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Circulation Blood Vessels Heart Blood Diseases Circulatory System
Overview of Circulation <ul><li>Pulmonary  circulation: blood flow between the heart and lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic ...
Pathway of Blood Flow http://www.tracleer.com/Content/Images/heart-lung-circulation.jpg
Pathway of Blood Flow <ul><ul><li>(capillaries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vein pulmonary ...
Blood Vessel Function Vessel Function Examples Artery Transports blood AWAY from the heart Aorta Pulmonary artery Vein Tra...
Pathway of Blood Flow http://www.tracleer.com/Content/Images/heart-lung-circulation.jpg Artery Artery Vein Vein
Pathway of Blood Flow http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/06/92806-034-95B4D32F.jpg
Capillaries <ul><li>Walls made up of one thin layer of cells which allow for rapid diffusion of materials from blood to su...
Gas Exchange in Capillaries of Body https://www.cdli.ca/courses/biol2201/unit03_org02_ilo02/cappillarya.JPG
Gas Exchange in Capillaries of Lung http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/37/92937-034-1E4EA526.jpg
Pathway of Blood Flow http://www.tracleer.com/Content/Images/heart-lung-circulation.jpg Artery Artery Vein Vein Oxygen Car...
Gas Exchange in Capillaries Out In In lung In Out In body Carbon dioxide Oxygen Capillaries
Blood Vessel Structure Diagram Low Low High Pressure Vessel Wall  Thickness Artery Thick Vein Thin Capillary Very thin
Blood Vessel & Blood Flow https://www.cdli.ca/courses/biol2201/unit03_org02_ilo02/b_activity.html
Blood Vessel & Blood Flow <ul><li>Elastic walls in arteries </li></ul>
Veins and Blood Flow <ul><li>Valves open when muscles contract, allowing blood to return to the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Va...
Varicose Veins: Deformed Valves http://www.varicoseveinguide.com/images/varicoseveins2.jpg http://www.sciencephoto.com/ima...
Capillaries and Blood Flow <ul><li>Small diameter in capillaries are only wide enough for red blood cells to travel in a s...
Blood Flow in Blood Vessels Vessel Structure that aids blood flow Explanation Artery Elastic walls Walls expand & contract...
The human heart
Cardiac Circulation <ul><li>4 chambers </li></ul><ul><li>4 valves </li></ul><ul><li>2 arteries </li></ul><ul><li>2 veins <...
Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava
Right atrium Tricuspid valve Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava
Right ventricle Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve
Pulmonary valve Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle
to right lung to left lung Pulmonary artery Pulmonary artery Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid ...
Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmon...
Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmon...
from right lung Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmona...
Left atrium Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atr...
Left ventricle Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonar...
Aortic valve Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary ...
Aorta Descending aorta Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve ...
Descending aorta Pulmonary artery Left atrium Pulmonary vein Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Aortic valve Left ventricle Su...
Left atrium Left ventricle Right atrium Right ventricle 4 Chambers
Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Aortic valve Tricuspid valve Pulmonary valve Atrioventricular valve Atrioventricular valve ...
Valves
Tricuspid Valve Mitral Valve Aortic Valve Tricuspid Valve
Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Aorta Descending aor...
Cardiac Circulation http://humananatomyandphysiology.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/texas-heart-institute.jpg http://www.s...
 
Cardiac Circulation Vena cava    right atrium    right ventricle    pulmonary artery    lungs    pulmonary vein    l...
The Pathway of Blood Flow <ul><ul><li>(capillaries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vein pulmon...
Blood Components Type Structure Function % makeup Red blood cells No nucleus Disk-shaped, flexible Contains hemoglobin Tra...
Red and White Blood Cells
Cardiovascular Diseases <ul><li>Atherosclerosis leading to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis <ul><li>Accumulation of plaque on the artery wall </li></ul><ul><li>Coronary artery disease  is when the p...
Heart Attack <ul><li>Death of cardiac muscle cells due to lack of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Heart may stop pumping </li></u...
Hypertension <ul><li>Prolonged high blood pressure  </li></ul><ul><li>Heart is constantly pumping harder </li></ul><ul><li...
Atherosclerosis Treatments CORONARY BYPASS ANGIOPLASTY & STENT
Arrhythmia <ul><li>Heart beats irregularly </li></ul><ul><li>Arises from problems with the electrical activity of the hear...
Electrocardiographs (ECGs) <ul><li>The electrical signals of the heart can be measured using a machine called an electroca...
