Biological Levels of Hierarchy
Prokaryote & Eukaryote
6 kingdoms
Classification
Introductory Activity
 Station 1 – Biology mind map
 Take out your science textbook and look for the biology
unit. As a ...
Levels of Biological Organization
 A hierarchy shows more complex levels at the
top with simpler levels below
 Biologica...
Levels of Biological Organization
Levels of Biological Organization
 Ecosystem
 Community
 Population
 Organism
 Organ system
 Organ
 Tissue
 Cell
...
Levels of Biological Organization
 Ecosystem
 Community
 Population
 Organism
 Organ system
 Organ
 Tissue
 Cell
...
Hierarchy of Animal Structure
Organism
Organ system
Organ
Tissue
Cell
Organelle
Cell Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Health Sci...
Archea & Bacteria Protist
Prokaryote Eukaryote
Organism
Single Cellular Single Cellular
Fungi*, Plant, Animal
*except unic...
unicellular organisms
no cell nucleus
no membrane-bound
organelles
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryote and Eukaryote
Prokaryote Eukaryote
Name Before nucleus
Nucleus Absent
Organelles Absent
Evolution 3.5 billion y...
Prokaryote
http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/library/onlinebio/14_1.jpghttp://www.mpietrangelo.com/hbio/unit/9_c...
much larger
contain a nucleus
Contain
membrane-bound
organelles
includes all protists,
fungi, animals, and
plants
Euka...
Prokaryote and Eukaryote
Prokaryote Eukaryote
Location of genetic
information
DNA structure
Reproductive
strategy
Oxygen r...
Archea & Bacteria Protist
Prokaryote Eukaryote
Organism
Single Cellular Single Cellular
Fungi*, Plant, Animal
*except unic...
archaea e. coli bacteria
Prokaryote Kingdom
Archaea & Bacteria
http://fc2.sd23.bc.ca/~mbirkela/FOV1-000ABDA6/S0A59B017.8/protist_kingdom.jpg
Eukaryote
Kingdom
Protist
Eukaryote Kingdom Protist
 Protist Biology (watch the first 2:39) http://www.
youtube.com/watch?v=-zsdYOgTbOk
Body form
C...
Eukaryote Kingdom Fungi
Example: Unicellular Yeast
http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/14403/530wm/B2501551-Dividing_yeast_cells,_SEM-SPL.jpg
Example: Unicellular Yeast
Eukaryote Kingdom Fungi
Example: Multicellular Fungi
Fungi on decomposing melon
http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/14858/en...
Example: Multicellular Fungi
 Sporangia of an
unidentified food-
spoilage mould
fungus
 Sporangia are the
organs in whic...
Example: Multicellular Fungi
Time lapsed photography:
 Fungus growing on dung
 Fungus growing on strawberries
Eukaryote Kingdom Fungi
 Planet Wild: Fungi (2:46) http://www.youtube
.com/watch?v=5_rprVa-RY4&list=PLCA798DD5B1ECB2B1
Bo...
Archea & Bacteria Protist
Prokaryote Eukaryote
Organism
Single Cellular Single Cellular
Fungi*, Plant, Animal
*except unic...
