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People at work, Employers, Empoyees

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Junior Cert. Business Studies - People at work, Employers, Empoyees Chapter

Junior Cert. Business Studies - People at work, Employers, Empoyees Chapter

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  • 1. People at Work
  • 2. Work Work is defined as any activity which requires effort. E.g. Doing your homework.
  • 3. Employment Employment is work carried out in return for payment. E.g. Working in a shop or babysitting for neighbours.
  • 4. Work vs. EmploymentCooking dinner at home Fireman putting out fireWashing the clothes Doctor on callDoing your Homework Chef cooking food in barMowing the Lawn Rooney playing for Man Utd.
  • 5. Unemployment Many people who want to work for payment are unable to find suitable employment. These people are said to be unemployed
  • 6. Reasons for Unemployment The recession Some business close down because of the competition from other Irish or foreign firms Improvements in technology Drop in the number of people employed in agriculture in rural areas
  • 7. Reducing Unemployment Irish people could buy more Irish-produced goods and thereby create more Irish jobs Irish people could start their own business People could work less overtime People who wish could be given the opportunity to job-share
  • 8. Labour Force The labour force consists of all people who are available to work. The total number of people in Ireland who are available for work.
  • 9. Labour Force includes: People who are employed People who are unemployed
  • 10. It does not include: People who are retired People who are still in education Those who do not wish to work outside the home
  • 11. Government InvolvementHow does the Government helpunemployed people? Unemployment benefit is paid to unemployed people Back-to-work programs are organised by SOLAS.
  • 12.  Re-training programmes are organised by VECs. Additional Benefits such as medical cards and rent allowance may be available to the unemployed.
  • 13. Employees vs. Employers Employees: are people who work for others in exchange for payment.
  • 14.  Employers: are people who hire others to do the work for them in return for payment
  • 15. Employees Rights and Responsibilities RIGHTS RESPONSIBILITIES Receive Fair Wage  Honest and Trustworthy safe and healthy working  Employee should do a conditions fair day’s work Join a trade union  Be on time for work Receive correct holidays  Respect the property of the employer Treated the same as other employees
  • 16. Organisation of the WorkplaceOrganisation Structures An organisation structure shows the chain of authority in the firm from the owners right down to the most junior employees.
  • 17. TESCO ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
  • 18. Types of Jobs and Skills Skills – All employees of the firm will have certain tasks to perform within their department
  • 19. ProfessionalsSemi-skilled Skills Skilled Unskilled
  • 20. Services Creative Manual JobsAdministrative Clerical Technical

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