Marriage & Poverty: South Carolina
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Marriage & Poverty: South Carolina

on

  • 489 views

Marriage is America's #1 weapon against childhood poverty. This presentation details the impact of marriage on the probability of child poverty in South Carolina.

Marriage is America's #1 weapon against childhood poverty. This presentation details the impact of marriage on the probability of child poverty in South Carolina.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
489
Views on SlideShare
489
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Marriage & Poverty: South Carolina Marriage & Poverty: South Carolina Presentation Transcript

  • Marriage: South Carolina’s No. 1 Weapon Against Childhood PovertyHow the Collapse of Marriage Hurts Children and Three Steps to Reverse the Damage A Heritage Foundation Book of Charts • January 2012 Richard and Helen DeVos Center for Religion and Civil Society
  • Growth of Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing in South Carolina, 1929–2010 Throughout most of South PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCKCarolina’s history, out-of-wedlockchildbearing was rare. 50% 47.5% When the federal government’sWar on Poverty began in 1964,only 12.8 percent of children in 40%South Carolina were born out ofwedlock. However, over the nextfour decades, the number roserapidly. By 2010, 47.5 percent of 30%births in South Carolina occurredoutside of marriage. 20%Note: Initiated by President LyndonJohnson in 1964, the War on Povertyled to the creation of more than three 10%dozen welfare programs to aid poorpersons. Government has spent $16.7trillion on means-tested aid to the poorsince 1964. 0%Sources: U.S. Government, U.S. CensusBureau, and National Center for Health 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010Statistics. Chart 1 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Death of Marriage in South Carolina, 1929–2010 The marital birth rate—the PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN BORN TO MARRIED COUPLESpercentage of all births that occurto married parents—is the flip side 100%of the out-of-wedlock birth rate. Through most of the 20th cen-tury, marital births were the normin South Carolina. In 1964, over87 percent of births occurred tomarried couples. 80% However, in the mid-1960s, themarital birth rate began to fallsteadily. By 2010, only 52.5 per-cent of births in South Carolinaoccurred to married couples. 60% 52.5%Note: In any given year, the sum of theout-of-wedlock birth rate (Chart 1)and the marital birth rate (Chart 2)equals 100 percent of all births. 40%Sources: U.S. Government, U.S. CensusBureau, and National Center for Health 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010Statistics. Chart 2 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • In South Carolina, Marriage Drops the Probability of Child Povertyby 82 Percent The rapid rise in out-of-wedlock PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN THAT ARE POORchildbearing is a major cause of 50%high levels of child poverty inSouth Carolina. 40.9% Some 40.9 percent of single 40%mothers with children are poorcompared to 7.2 percent of mar-ried couples with children. Single-parent families with 30%children are nearly six times morelikely to be poor than families inwhich the parents are married. 20% The higher poverty rate amongsingle-mother families is due bothto the lower education levels of 10% 7.2%the mothers and the lower incomedue to the absence of the father. 0% Single-Parent, Married,Two-ParentSource: U.S. Census Bureau, American Female-Headed FamiliesCommunity Survey, 2007–2009 data. Families Chart 3 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Nearly Four in Ten of All Families with Children in South CarolinaAre Not MarriedOverall, married couples headabout six in ten families withchildren in South Carolina. Over39 percent are single-parentfamilies. Unmarried Families 39.1% Married Families 60.9%Source: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 2007–2009 data. Chart 4 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • In South Carolina, 77 Percent of Poor Families with ChildrenAre Not Married Among poor families withchildren in South Carolina, morethan three-quarters are notmarried. By contrast, only 23.3percent of poor families with Marriedchildren are headed by married Familiescouples. 23.3% Unmarried Families 76.7%Source: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 2007–2009 data. Chart 5 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • In South Carolina Few Unwed Births Occur to Teenagers Out-of-wedlock births are PERCENTAGE OF OUT-OF-WEDLOCK BIRTHSoften confused erroneously with BY AGE OF MOTHERteen births, but only 8.3 percentof out-of-wedlock births in UnderSouth Carolina occur to girls Age 18:under age 18. 