Who rules
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  • How far should government go to maintain order, provide public goods, and promote equality. In the U.S. (as in every other nations), citizens, scholars, and politicians have different answers. At one end is a belief that govt. should do everything…… At the other is the belief that govt. should not exist. These ideologies from most govt. to least govt. and those that ball in between we will look at today.
  • A theocracy ( "theo-" = God, "-cracy" = government) is a government operated under divine rule, or the pretense of divine rule. In practice, this term refers to a government operated by religious authorities who claim unlimited power in the name of God or other supernatural forces. There are many governments--including the United States--in which leaders invoke God, or claim to be inspired by God, or claim to obey the will of God. This does not, in practice, make a government a theocracy. What makes a government a theocracy is when lawmakers actually believe that leaders are governed by the will of God, and write laws predicated on this belief.
  • An Autocracy, in which one individual has the power to make all important decisions. The concentration of power in the hands of one person (usually a monarch) was a more common form of government in earlier historical periods. Some countries are still ruled autocratically, such as Iran. An autocracy is a government controlled by one person with absolute power. As unlimited power doesn't usually bring out the best in people, autocracies are often brutal regimes. 6 Different types... 1. monarchy an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority 2. parliamentary monarchy a monarchy having a parliament 3. kingdom a monarchy with a king or queen as head of state 4. empire a monarchy with an emperor as head of state 5. police state a country that maintains repressive control over the people by means of police (especially secret police)
  • Dictatorship implies absolute power — one person who takes control — of a political situation, a family, a classroom or even a camping expedition. In government, a dictatorship leaves no room for input from anyone who is not the top guy or gal. In a dictatorship, one person keeps repeating the same command: "My way or the highway."
  • government operated by religious authorities who claim unlimited power in the name of God or other supernatural forces.
  • A system of government in which one person reigns, usually a king or queen. The authority, or crown, in a monarchy is generally inherited.
  • Anarchism (anarchy) values freedom above all else. Because all govt. involves some restriction on personal freedom (example: forcing people to drive on one side of the road), a pure anarchist would object even to traffic laws. It is not a popular philosophy, but it does have supporters. In July 2989, more than 1,500 anarchist from around the world convened in San Francisco. The conference featured more than on hundred workshops on history, philosophy, culture, sexually, and the environment. But the older organizers who wanted to discuss history and debate philosophy had shaved herds and marked they with a fluorescent streak. As at their previous conventions in Chico in 1986, this one erupted in rioting that broke store windows.
  • Junta - hu̇n-tə (Hunta) When a government is overthrown, the coalition or group that forms and takes control is called a junta. If the military has seized control, as so often happens, then the group is called a military junta . Junta is pronounced with an initial h sound, which gives you a clue to its origins. It’s from the Spanish junta, for a military or political group ruling the country after it has been taken over
  • A system of government in which one person reigns, usually a king or queen. The authority, or crown, in a monarchy is generally inherited. The ruler, or monarch, is often only the head of state, not the head of government. Many monarchies, such as Britain are actually governed by parliaments. Monarchies could be an absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy.)
  • In a representative democracy, citizens participate in government by election public officials to make decisions on their behalf. Elected officials are expected to represent the voter’s views and interests that is, to serve as the agents of the citizens and to act for them.
  • Democracy means rule by the people. Most scholars believe that the U.S. Britain, France, and other countries in Western Europe are genuine democracies. It emphasizes the procedure that enable the people to govern…meeting to discuss issues, voting in elections, running for pubic office .
  • Oligarchy (ol-i-gahr-kee) a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few. 2. a state or organization so ruled. 3. the persons or class so ruling. At one time, the nobility or the major landowners commonly ruled as an aristocracy. Today, a military leaders are often the rulers in a countries governed by an oligarchy.
  • Anarchism (anarchy) values freedom above all else.
  • Anarchism (anarchy) values freedom above all else. general lawlessness and disorder, especially when thought to result from an absence or failure of government
  • Oligarchy (ol-i-gahr-kee) a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few. Today, a military leaders are often the rulers in a countries governed by an oligarchy.