Arrhythmia <ul><li>Treatment may include implanting an artificial pacemaker or small defibrillator </li></ul>
Heart Murmurs <ul><li>heart makes extra sounds due to leaking valves </li></ul>
Aortic Aneurysm <ul><li>Swelling of the aorta </li></ul>
Congential Heart Defect <ul><li>Defect of the structure of the heart and vessels, present at birth. </li></ul><ul><li>Exam...
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Circulatory system

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  • please i could not download the pictures and images you would be kind enough to send me your presentation by email, I will not play it will only copies the animation of heart circulation
    edmsousa@hotmail.com
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Transcript of "Circulatory system"

  1. 1. Circulation Blood Vessels Heart Blood Diseases Circulatory System
  2. 2. Overview of Circulation <ul><li>Pulmonary circulation: blood flow between the heart and lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic circulation: blood flow from heart to rest of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac circulation: blood flow within the heart </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pathway of Blood Flow http://www.tracleer.com/Content/Images/heart-lung-circulation.jpg
  4. 4. Pathway of Blood Flow <ul><ul><li>(capillaries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vein pulmonary circulation Artery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HEART </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vein systemic circulation Artery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(capillaries) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Blood Vessel Function Vessel Function Examples Artery Transports blood AWAY from the heart Aorta Pulmonary artery Vein Transports blood TOWARDS the heart Vena cava Pulmonary vein Capillary Material exchange between blood and body Capillary beds found throughout body
  6. 6. Pathway of Blood Flow http://www.tracleer.com/Content/Images/heart-lung-circulation.jpg Artery Artery Vein Vein
  7. 7. Pathway of Blood Flow http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/06/92806-034-95B4D32F.jpg
  8. 8. Capillaries <ul><li>Walls made up of one thin layer of cells which allow for rapid diffusion of materials from blood to surrounding tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Materials exchanged: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gases: oxygen, carbon dioxide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrients & waste </li></ul></ul>http://faculty.stcc.edu/AandP/AP/imagesAP2/bloodvessels/endothelia.jpg
  9. 9. Gas Exchange in Capillaries of Body https://www.cdli.ca/courses/biol2201/unit03_org02_ilo02/cappillarya.JPG
  10. 10. Gas Exchange in Capillaries of Lung http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/37/92937-034-1E4EA526.jpg
  11. 11. Pathway of Blood Flow http://www.tracleer.com/Content/Images/heart-lung-circulation.jpg Artery Artery Vein Vein Oxygen Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide Oxygen
  12. 12. Gas Exchange in Capillaries Out In In lung In Out In body Carbon dioxide Oxygen Capillaries
  13. 13. Blood Vessel Structure Diagram Low Low High Pressure Vessel Wall Thickness Artery Thick Vein Thin Capillary Very thin
  14. 14. Blood Vessel & Blood Flow https://www.cdli.ca/courses/biol2201/unit03_org02_ilo02/b_activity.html
  15. 15. Blood Vessel & Blood Flow <ul><li>Elastic walls in arteries </li></ul>
  16. 16. Veins and Blood Flow <ul><li>Valves open when muscles contract, allowing blood to return to the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Valves close when muscles relax so that blood cannot flow backwards. </li></ul>http://www.thecosmeticveincenter.com/images/veins.png
  17. 17. Varicose Veins: Deformed Valves http://www.varicoseveinguide.com/images/varicoseveins2.jpg http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/263331/530wm/M2900102-Varicose_veins_affecting_the_leg_of_an_elderly_man-SPL.jpg
  18. 18. Capillaries and Blood Flow <ul><li>Small diameter in capillaries are only wide enough for red blood cells to travel in a single file </li></ul><ul><li>Red blood cells pull each other along like a chain </li></ul>http://antranik.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/red-blood-cells-in-a-capillary.jpg
  19. 19. Blood Flow in Blood Vessels Vessel Structure that aids blood flow Explanation Artery Elastic walls Walls expand & contract helping to pump blood Vein One-way valves Valves act as doors preventing backward blood flow Capillary Small circumference Blood cells travel in single file pulling each other along like a chain
  20. 20. The human heart
  21. 21. Cardiac Circulation <ul><li>4 chambers </li></ul><ul><li>4 valves </li></ul><ul><li>2 arteries </li></ul><ul><li>2 veins </li></ul><ul><li>Deoxygenated blood </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygenated blood </li></ul>http://www.sdm.scot.nhs.uk/images/pfo.jpg
  22. 22. Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava
  23. 23. Right atrium Tricuspid valve Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava
  24. 24. Right ventricle Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve
  25. 25. Pulmonary valve Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle
  26. 26. to right lung to left lung Pulmonary artery Pulmonary artery Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve
  27. 27. Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary artery
  28. 28. Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary artery from right lung from right lung from left lung from left lung
