What do we know about happiness

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Slides from a seminar which I led — translated to English. Lots of important points are missing... but hey.

Slides from a seminar which I led — translated to English. Lots of important points are missing... but hey.

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  • 1. Happiness… what do we know about it?
  • 2. To be stupid, selfish, and have good health are three requirements for happiness, though if stupidity is lacking, all is lost. Gustave Flaubert
  • 3. Smart people against happiness: Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  • 4. Smart people against happiness: Every happiness is but lent by chance for an uncertain time, and may therefore be demanded back the next hour. Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  • 5. Smart people against happiness: The intention that man should be happy is not included in the plan of Creation. Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  • 6. Smart people against happiness: @#%$*$( happiness %^!#@ (^*)!@#!@__*#@!^#!!!! Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  • 7. Amount of articles in psychology 359,295 magazines from 1887 to 2003: 242,134 93,381 38,349 43,529 23,790 933 4,247 Prophy- Therapy Courage Fear Happiness Depression lactics Good BAD
  • 8. Who needs happiness?
  • 9. They do: Martin Mihaly Daniel Sonja Ed Seligman Csikszentmihalyi Gilbert Lyubomirsky Diener
  • 10. They are positive psychologists
  • 11. They research happiness (maybe not exactly this way)
  • 12. They research, how happiness links to... Intellect Money Income Love All the rest…?
  • 13. For instance: Is it true, that only fools are happy? Source: Lisa Simpson
  • 14. Is this happiness?
  • 15. Actually… H A P There’s a mildly P positive correlation I between happiness N E and intelligence. S S INTELLIGENCE Source: Choi and Veenhoven (2008)
  • 16. Is it true that happiness leads to laziness?
  • 17. Actually, happy people are MORE achievement oriented. Source: Lyubomirsky, King, Diener (2005)
  • 18. In companies, where happy people work… Customer Personnel Work-related Productivity satisfaction turnover injuries Profits Source: Harter, Schmidt (2002)
  • 19. Happy people earn more: Happy in 1976: Income in 1990: :-( $50,000 :-) $65,000 Source: Diener, 2008
  • 20. Does money bring happiness?
  • 21. To some extent — yes Text
  • 22. If everybody’s poor —  êÓÒÒËfl there’s no difference.
  • 23. The richer — the happier
  • 24. Nobody to envy again. êÓÒÒËfl
  • 25. The real income increased by 100%, but the happiness level is…
  • 26. In the US, as of today: 10 9 8 7.85 Happiness 7 6.38 6 5 level 4 3 2 1 < 10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 150 > 200 Income, thousand US$ per year Source: Lucas and Schimmack (forthcoming)
  • 27. Money could make you happier, but if they are TOO important for you...
  • 28. Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
  • 29. If you are concerned with money you are more likely to be unhappy. Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
  • 30. Happiness is in marriage!
  • 31. It’s a popular opinion… What makes you happy? 37% 22% 26% 15% Family life Friends Work Income Source: Loewenstein
  • 32. Marriage correlates with happiness  10% Married are happier than   single
  • 33. However, there are some nuances… Got married Got divorced Source: Diener (2008)
  • 34. Wedding!... The effect lasts for ~ 2 years
  • 35. Children: Small negative impact* *Yes, that’s shocking! Source: Gilbert, 2007
  • 36. Exception: women with their first child
  • 37. Friends are more reliable: if you can name 5 or more close friends you are 60% more likely to be very happy. Source: Myers, 1992
  • 38. Good health is essential! 
  • 39. Typical emotions of a recovering patient Point of recovery Source: Diener (2008)
  • 40. Gerald is the happiest person I ever met.
  • 41. Older people are happier! Happiness Age Source: BHPS
  • 42. True happiness lies in faith.
  • 43. Percentage of very happy people in the US: 41% 36% 21% 16% Atheists Former believers Believers New believers
  • 44. But this is true only for religious countries. (Also, non-religious Denmark and Netherlands are happier than the US.) Denmark India Nepal Afghanistan
  • 45. So where is it?
  • 46. Factors that affect happiness: Income Employment 10% Family status Genes Health Age 50% Religiousness 40% Hedonic affect Flow Meaning of life Source: Lyubomirsky (2008), consensus estimate
  • 47. Pleasures bring happiness (nothing new)
  • 48.  But not the purchases — activities! (people adapt easily)
  • 49. Source: Fontane (1996) Start +12% to the exercising: happiness level
  • 50. Sleep enough: minus 8% for every hour if less than 8 hours Source: Pilcher, Ott (1998)
  • 51. Sex* = a lot of happiness * with someone you like ;-) Source: Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz and Stone (2003)
  • 52. Happiness is in the FLOW
  • 53. The flow is a psychological state where things just happen… Too hard Challenge lo w F Too boring Skills Source: Csikszentmihalyi (1975)
  • 54. Work that you like: +28% Source: Thakar and Misra (1995)
  • 55. Monetize! Stop doing! Can do Happiness There’s Want a market to do for that Source: loosely adapted from Practice! Jim Collins’ Good to Great
  • 56. There’s only one thing you need to know about sustained individual success: "Discover what you don't like doing and stop doing it." — Marcus Buckingham
  • 57. Happiness is finding the meaning of life
  • 58. Does your life have meaning? Yes No Happy 70% 30% 30% 70% Unhappy Source: Lepper, 1996
  • 59. The secret of happiness is finding something bigger than you and devoting your life to it. — Daniel Dennett (he’s an atheist)
  • 60. What’s YOUR Holy Grail?
  • 61. What are you SEEKING? (maybe not exactly this way)
  • 62. Alexei Kapterev kapterev@gmail.com Contents: www.newcode.ru Slide design: www.kapterev.com