  • direct democracy" refers to citizens making policy & law decisions in person, without going through representatives & legislature
  • Representative democracy ………citizens participate in government by electing public officials to make decisions on their behalf. Direct democracy ……. Example of direct democracy? A: Town meetings in the northeast. in small towns in Vermont and New Hampshire, where every resident who shows up to the meeting can vote on the issues. Pros and cons of a direct democracy?? I would say the pros are people having their say, but a big con is that the average person doesn't know what they're talking about.
  • Oligarchy …..few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few. Representative democracy ………citizens participate in government by electing public officials to make decisions on their behalf.
  • Dictatorship implies absolute power — one person who takes control — of a political situation, a family, a classroom or even a camping expedition.
  • Monarchy…..King or Queen who inherits the position Theocracy…..a government operated by religious authorities who claim unlimited power in the name of God or other supernatural forces.
  • Monarchy ….A system of government in which one person reigns, usually a king or queen. The authority, or crown, in a monarchy is generally inherited. The ruler, or monarch, is often only the head of state, not the head of government. Many monarchies, such as Britain are actually governed by parliaments. Representative democracy ………citizens participate in government by electing public officials to make decisions on their behalf.
  • Representative democracy ………citizens participate in government by electing public officials to make decisions on their behalf.

Who rules Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Who Rules?Who Rules? Lesson Activities
  • 2. GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS Who Rules?
  • 3. Types of Governments & Leaders Think About It!Think About It! What kinds of governments exist? What kinds of leaders can be in charge of a country? Think about everything you’ve ever heard of or learned and add it to this mind map.
  • 4.  Where would you put theocracy on this chart?Where would you put theocracy on this chart? Theocracy can apply toTheocracy can apply to any of these!any of these!
  • 5. MINI-QUIZ Do You Know Your Forms of Government?
  • 6. A or B?A or B? 1. One person is in charge.1. One person is in charge. AA BB AutocracyAutocracy DemocracyDemocracy
  • 7. A or B?A or B? 2. Citizens often have no2. Citizens often have no rights.rights. AA BB DemocracyDemocracy DictatorshipDictatorship
  • 8. A or B?A or B? 3. Can exist with other3. Can exist with other forms of government.forms of government. AA BB DictatorshipDictatorship TheocracyTheocracy
  • 9. A or B?A or B? 4. Led by a king or queen.4. Led by a king or queen. AA BB MonarchyMonarchy OligarchyOligarchy
  • 10. A or B?A or B? 5. Nobody is in charge.5. Nobody is in charge. AA BB MonarchyMonarchy AnarchyAnarchy
  • 11. A or B?A or B? 6. Those in charge are6. Those in charge are military members who tookmilitary members who took over by force.over by force. AA BB JuntaJunta DemocracyDemocracy
  • 12. A or B?A or B? 7. Leader often shares7. Leader often shares power with other parts ofpower with other parts of government.government. AA BB MonarchyMonarchy DictatorshipDictatorship
  • 13. A or B?A or B? 8. Democracy where citizens8. Democracy where citizens elect others to serve inelect others to serve in government.government. AA BB DirectDirect RepresentativeRepresentative 
  • 14. A or B?A or B? 9. Citizens vote to elect their9. Citizens vote to elect their leaders.leaders. AA BB DemocracyDemocracy AutocracyAutocracy
  • 15. A or B?A or B? 10. A small group rules the10. A small group rules the country.country. AA BB OligarchyOligarchy DemocracyDemocracy
  • 16. A or B?A or B? 11. People do not answer to11. People do not answer to any leader or government.any leader or government. AA BB OligarchyOligarchy AnarchyAnarchy
  • 17. A or B?A or B? 12. God and religious law12. God and religious law are the governmentare the government authority.authority. AA BB OligarchyOligarchy AnarchyAnarchy
  • 18. A or B?A or B? 13. The group with power13. The group with power can be based on race orcan be based on race or social class.social class. AA BB MonarchyMonarchy OligarchyOligarchy
  • 19. A or B?A or B? 14. Democracy where14. Democracy where citizens participate incitizens participate in lawmaking themselves.lawmaking themselves. AA BB DirectDirect RepresentativeRepresentative
  • 20. ACTIVITY A Identify That Government!
