Community Ownership of Renewable Energy: Global Best Practices & Opportunities for Turkey

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Mümtaz Derya Tarhan underlines the economic, social and environmental benefits of community ownership in renewable energy; and highlights some of the best case practices by renewable energy …

Mümtaz Derya Tarhan underlines the economic, social and environmental benefits of community ownership in renewable energy; and highlights some of the best case practices by renewable energy co-operatives and local governments from around the world. Tarhan also looks into potential ownership models that may succeed in Turkey.

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  • Yerelpaydaşlartarafındanprojeninmülkiyetinin (yanimasraflarınınvegelirlerinin) ortaklaşapaylaşılması
  • Sadecebuülkelerdedeğilelbette; dünyanındörtbiryanında, değişikkoşullarda, mekanlardaveteknolojilerdebuprojelergeliştirilmektedir.
  • According to local needs/resources
  • Okuliçinucuzelektrik, yerelyatırımcılaraenerjisatışındangelir
  • According to local needs/resources
  • According to local needs/resources
  • Yerelelektrikdağıtımıvetoplusatın alma kooperatifleri
  • Kırsalalanda
  • Kentselalanda
  • Buradaçokfazlabilgivedeneyimbirikimivar, bazıkonulardafikiralışverişindebulunabileceğinidüşünüyorum.

Transcript

  • 1. COMMUNITY OWNERSHIP of RENEWABLE ENERGY Global Best Practices & Opportunities For Turkey MümtazDeryaTarhan June 28,2013
  • 2. Alternative Ownership Models   Ownership of renewable energy systems by local shareholders Ownership Models        Co-operatives Local Governments Civil society organizations Local schools, faith buildings, community buildings… Individual Owners/Farmers Partnerships between these actors LOCAL NEEDS, LOCAL SOLUTIONS
  • 3. Benefits of Local Ownership Local Economic Activity   50% of all economic activity returns directly to the pockets of owners (2 MW wind project, Germany) Resources that stay in the community are five-fold compared to outside-owned projects (1 MW wind project, Iowa)
  • 4. Benefits of Local Ownership Job Creation   Community projects generate 1.1 to 1.3 times more construction, and 1.1 to 2.8 times more operations & maintenance jobs than outsideowned ones (Massachusetts, Texas, Minnesota, U.S.A.) In Ontario, community projects are expected to generate 47% more jobs for wind and 50% for solar compared to outside-owned ones for the next 20 years
  • 5. Renewable Energy Co-operatives  Shared ownership: Direct stake in the energy sector  Shared costs: Lower personal financial burden  Shared benefits: Sense of belonging, community  Democratic governance  Participatory decision-making  One member one vote principle
  • 6. RE Co-ops Around the World Denmark  Over 100 wind co-ops  3/4 of country’s windmills with 3,000 owned  150,000 families are members Germany  600 renewable energy co-operatives  80,000 citizens are members  As of Spring 2012 total of 800m Euros invested for 290,000 MWh of power
  • 7. Westmill Solar Cooperative     5 MW solar ground England, U K £4m raised 1650 members
  • 8. Green Energy Nyland     15 kW solar on local school’s rooftop Suffolk, Engl and £37,900 34 members
  • 9. WindShare Co-operative  750 kW wind  Toronto, Canada    Joint Venture with Toronto Hydro First urban wind turbine in North America 600 members
  • 10. West Java Hydro Co-operatives    Villages in West Java, Indonesia Micro hydro systems owned and operated locally Rural electrification / protection from coal
  • 11. Other Types of Coops in the Sector Utility Co-operatives  Ecopower Co-op    Energy co-ops purchasing their local grids   in Belgium 43,000 members including producers and consumers i.e. Feldheim, Germany 900 Rural Electric Co-ops in U.S.  47 states, 42 million member/customers Collective Purchasing  Mount Pleasant Solar Co-op in Washington DC
  • 12. Local Governments & Co-ops  Local governments are/should be best aware of the local population’s;  energy,  economic,  social and  environmental needs/assets  This puts them in an ideal position to partner with the local population in energy projects through co-ops
  • 13. Local Government Projects in Turkey  Köprübaşı, Manisa ‘‘Dripping Sun’’ solarpowered irrigation system  Reversed outward migration   Akbıyık Village in Bursa  Wind project to fight energy poverty
  • 14. Local Government Projects in Turkey  Gürsu, Bursa  Solar park project in local
  • 15. Discussion    Where do you see the potential for renewable energy co-operatives in Turkey? How can Turkey benefit from success models elsewhere? Local government – co-operative partnerships in Turkey?