Consolidation

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  • Consolidation

    1. 1. MUSSOLINI Fascist consolidation of power
    2. 2. CONSOLIDATION OF POWER What do we mean by consolidation of power?
    3. 3. FIRST STEPS
    4. 4. FIRST STEPS
    5. 5. FIRST STEPS Get the government on side
    6. 6. FIRST STEPS Get the government on side Convince them nothing has really changed - only law and order needed to be restored
    7. 7. FIRST STEPS Get the government on side Convince them nothing has really changed - only law and order needed to be restored Only 32 Fascist deputies in government - had to form a coalition of right- wing elements
    8. 8. EMERGENY POWERS
    9. 9. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone.
    10. 10. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it.
    11. 11. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it. Many in the centre and right had had enough of trasformismo.
    12. 12. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it. Many in the centre and right had had enough of trasformismo. Giolitti, Salandra and Orlando voted for Mussolini to be granted emergency powers.
    13. 13. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it. Many in the centre and right had had enough of trasformismo. Giolitti, Salandra and Orlando voted for Mussolini to be granted emergency powers.
    14. 14. SQUADRISTI
    15. 15. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them.
    16. 16. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them. Ras, like Farinacci wanted to control the state using a violent revolution. This was too far for Mussolini.
    17. 17. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them. Ras, like Farinacci wanted to control the state using a violent revolution. This was too far for Mussolini. Mussolini needed to asert his authority
    18. 18. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them. Ras, like Farinacci wanted to control the state using a violent revolution. This was too far for Mussolini. Mussolini needed to asert his authority
    19. 19. FASCIST MILITIA
    20. 20. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them.
    21. 21. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them. He created the militia and incorporated 300,000 squadristi directly under his control.
    22. 22. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them. He created the militia and incorporated 300,000 squadristi directly under his control. Ex-army officers were put in charge, to undermine the Ras.
    23. 23. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them. He created the militia and incorporated 300,000 squadristi directly under his control. Ex-army officers were put in charge, to undermine the Ras.
    24. 24. CHEKA
    25. 25. CHEKA Mussolini’s personal bodyguard.
    26. 26. CHEKA Mussolini’s personal bodyguard. Terrorised his opponents.
    27. 27. CHEKA Mussolini’s personal bodyguard. Terrorised his opponents.
    28. 28. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL
    29. 29. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL Created by Mussolini to keep leading Fascists under his control
    30. 30. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL Created by Mussolini to keep leading Fascists under his control Mussolini led the committee.
    31. 31. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL Created by Mussolini to keep leading Fascists under his control Mussolini led the committee.
    32. 32. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY
    33. 33. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power.
    34. 34. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power. Economic advantages.
    35. 35. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power. Economic advantages. Nationalists also joined the party.
    36. 36. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power. Economic advantages. Nationalists also joined the party.

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