  • 21. SWITZERLAND Citizens elect representatives to sit in two different lawmaking assemblies. But citizens also vote several times a year to decide on laws. Citizens can vote to propose their own laws or undo laws passed by their representatives. All citizens may vote directly on these laws. Forms of Government: __________________________________ and __________________________________ representative democracy direct democracy
  • 22. SOUTH AFRICA From 1948-1994, official policy in South Africa gave white people all the political power. Even though the majority of South Africans were black, non-whites could not influence government. White South Africans elected representatives to sit in a lawmaking body. Forms of Government: __________________________________ and __________________________________ oligarchy representative democracy
  • 23. NORTH KOREA One man leads North Korea and controls its government. He also controls its ruling political party. The ruling party chooses candidates for an Assembly, and citizens vote. The candidates do not have opponents, so citizens have no choices. Form of Government: __________________________________dictatorship
  • 24. SAUDI ARABIA Saudi Arabia is led by a king. The king appoints a Council of Ministers to help govern, but there are no elections. Saudi Arabia’s Basic Law states that the country’s constitution is the Islamic holy book the Qur’an and other religious traditions. Forms of Government: __________________________________ and __________________________________ monarchy theocracy
  • 25. DENMARK The people of Denmark elect representatives to sit in Parliament, a lawmaking body. The Queen of Denmark heads the country, but she only has a small role in government. The government is led by a Prime Minister, who is appointed from among the elected representatives. Forms of Government: __________________________________ and __________________________________ monarchy representative democracy
  • 26. BRAZIL Brazil is led by a president who is elected by the citizens. Citizens in Brazil elect a new president every four years. Citizens also elect representatives to serve in two different legislative bodies. Form of Government: __________________________________representative democracy
  • 27. ACTIVITY B True or False?
  • 28. 1. A monarchy can be like a dictatorship or it can be part of a democracy.  True  False Example or Reason: 2. A dictatorship can also be a democracy.  True  False Example or Reason: 3. A democracy can have both representative and direct characteristics at the same time.  True  False Example or Reason: 4. An oligarchy can include representative democracy.  True  False Example or Reason: 5. A government can be both a monarchy and an anarchy at the same time.  True  False Example or Reason: 6. Theocracy can co-exist with monarchy.  True  False Example or Reason: 7. Theocracy can co-exist with democracy.  True  False Example or Reason: 8. An oligarchy can be like a dictatorship.  True  False Example or Reason: True or False?True or False?  Denmark / Saudi Arabia  Citizens get no say in a dictatorship  Switzerland  In South Africa, some got to vote  Monarchy and anarchy are opposites!  Saudi Arabia  In Iran, citizens vote  Under a junta, citizens often have few rights
  • 29. ACTIVITY C Vocabulary Crossword
  • 30. Across 3. Type of democracy where citizens elect leaders to represent them in government 7. A small group that rules a country after taking it over by force 9. One person has all the power 10. Type of democracy where citizens are involved in day-to- day government Down 1. Recognizes God as the ultimate authority in government and law 2. One leader has absolute control over citizens’ lives 4. Citizens hold the political power 5. A small group of people has all the power 6. People are not subject to any nation or government 8. A king or queen rules the country Vocabulary CrosswordVocabulary Crossword RR EE PP RR EE SS EE NN TT AA TT II VV EE DD TT HH OO CC RR AA CC YYRR OO CC TT AA TT SS DD II PP RR EE CC TT LL OO JJ UU NN AA TT MMGG II HH HH CC RR AA CC RR AA NN OO YY HH CC RR AA OO RR YY HH CC YY CC RR AA CC YY UU TT DD EE MM OO