8.3% By contrast, some 78 percent Ageof out-of-wedlock births occur 30–54:to young adult women between 13.3%the ages of 18 and 29. Age 18–19: 16.7% Age 25–29: 21.9% Age 20–24: 39.8%Note: Figures have been rounded.Source: U.S. Department of Health andHuman Services, Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, 2008 NHSdata. Chart 6 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Less Educated Women Are More Likely to Give BirthOutside of Marriage Unwed childbearing occurs PERCENTAGE OF BIRTHS THAT ARE MARITALmost frequently among the OR OUT OF WEDLOCKwomen who will have the greatest 100% 9.7% Unmarrieddifficulty supporting children by Mothersthemselves: those with low levels 90%of education. 43.6% 80% In South Carolina, among 62.1%women who are high school drop- 70%outs, about 73.8 percent of all 73.8%births occur outside marriage. 60%Among women who have only a 50%high school diploma, over 62 Married 90.3%percent of all births occur outside 40% Mothersmarriage. By contrast, among 56.4%women with at least a college 30% 37.9%degree, only 9.7 percent of births 20%are out of wedlock. 26.2% 10% 0% High School High School Some College Mother’s Dropout Graduate College Graduate educationSource: U.S. Department of Health and (0–11 (12 (13–15 (16+ levelHuman Services, Centers for Disease Years) Years) Years) Years)Control and Prevention, 2008 NHS data. Chart 7 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Both Marriage and Education Are Highly Effective in ReducingChild Poverty in South Carolina The poverty rate of married PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES Poverty Rate of Families bycouples with children is dramati- WITH CHILDREN THAT Single Education and Marital Statuscally lower than the rate for house- ARE POOR Married of the Head of Householdholds headed by single parents. 80%This is true even when the marriedcouple is compared to single par- 70% 67.1%ents with the same education level. 60% For example, in South Carolina,the poverty rate for a single 50%mother who has only a high 42.7%school diploma is 42.7 percent, 40%but the poverty rate for a married 31.6%couple family headed by an indi- 30%vidual who, similarly, has only a 23.5%high school degree is far lower at 20%9.4 percent. 12.4% 10% 9.4% On average, marriage drops the 4.7% 1.7%poverty rate by about 79 percent 0%among families with the same High School High School Some Collegeeducation level. Dropout Graduate College GraduateSource: U.S. Census Bureau, American Note: Virtually none of the heads of families in the chart who are high schoolCommunity Survey, 2005–2009 data. dropouts are minor teenagers. Chart 8 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Unwed Birth Rates Vary Strongly by Race in South Carolina Out-of-wedlock childbearing PERCENT OF BIRTHS THAT ARE OUT OF WEDLOCKvaries considerably by race. 80% 78.0% In 2008, 47.8 percent of birthsin South Carolina occurred out- 8.3%side marriage. The rate was lowest 70%among non-Hispanic whites atabout three in ten births (30.1 60%percent). Among Hispanics, abouthalf of births were out of wedlock. 49.8% 50% 47.8%Among blacks, almost eight in tenbirths were to unmarried women(78 percent). 40% 30.1% 30% 20% 10% 0%Source: U.S. Department of Health andHuman Services, Centers for Disease All Races White Hispanic BlackControl and Prevention, 2008 NHS Non- Non-data. Hispanic Hispanic Chart 9 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Growth of Unwed Childbearing by Race in South Carolina, 1934–2008 Historically, out-of-wedlock PERCENTAGE OF CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCKchildbearing has been somewhat 80% Black Non-more frequent among blacks than Hispanicamong whites. However, prior to 78.0%the onset of the federal 70%government’s War on Poverty in1964, the rates for both whites andblacks were comparatively low. 60% In 1964, around one in forty Hispanic(2.4 percent) white children were 50% 49.8%born outside marriage. By 2008,the number had risen to over three 40%in ten (30.1 percent). In 1964, about one in four black White Non- 30%children (27.4 percent) were born Hispanic 30.1%outside marriage. By 2008, the 20%number had risen to over three infour (78 percent). 10% 0%Sources: U.S. Government, U.S. Census 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008Bureau, and National Center for HealthStatistics. Chart 10 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Racial Composition of All Births and Out-of-Wedlock Birthsin South Carolina In South Carolina in 2008, some ALL BIRTHS OUT-OF-WEDLOCK BIRTHS55 percent of all births occurred tonon-Hispanic whites, 32.7 percentoccurred to non-Hispanic blacks,and 9.9 percent occurred to His-panics. 