Forming Spanish Present Participles
(-ing words) to use in the
Present Progressive Tense
Take the last two letters off the verb infinitive:
Hablar (to speak) = habl
Comer (to eat) = com
Escribir (to write) = escrib
For –ar verbs add –ando
habl+ando = speaking
For –er and –ir verbs add -iendo
com+iendo = eating, escrib+iendo = writing
When a verb stem ends in a vowel:
For –er and –ir verbs, once you have removed the last two letters, if the stem
ends in a vowel add –yendo instead of –iendo.
Atraer = atra + yendo = atrayendo (attracting)
Caer = ca + yendo = cayendo (falling)
Construir = constru + yendo = construyendo (building)
Whenever an unstressed i appears between two vowels
use the- yendo ending instead of the –iendo ending.
The present participle of IR (to go)
is a special case
If you remove the –ir ending of IR you have nothing left,
so just go ahead and add yendo.
The present participle of IR is yendo (going).
Ll and Ñ stems
When the stem of an –er or and –ir verb ends in ll or ñ,
-iendo changes to –endo.
This is because ll and ñalready have the sound of an i at the end.
gruñir (to growl) = gruñ + endo = gruñendo (growling)
Change to the stem!
Some verbs also change in the stem when forming the present participle.
When an –ir verb has a stem change in the third person preterite (e>i or o>u)
it will have the same change in its present participle form.
Decir (to say) = dijo (he said) = diciendo (saying)
Hervir (to boil) = hirvió (it boiled) = herviendo (boiling)
Pedir (to ask for) = pido (he asked for) = pidiendo (asking for)
Venir (to come) = vino (he came) = viniendo (coming)
Dormir (to sleep) = durmió (he slept) = durmiendo (sleeping)
Want to apply what you’ve learnt?
These verbs all have stems that end in a vowel:
Creer – to believe
Leer – to read
Traer – to bring
Contribuir – to contribute
Huir – to flee, to run away
Influir – to influence
So what which ending will they use for their present participle?
-iendo, -ando, -endo or -yendo?
You’ve got it! - YENDO
Creer – to believe Creyendo = believing
Leer – to read Leyendo = reading
Traer – to bring Trayendo = bringing
Contribuir – to contribute Contribuyendo = contributing
Huir – to flee, to run away Huyendo = fleeing, running away
Influir – to influence Influyendo = influencing
What’s the present participle for IR (to go)?
Yup, you guessed it!
YENDO = going
And what happens when the verb stem
of an –er or –ir verb ends in ll or an ñ?
Because those letters contain the sound of an i at the end you can just add –
endo instead of –iendo.
Engullir = to gulp, guzzle, devour, wolf down
Engullendo = gulping, guzzling, devouring, wolfing down
And finally for those verbs that change in the
stem for their third person preterite form?
Just remember to keep the stem change for the present participle as well!
Competir (to compete) = compitió (he competed) = compitiendo (competing)
Conseguir (to get) = consiguió (he got) = consiguiendo (getting)
Morir (to die) = murió (he died) = muriendo (dying)