  29. 29. from right lung Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery from right lung Pulmonary artery from left lung from left lung Pulmonary vein Pulmonary vein
  30. 30. Left atrium Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein
  31. 31. Left ventricle Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Pulmonary artery Left atrium Pulmonary vein Mitral valve or bicuspid valve
  32. 32. Aortic valve Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Pulmonary artery Left atrium Pulmonary vein Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Left ventricle
  33. 33. Aorta Descending aorta Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Pulmonary artery Left atrium Pulmonary vein Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Aortic valve Left ventricle
  34. 34. Descending aorta Pulmonary artery Left atrium Pulmonary vein Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Aortic valve Left ventricle Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Right atrium Tricuspid valve Right ventricle Pulmonary valve Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Aorta
  35. 35. Left atrium Left ventricle Right atrium Right ventricle 4 Chambers
  36. 36. Mitral valve or bicuspid valve Aortic valve Tricuspid valve Pulmonary valve Atrioventricular valve Atrioventricular valve Semilunar valve Semilunar valve 4 Valves
  37. 37. Valves
  38. 38. Tricuspid Valve Mitral Valve Aortic Valve Tricuspid Valve
  39. 39. Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Superior vena cava Inferior vena cava Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Aorta Descending aorta Vein Vein Vein Artery Artery Artery Vein Artery 4 Blood Vessels
  40. 40. Cardiac Circulation http://humananatomyandphysiology.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/texas-heart-institute.jpg http://www.sdm.scot.nhs.uk/images/pfo.jpg
  41. 42. Cardiac Circulation Vena cava  right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary artery  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle  aorta  arteries  body  veins  Vena cava  right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary artery  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle  aorta  arteries  body  veins  Vena cava  right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary artery  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle  aorta  arteries  body  veins  Vena cava  right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary artery  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle  aorta  arteries  body  veins  Vena cava  right atrium  right ventricle  pulmonary artery  lungs  pulmonary vein  left atrium  left ventricle  aorta  arteries  body  veins 
  42. 43. The Pathway of Blood Flow <ul><ul><li>(capillaries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vein pulmonary circulation Artery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HEART </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vena Cava systemic circulation Aorta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(capillaries) </li></ul></ul>Pulmonary Pulmonary Right atrium Right ventricle Left atrium Left ventricle
  43. 44. Blood Components Type Structure Function % makeup Red blood cells No nucleus Disk-shaped, flexible Contains hemoglobin Transports oxygen 45 White blood cells Have a nucleus Short life span Fights infections <1 Platelets Made of cell fragments Blood clotting <1 Plasma Protein-rich liquid Contains electrolytes Carries blood cells 55
  44. 45. Red and White Blood Cells
  45. 46. Cardiovascular Diseases <ul><li>Atherosclerosis leading to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypertension </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arrhythmias </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Murmurs </li></ul><ul><li>Aneurysms </li></ul><ul><li>Congenital Heart Defects </li></ul>
  46. 47. Atherosclerosis
  47. 48. Atherosclerosis <ul><li>Accumulation of plaque on the artery wall </li></ul><ul><li>Coronary artery disease is when the plaque is in the coronary arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to blood clots and hypertension </li></ul>
  48. 49. Heart Attack <ul><li>Death of cardiac muscle cells due to lack of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Heart may stop pumping </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by blood clots in the coronary arteries </li></ul>
  49. 50. Hypertension <ul><li>Prolonged high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Heart is constantly pumping harder </li></ul><ul><li>Often due to narrowing of arteries from plaque buildup </li></ul><ul><li>Overuse leads to thickening of heart muscles making them less flexible and more inefficient at pumping </li></ul>
  50. 51. Atherosclerosis Treatments CORONARY BYPASS ANGIOPLASTY & STENT
  51. 52. Arrhythmia <ul><li>Heart beats irregularly </li></ul><ul><li>Arises from problems with the electrical activity of the heart </li></ul>
  52. 53. Electrocardiographs (ECGs) <ul><li>The electrical signals of the heart can be measured using a machine called an electrocardiograph (ECG). </li></ul>
  53. 54. Arrhythmia <ul><li>Treatment may include implanting an artificial pacemaker or small defibrillator </li></ul>
  54. 55. Heart Murmurs <ul><li>heart makes extra sounds due to leaking valves </li></ul>
  55. 56. Aortic Aneurysm <ul><li>Swelling of the aorta </li></ul>
  56. 57. Congential Heart Defect <ul><li>Defect of the structure of the heart and vessels, present at birth. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: A septal defect is a hole in the septum, which allows oxygenated and deoxygenated blood to mix. </li></ul><ul><li>9 out of 1000 people are born with congenital heart defects. </li></ul>
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