human infrastructurejo guldi, harvard society of fellows / brownuniversity
the newinfrastructurehas newagents: state,market,technology
actors in the political economyof sustainable infrastructure• national environmental regulation - US 1972 Clean Water Act; CERCLA 1980• tax status -- ecotaxation of fuel in UK and Germany since 1980s; Real EstateInvestment Trusts petitioning the government to protect solar farms• Leed certification (1993)• international protection -- Indian solar manufacturers petitioning the US toopen trade restrictions (2012)• Envision (tm) certification for infrastructure (2012)• packaging sustainable infrastructure as a financial commodity (Andre Schneider,Geneva) (2012)• national infrastructure banking - Obama infrastructure act (2013)• international infrastructure banking - US Africa Clean Energy and FinanceDevelopment Centre, Johannesburg (2013)
The Other Revolution: AlternateActors in Sustainable Infrastructure• urbanization and slum development acrossthe global south, 1950-1972• The World Bank and “appropriatetechnology” or “sustainable infrastructure”for the urban poor, a.k.a self-made roads, c1965• The invention of the crowd-sourced map,c. 1972
Ordering the new agentsof infrastructure -- how?
building humaninfrastructure• creating the conditions of full participation: peer-to-peer sharing across natonal boundaries usingthe least effective technology• fully funding a mass training program forcrowdsourced map making, local infrastructuredelivery• sharing data on local property law in land andwater• showing the economy back to itself: visualize fullemployment, not merely economic growth