quality of all digital broadcast formats. Combined with digitally enhanced sound technology, HDTV sets new standards for sound and picture quality in television.
Digital Television in the PhilippinesDigital technology will multiply the number of available broadcast services, including:• free-to-air services;• subscription services;• near-video-on-demand services;• pay-per-view services.
Digital Television in the Philippines Question:Will old analog TV sets become obsolete?
Digital Television in the Philippines Answer: NO
Digital Television in the PhilippinesANSWER: Even though the DTV Transition is completed, your analog TV set is not obsolete. However, there are some steps you must take to be able to continue to use it.
Digital Television in the PhilippinesTo ensure continued use of your analog set, you must do one of the following:1. Connect to a subscription service such as cable or satellite TV.
Digital Television in the Philippines• Analog sets equipped with a converter box will display the digital broadcasts, but not in full digital quality.• This converter box, much like your cable box, will allow you to receive a picture, but it wont be able to show high- definition pictures or give you access to other digital services.
Digital Television in the Philippines• Part of ABS-CBN plan is to spend an initial P500 million for a partial migration from analog to digital TV technology and initially distribute for free 400,000 set- top boxes in pilot DTT areas. A set-top boxes cost around
Digital Television in the Philippines• Other Television Network also expressed their interest to switch to digital platform, like Associated Broadcasting Company (ABC-5), they’re already testing digital transmission at channel 47. Lastly GMA Network also planning to go for digital TV.
Modern Trends in Broadcasting• Television and video on the internet Examples: www.youtube.com and other video streaming websites
Modern Trends in Broadcasting• Apple itunes sells complete downloads of TV programs such as Lost and Desperate Housewives for $2 each• Google Video offers news and old programs ranging in price from free to $4• AOL has In2TV offering free download of classic shows• Mobile videos
Modern Trends in Broadcasting• In the Philippines, local broadcast stations, apart from having interactive websites, maintain their own social networking accounts, where they can show plug materials and information about their shows
SHOW VIDEOINTERNET IMPACT TO TRADITIONAL MEDIA
The Future of RadioModern Trends in Radio Broadcasting1. Terrestrial digital radio broadcasting- same as with digital TV wherein: -digital signal of an AM station sounds as good as a CD
The Future of Radio2. Satellite radio- commercial free music channels and news, talk and variety channels (by subscription)-SHOW VIDEO-SATELLITE RADIO3. Mobile radio- portable
The Future of Radio4. Internet radio -Web broadcasters offer dozens of specialized music / news/talk formats with limited or regular commercials -targets audiences who listen to radio at workExamples: radio simulcasts-www. gmanews.tv and dzbb, www.dzmm.com.ph
The Future of Radio5. Podcasting- recording and downloading of audio files stored on servers How it works? A person records a radio program and makes it available for downloading at a website
Sources:• Dominick, Joseph R. ( 2007) The Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in the Digital Age 10th ed. USA McGraw-Hill• Baran, Stanley (2008). Introduction to Mass Communication Media Literacy and Culture 5th ed. USA McGraw-Hill• www.dtv.gov• www.fcc.gov• Digital television - http://www.fcc.gov/cgb