Work Work is defined as any activity which requires effort. E.g. Doing your homework.
Employment Employment is work carried out in return for payment. E.g. Working in a shop or babysitting for neighbours.
Work vs. EmploymentCooking dinner at home Fireman putting out fireWashing the clothes Doctor on callDoing your Homework Chef cooking food in barMowing the Lawn Rooney playing for Man Utd.
Unemployment Many people who want to work for payment are unable to find suitable employment. These people are said to be unemployed
Reasons for Unemployment The recession Some business close down because of the competition from other Irish or foreign firms Improvements in technology Drop in the number of people employed in agriculture in rural areas
Reducing Unemployment Irish people could buy more Irish-produced goods and thereby create more Irish jobs Irish people could start their own business People could work less overtime People who wish could be given the opportunity to job-share
Labour Force The labour force consists of all people who are available to work. The total number of people in Ireland who are available for work.
Labour Force includes: People who are employed People who are unemployed
It does not include: People who are retired People who are still in education Those who do not wish to work outside the home
Government InvolvementHow does the Government helpunemployed people? Unemployment benefit is paid to unemployed people Back-to-work programs are organised by SOLAS.
Re-training programmes are organised by VECs. Additional Benefits such as medical cards and rent allowance may be available to the unemployed.
Employees vs. Employers Employees: are people who work for others in exchange for payment.
Employers: are people who hire others to do the work for them in return for payment
Employees Rights and Responsibilities RIGHTS RESPONSIBILITIES Receive Fair Wage Honest and Trustworthy safe and healthy working Employee should do a conditions fair day’s work Join a trade union Be on time for work Receive correct holidays Respect the property of the employer Treated the same as other employees
Organisation of the WorkplaceOrganisation Structures An organisation structure shows the chain of authority in the firm from the owners right down to the most junior employees.