CBI Northern Ireland Annual Energy Forum - Invest Northern Ireland

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Olive Hill, director of Technology & Process Development, Invest Northern Ireland …

Olive Hill, director of Technology & Process Development, Invest Northern Ireland

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  • 1. CBI NI Annual Energy Forum Date, Wednesday 28th January 2009 Olive Hill Director of Technology & Process Development
  • 2. Evidence of a changing climate?
  • 3. Mounting Evidence
  • 4. Energy ????…. (NREL)
  • 5. Where is it going? (NREL)
  • 6. State Policy Framework Renewable Portfolio Standards (NREL)
  • 7.
    • “ $16 trillion (or $550 billion per year) will need to be spent on the energy supply infrastructure globally between now and 2030”
    • International Energy Agency
    • “ 35 GW of new renewable energy capacity involving an investment of some £100 billion is needed by 2020”
    • UK Renewables
    • “ On site renewables worth up to £36 billion a year by 2016”
    • Renewable Advisory Board (UK)
    Headlines
  • 8. Invest NI Interest
    • Government Policy
    • Climate Change Targets
    • Renewables
    Energy Efficiency - Competiveness Growing Market – Opportunities - Competiveness R&D Capabilities - Innovation
  • 9. Short-term0-5 Years Medium-term5-15 Years Long-term 15-25 Years Diversity Inc onshore wind Electricity, Infrastructure Transport Bio fuels Demand side management Offshore Wind Dynamic Large scale power e.g. Clean coal Energy “nodes” Wave/Tidal Hydrogen storage Dynamic high efficiency 4th generation Nuclear Decentralise Community wind, biomass district heating, Anaerobic digestion for farm wastes AD energy from MSW, Biomass gasification Community CHP Marine Biomass Fuel cells, Virtual power stations Decrease Air-source retrofit Heat Pumps Solar thermal Advanced Glazing Enhanced Micro-chp Low cost Vacuum Insulated Panels Nano-based insulations PV Concentrators Organic PV
  • 10. Technology Options Are Evolving (NREL) Concept Study Prototype Testing KW Scale MW Scale GW Scale Utility Wind (Land based) Offshore Wind (Bottom Mounted) Offshore Wind (Floating Turbines) Marine Energy * (Wave, Tidal, current) Distributed Wind (communities-residencies) Organisations leading the R&D Industry leaders with government support Government-Industry Partnership Government Laboratory Contactors Academia & Small Startups Organisations leading the R&D Grain / Agriculture Petroleum Coal Forestry Academia & Startups Chemical Ethanol Biodiesel Green diesel Syngas Liquids Bio-oil Derivative H2 From Biomass Diesel from Algae Hydrocarbons from Carbohydrates High Low Lab / Academia Industry Organisations leading the R&D First Generation PV: Crystalline Silicon Trough - Solar Only Trough – Indirect 2-Tank Molten Salt Storage Second Generation PV: Thin films Trough – Advanced Direct Storage Concentrating PV Power Tower – Direct 2 Tank Molten Salt Storage Dish Stirling Third Generation PV: Organic / Plastic, nanostructures High Low Organisations leading the R&D HVAC Industry Industry Industry, Academia, DOE DOE, Academia, Industry Geothermal Heat Pumps Direct Thermal Applications Conventional Hydrothermal Generation Enhanced Geothermal Systems
  • 11. Existing Research and Development Commitments
    • Advanced Fuel Cells
    • Advanced Motor Fuels
    • Bioe nergy
    • Buildings and Community Systems (ECBCS)
    • Clean Coal Sciences
    • Demand-Side Management
    • Emissions Reduction in Combustion
    • Energy Storage
    • Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme (ETSAP)
    • Enhanced Oil Recovery
    • UK UK and Ireland
    • Fluidized Bed Conversion
    • Heat Pumping Technologies
    • High-Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) on the Electric Power Sector
    • Hydrogen
    • Hydropower
    • Ocean Ener gy Systems
    • Photovoltaic Power Systems
    • Renewable Energy Technology Deployment
    • Solar Heating and Cooling
    • Wind Ener gy Systems
  • 12. Technology Innovation Challenges Remain The Next Generation
      • • Wind– Improve energy capture by 30%
      • – Decrease costs by 25%
      • • Biofuels– New feedstocks
      • – Integrated biorefineries
      • • Solar– Improved performance through, new materials, lower cost manufacturing processes, concentration
      • – Nanostructures
      • • Zero energy buildings– Building systems integration
      • – Computerized building energy optimization tools
      • • Advanced vehicles– Plug-in hybrids/electrics
      • – Alternative fuels
  • 13.
    • Integrated Building Technologies
    • Offshore energy (including wind, tidal, wave)
    • Wind
    • GB - 7,000 offshore turbines / £64 billion
    • ROI - £4 billion / 5 years
    • Marine
    • UK - £36m Marine turbine research
    • £50 m Wave power research
    • Bio Energy
    • AD
    • Bio fuels
    • Energy Storage
    • Current annual £21 billion globally, 55%, £33 billion by 2012
    Four areas of development opportunity
  • 14. Making Transformational Change Requires an integrated approach (NREL) Unleashing market-driven innovation