Ancient Chamorro Society of Guam By Thelma Devlin
SURUHANAS Medicine men/women of Guam Ben Tanapag Ben harvests leaves used for traditional medicine .
<ul><li>Where is Guam? </li></ul>
Who are the suruhanas? <ul><li>Highly respected older Chamorro men and women who practice traditional medicine </li></ul><...
What did the suruhanas believe? <ul><li>“ My mom was a suruhana. She could heal people just by praying. But when my mother...
What do suruhanas use? <ul><li>“ Nunu ” (banyan tree or  Ficus prolixa)  root sap stopped blood flow when placed on a woun...
Herbal medicine <ul><li>Pharmacists were aware of medicinal plants </li></ul><ul><li>Most plants on Guam have not been stu...
Examples of herbal medicine <ul><li>Nunu (banyan tree)  stop blood flow of a wound </li></ul><ul><li>Hagon (leaf), hale (r...
Headache Remedy <ul><li>Massage the person's head with warm, blessed coconut oil. Gently pull at the roots of the persons ...
Yetban Santa Maria – Indian Chrysanthemum <ul><li>Yetban Santa Maria Indian Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum Indicum Used for v...
Eucalytpus <ul><li>Eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus Uses : Stimulant, antiseptic, aromatic. Eucalyptus Oil is one of the mor...
Recipe for curing colds or pneumonia <ul><li>3 leaves – “ gaso’so ” </li></ul><ul><li>3 leaves – “ lodigao ”  </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Gaso’so’  leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Buckthorn family </li></ul><ul><li>Columbrina asiatica.  Asian snakewood </li><...
<ul><li>Lodigao Clerodendrum inerme - Seaside clerodendrum  From: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project </li></ul>
<ul><li>Amot tumaga </li></ul><ul><li>Cassia sp. or Senna leaves </li></ul>
<ul><li>Agao </li></ul><ul><li>Premna obtusifolia </li></ul><ul><li>Headache tree/ false elder </li></ul><ul><li>Found in ...
<ul><li>Dadangsi ahgaga </li></ul><ul><li>Urena lobata </li></ul><ul><li>Ceasar’s weed </li></ul>
<ul><li>Suruhana feeding a sick baby with herbal medicine. </li></ul>
Maria is a suruhana on Guam. Her knowledge of medicine and ability to see spirits was passed on through family traditions.
References <ul><li>http://www.pacificworlds.com/cnmi/land/forest.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>http://books.google.com/books?id=9r...
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Suruhana

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Suruhana

  1. 1. Ancient Chamorro Society of Guam By Thelma Devlin
  2. 2. SURUHANAS Medicine men/women of Guam Ben Tanapag Ben harvests leaves used for traditional medicine .
  3. 3. <ul><li>Where is Guam? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who are the suruhanas? <ul><li>Highly respected older Chamorro men and women who practice traditional medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Use herbs, magic, massage, and personal power to cure the sick </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose in today’s community is to promote good health </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the healers are women who specialize – broken limbs, fevers, child birthing </li></ul><ul><li>Special calling for healing and usually passed on to relative – breached babies believed to have aptitude </li></ul><ul><li>Believe illness is caused by spiritual means or natural causes </li></ul><ul><li>Categorized illness as hot or cold – disease is hot, cold medicine prescribed “ gaso’so ” (soap plant) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What did the suruhanas believe? <ul><li>“ My mom was a suruhana. She could heal people just by praying. But when my mother applied the power of the suruhana, the spirit or ghost eventually separated from that person.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. What do suruhanas use? <ul><li>“ Nunu ” (banyan tree or Ficus prolixa) root sap stopped blood flow when placed on a wound </li></ul><ul><li>Tea made of crushed “ hagon” (leaf), “ hale” (root), and “ lasas” (bark) </li></ul><ul><li>Magical ashes made of human sweat, white chicken feathers, palm fronds </li></ul><ul><li>Urine of first-born male </li></ul><ul><li>Mystical body lotions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Herbal medicine <ul><li>Pharmacists were aware of medicinal plants </li></ul><ul><li>Most plants on Guam have not been studied by scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Experts say plants used in herbal medicine contain important vitmains </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples of herbal medicine <ul><li>Nunu (banyan tree) stop blood flow of a wound </li></ul><ul><li>Hagon (leaf), hale (root), lasas (bark) make a tea to cool hot illness </li></ul>Banyan tree
  9. 9. Headache Remedy <ul><li>Massage the person's head with warm, blessed coconut oil. Gently pull at the roots of the persons hair (be careful not to pull hair out!) in small amounts, pinching the hair and pulling upwards. If this is a sinus or allergy headache, use the coconut oil to massage the eyelids, pressing lightly but firmly between the eyes and working out towards the cheeks, stopping at the temples. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Yetban Santa Maria – Indian Chrysanthemum <ul><li>Yetban Santa Maria Indian Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum Indicum Used for various medical conditions including recovery from influenza. Allows for expulsion of pathogenic wind. Indications : influenza, sore throat, fever, conjunctivitis, tuberculosis, varicose veins and atherosclerosis, gout. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Eucalytpus <ul><li>Eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus Uses : Stimulant, antiseptic, aromatic. Eucalyptus Oil is one of the more powerful antiseptics of its class and is used as a disinfectant, stimulant, and antiseptic. gargle. It is known to increase cariac action as well as its anti-malarial qualities. Indications : Allergies, sinusitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, microbic diseases of the lungs, bronchitis, spasmodic throat troubles, and parasitic skin affections. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Recipe for curing colds or pneumonia <ul><li>3 leaves – “ gaso’so ” </li></ul><ul><li>3 leaves – “ lodigao ” </li></ul><ul><li>3 leaves – “ amot tumaga ” </li></ul><ul><li>2 ½ leaves “agao” </li></ul><ul><li>Pinch of salt </li></ul><ul><li>Boil 1 “ latandudu” (pint) of water </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary, add “ dadangsi ahgaga ” root </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Gaso’so’ leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Buckthorn family </li></ul><ul><li>Columbrina asiatica. Asian snakewood </li></ul><ul><li>Higher plants & ferns of National Park of American Samoa </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Lodigao Clerodendrum inerme - Seaside clerodendrum From: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Amot tumaga </li></ul><ul><li>Cassia sp. or Senna leaves </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Agao </li></ul><ul><li>Premna obtusifolia </li></ul><ul><li>Headache tree/ false elder </li></ul><ul><li>Found in Pohnpei </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Dadangsi ahgaga </li></ul><ul><li>Urena lobata </li></ul><ul><li>Ceasar’s weed </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Suruhana feeding a sick baby with herbal medicine. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Maria is a suruhana on Guam. Her knowledge of medicine and ability to see spirits was passed on through family traditions.
  20. 20. References <ul><li>http://www.pacificworlds.com/cnmi/land/forest.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>http://books.google.com/books?id=9r0a2ww8KLcC&dq=ancient+Chamorro+Society&pg=PP1&ots=6i1_GrgpLk&sig=y9uaKIkNVigHN_Tf151duIWqLoI&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result </li></ul>
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