Reforms
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Reforms Presentation Transcript

  • 1. People Fighting for Change
    REFORM
  • 2. Reform
    To put or change into an improved form or condition
    To amend or improve by change of form or removal of faults or abuses
    To put an end to (an evil) by enforcing or introducing a better method or course of action
  • 3. Second Great Awakening
    Revivals (meetings with hundreds of people) strengthened, or revived, people’s religious feelings.
    First great era of reform.
    Various types:
    Health
    Education
    Prison and mental
    institutions
    Religious
  • 4. Abolitionist
    Someone who wants to abolish, or end, slavery in the United States
    Went a step further as women began to think about their own rights.
  • 5. Temperance
    Means moderation
    Crusade to stop the drinking of alcohol.
  • 6. Frederick Douglas
    Born into slavery in Maryland, escaped to New York by posing as a free sailor.
    Traveled the country speaking for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society.
    Wrote a book about the horrors of slavery.
  • 7. William Lloyd Garrison
    Began The Liberator
    Equal rights for blacks and whites
    In some places The Liberator was burned and mail carriers refused to deliver it.
    $5000 reward offered for his arrest
  • 8. Sarah and Angelina Grimke
    Daughters of a wealthy South Carolina judge and plantation owner
    Felt slavery was inconsistent with justice and humanity
    Moved to the North so they could work against slavery.
    First women to speak publicly for the abolitionist cause.
  • 9. Harriet Tubman
    Felt she had a right to liberty or death and meant to have one of them, so she fled from the plantation in the middle of the night.
    She headed for the house of a white woman who was helping escaped slaves.
    Began her journey on the Underground Railroad.
  • 10. The woman gave her two slips of paper with names of families on route north who would help her. Her first “railroad tickets”
    Traveled over 90 miles at night, through swamps and woodlands to freedom.
    Went back and helped over 300 people escape
    Thousands of dollars offered for her capture.
  • 11. Sojourner Truth
    Born into slavery
    Freed at age 30
    At age 47 began speaking about the evils of slavery
    Her name meant to travel telling the truth
    Women’s rights convention in Akron, Ohio
  • 12. Lucretia Mott
    Founder of the American Antislavery Society
    Helped write a statement modeled after the Declaration of Independence that stated all men and women are created equal
  • 13. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    Worked with Lucretia Mott and held a meeting at her house
    They decided to hold a convention to discus the “social, civil, and religious conditions and rights of women.
    Over 240 people attended the convention in her hometown of Seneca Falls
  • 14. Seneca Falls Convention
    World’s first women’s rights convention
    Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions
    Set agenda for women’s rights movement that followed
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men and women are created equal…”
    -Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1848
  • 15. Horace Mann
    Common School Movement
    Believed education was a way to fight poverty
    School year extended
    Established more high schools
    Improved teacher training
  • 16. Other Reformers
    Dorothea Dix
    Attempted to reform prisons and insane asylums
    Dr. Sylvester Graham
    Invented graham crackers as an alternative to bread that had additives