55% White Non- 34.6% Because blacks and Hispanics Hispanicare more likely to have childrenwithout being married, theyaccount for disproportionately 10.3%larger shares of all out-of-wedlockbirths. In South Carolina in 2008, 34.6percent of all non-marital births 9.9% Hispanicwere to non-Hispanic whites, 53.4percent were to black non- 53.4%Hispanic women, and 10.3 percentwere to Hispanics. Black Non- 32.7% HispanicSource: U.S. Department of Health and Asian/OtherHuman Services, Centers for Disease 2.4% 1.7%Control and Prevention, 2008 NHSdata. Note: Figures have been rounded. Chart 11 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Non-Married White Families Are Six Times More Likely to Be Poorin South Carolina Marriage leads to lower poverty PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES THAT ARE POORrates for whites, blacks, and His-panics. 24% 25% For example, in 2009, thepoverty rate for married whitefamilies in South Carolina was 3.8percent. But the poverty rate for 20%non-married white families wasmore than six times higher at 24percent. 15% 10% 5% 3.8% 0% Married Families Non-Married FamiliesSource: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 2007–2009 data. Chart 12 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Non-Married Black Families Are Four Times More Likely to Be Poorin South Carolina In 2009, the poverty rate for PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES THAT ARE POORmarried black couples in SouthCarolina was 9 percent, while the 38.6% 40%poverty rate for non-married blackfamilies was four times higher at38.6 percent. 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 9% 5% 0% Married Families Non-Married FamiliesSource: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 2007–2009 data. Chart 13 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Non-Married Hispanic Families Are About Three Times More Likelyto Be Poor in South Carolina In 2009, the poverty rate for PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES THAT ARE POORHispanic married families in SouthCarolina was 18.4 percent, while 49.9% 50%the poverty rate among non-married families was almost threetimes higher at 49.9 percent. 40% 30% 20% 18.4% 10% 0% Married Families Non-Married FamiliesSource: U.S. Census Bureau, AmericanCommunity Survey, 2007–2009 data. Chart 14 • Marriage and Poverty in South Carolina heritage.org
  • Three Steps to Reduce Child Poverty through Marriage1) Provide information on the benefits of marriage in reducing child poverty and improving child well-being. Marriage is a highly effective institution which greatly decreases parental and child poverty while improving long-term outcomes for children. Conversely, the absence of marriage greatly increases welfare costs and imposes added burdens on taxpayers. Unfortunately, almost no information on these topics is available in low-income communities. This information deficit should be corrected in the following manner: • Explain the benefits of marriage in middle and high schools with a high proportion of at-risk youth; • Create public education campaigns in low-income communities on the benefits of marriage; and, • Require federally funded birth control clinics to provide information on the benefits of marriage and the skills needed to develop stable families to interested low-income clients.2) Reduce anti-marriage penalties in means-tested welfare programs.3) Promote life-goal-planning, marriage-strengthening, and divorce-reduction programs to increase healthy marriages and reduce divorce and separation.
  • The Family & Religion Initiative is one of 10 Transformational Initiatives making up The HeritageFoundation’s Leadership for America campaign. For more products and information related to this initiativeor to learn more about the Leadership for America campaign, please visit heritage.org. The Heritage Foundation is a research and educational institution—a think tank—whose mission is toformulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited gov-ernment, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense. Our vision is to build an America where freedom, opportunity, prosperity, and civil society flourish. Asconservatives, we believe the values and ideas that motivated our Founding Fathers are worth conserving.As policy entrepreneurs, we believe the most effective solutions are consistent with those ideas and values. 214 Massachusetts Avenue, NE • Washington, D.C. 20002 • (202) 546-4400 • heritage.org