What the heck is Satire? Mr. Brightman & Mr. Bray & help from the Pre-AP Guide
Satire: a definition <ul><li>NOUN: </li></ul><ul><li>1. A literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony, derision, or wit. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Branch of literature constituting such works. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Irony, sarcasm, or caustic wit used to attack or expose folly, vice, or stupidity. </li></ul>
Irony -- Verbal <ul><li>Verbal Irony occurs when a speaker or narrator says one thing while meaning the opposite. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: It is easy to stop smoking. I’ve done it many times. </li></ul>
Irony -- Situational <ul><li>Situational irony occurs when a situation turns out differently from what one would normally expect -- often the twist is oddly appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: A deep sea diver drowning in a bathtub is ironic. </li></ul>
Irony -- Dramatic <ul><li>Dramatic Irony occurs when a character or speaker says or does something that has different meanings from what he or she thinks it means, though the audience and other characters understand the full implications of the speech or action. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Oedipus curses the murderer of Laius, not realizing that he is himself the murderer and so is cursing himself. </li></ul>
Pun <ul><li>A pun is a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings. Puns can have serious as well as humorous uses. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: When Mercutio is bleeding to death in Romeo and Juliet, he says to his friends, “Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man.” </li></ul>
Oxymoron <ul><li>Oxymoron is a form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: “sweet sorrow” or “cold fire.” </li></ul>
Sarcasm <ul><li>Sarcasm is the use of verbal irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “As I fell down the stairs headfirst, I heard her say, ‘Look at that coordination.’” </li></ul>
Hyperbole <ul><li>Hyperbole is a deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration. It may be used for either serious or comic effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “The shot heard ‘round the world.” </li></ul>
Juxtaposition <ul><li>Juxtaposition is comparing two items side by side. It can be used to point out the ridiculousness of one of the items. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Look back at your Candide quiz number one for an example this in question number 4. </li></ul>
Satirical Comic Book <ul><li>You will make a Comic Book which satirizes something. You choose the topic -- but make fun of it! </li></ul><ul><li>In your Comic Book, you will include examples of juxtaposition, hyperbole, pun, sarcasm, and irony. </li></ul>
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