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Classification

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Classification

  1. 1. Biological Levels of Hierarchy Prokaryote & Eukaryote 6 kingdoms Classification
  2. 2. Introductory Activity  Station 1 – Biology mind map  Take out your science textbook and look for the biology unit. As a group, list the main topics in the unit along with at least 10 key words for each topic.  Using chart paper and markers, create a graphic organizer (e.g. Venn Diagram, mind map, flow chart etc.) to present these ideas in an organized manner.  Station 2 – Biological Hierarchy (instructions on envelope)  Station 3 – Sorting Prokaryote & Eukaryote (instructions on envelope)
  3. 3. Levels of Biological Organization  A hierarchy shows more complex levels at the top with simpler levels below  Biological hierarchy can be divided into 12 levels of organization, 6 of which are specific for animal structure  Place the following 12 levels into a hierarchy:
  4. 4. Levels of Biological Organization
  5. 5. Levels of Biological Organization  Ecosystem  Community  Population  Organism  Organ system  Organ  Tissue  Cell  Organelle  Molecule  Atom  Subatomic Atom Subatomic Molecule Organelle Cell Tissue Organ Organ system Organism Ecosystem Community Population
  6. 6. Levels of Biological Organization  Ecosystem  Community  Population  Organism  Organ system  Organ  Tissue  Cell  Organelle  Molecule  Atom  Subatomic Ecology Chemistry 6 levels specific to animal structure
  7. 7. Hierarchy of Animal Structure Organism Organ system Organ Tissue Cell Organelle Cell Biology Anatomy Physiology Health Science Medical Science Histology Biochemistry Molecular biology Pharmacology Toxicology
  8. 8. Archea & Bacteria Protist Prokaryote Eukaryote Organism Single Cellular Single Cellular Fungi*, Plant, Animal *except unicellular yeast Classification of Cells Multicellular 6 kingdoms
  9. 9. unicellular organisms no cell nucleus no membrane-bound organelles Prokaryotic Cells
  10. 10. Prokaryote and Eukaryote Prokaryote Eukaryote Name Before nucleus Nucleus Absent Organelles Absent Evolution 3.5 billion years ago Cell size Smaller Cell type Unicellular
  11. 11. Prokaryote http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/library/onlinebio/14_1.jpghttp://www.mpietrangelo.com/hbio/unit/9_cell_reproduction/Chapter_08/B_Jpegs_of_Art_and_Photos/08_Labeled_Art_and_Photos/08_03aBinaryFission_3-L.jpg
  12. 12. much larger contain a nucleus Contain membrane-bound organelles includes all protists, fungi, animals, and plants Eukaryotic Cells
  13. 13. Prokaryote and Eukaryote Prokaryote Eukaryote Location of genetic information DNA structure Reproductive strategy Oxygen requirement
  14. 14. Archea & Bacteria Protist Prokaryote Eukaryote Organism Single Cellular Single Cellular Fungi*, Plant, Animal *except unicellular yeast Classification of Cells Multicellular 6 kingdoms
  15. 15. archaea e. coli bacteria Prokaryote Kingdom Archaea & Bacteria
  16. 16. http://fc2.sd23.bc.ca/~mbirkela/FOV1-000ABDA6/S0A59B017.8/protist_kingdom.jpg Eukaryote Kingdom Protist
  17. 17. Eukaryote Kingdom Protist  Protist Biology (watch the first 2:39) http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=-zsdYOgTbOk Body form Cell wall Motility Nutrition Nervous system
  18. 18. Eukaryote Kingdom Fungi Example: Unicellular Yeast
  19. 19. http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/14403/530wm/B2501551-Dividing_yeast_cells,_SEM-SPL.jpg Example: Unicellular Yeast
  20. 20. Eukaryote Kingdom Fungi Example: Multicellular Fungi Fungi on decomposing melon http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/14858/enlarge
  21. 21. Example: Multicellular Fungi  Sporangia of an unidentified food- spoilage mould fungus  Sporangia are the organs in which asexual spores are produced http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/13763/enlarge
  22. 22. Example: Multicellular Fungi Time lapsed photography:  Fungus growing on dung  Fungus growing on strawberries
  23. 23. Eukaryote Kingdom Fungi  Planet Wild: Fungi (2:46) http://www.youtube .com/watch?v=5_rprVa-RY4&list=PLCA798DD5B1ECB2B1 Body form Cell wall Motility Nutrition Nervous system
  24. 24. Archea & Bacteria Protist Prokaryote Eukaryote Organism Single Cellular Single Cellular Fungi*, Plant, Animal *except unicellular yeast Classification of Cells Multicellular
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