Controlling The MediaThe Watershed TV has a policy that before 9pm their programmes should be suitable for audiences that include children. After the 9pm watershed, warnings must be given if programmes contain sex, violence, bad language or anything that could cause offence.Mary Whitehouse said “if violence is shown as normal on tv, it will lead to aviolent society.” She was the first and most famous person to express fearsabout the effects of television on society. As a Christian and a teacher, shebelieved that TV was attacking Christian values an undermining family life. 1) Copy out what Mary Whitehouse said. 2) Do you agree with what she says? Give reasons and examples for your answer.Mediawatch-uk (otherwise known as National Viewers and ListenersAssociation NVALA) believes that media have a moral responsibility to society.However, other people take the view that television only reflects what ishappening in society. 3) What do YOU think? Does television influence the decline in marriage, increase one-parent families and divorce, the rise in sexual offences etc??Controlling the PressThe British National Union of Journalists (NUJ) – defends the freedomof the press and sets rules for publishing and deals with complaints.However, journalists must: Report fairly and accurately Not encourage discrimination, ridicule, prejudice or hatred 4) Do you think the Press always follow these rules? Give reasons/examples 4) Can you thinkopinion. examples where these rules have been broken in to back up your of any relationcould the use of adult papers/magazines be seen as wrong in 5) How to religion? Christianity? 6) How could young people be influenced by the press?
The Religious Broadcasting Act 1990This requires the BBC, ITV and the Radio Authority to: • Act responsibly in terms of religious broadcasting • Have respect for listeners and their beliefs • Avoid broadcasting anything which might be offensive towards the views and beliefs of members of a religion or denomination.Religious programmes must not be used for recruiting followers, nor must theyseek to persuade or influence listeners by preying on their fears. 7) Do you think that we need this law? 8) Do you know any religious programmes that are regularly on TV? 9) Can you think of any non-religious programmes that encourage people to live a moral life? 10) How is religion presented in soaps?From the 16th century to the mid-19th century, blasphemy against Christianity(applies mainly to the Church of England) was held as an offence againstcommon law. It was only in 2008 that this law was abolished by the Labourgovernment. Some of the contents are now covered in The Racial and ReligiousHatred Act 2006.The Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006 is an Act of the Parliament of theUnited Kingdom which creates an offence in England and Wales of incitinghatred against a person on the grounds of their religion. 11) Do you believe that any of the programmes/films/cartoons we have looked at could be inciting religious hatred? Give reasons for your opinion.