Peer Coaching


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  • Peer Coaching

    1. 1. Peer Coaching David Williams Ron Acheson
    2. 2. <ul><li>What are some characteristics of effective instruction? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you know if a teacher is being effective? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you collect data on teacher effectiveness? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you improve curriculum? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Need <ul><li>Historically, PD done in in-service training that was one-size fit all </li></ul><ul><li>No follow up </li></ul><ul><li>Limited value/disconnect </li></ul><ul><li>Costly </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is Peer Coaching? <ul><li>Peer coaching is a strategy where one or more teachers form a partnership with one another for the purpose of observing , recording , and providing feedback of teaching behaviors (Hasbrouck & Christen, 1997). </li></ul>
    5. 5. 3 characteristics <ul><li>1. Not used for evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Includes observation followed by feedback </li></ul><ul><li>3. Focus is on improving instructional techniques </li></ul>
    6. 6. What it looks like 2 basic forms <ul><li>1.Teachers as experts </li></ul><ul><li>2. Reciprocal teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Based on how the coaching is done and by whom is doing the coaching </li></ul>
    7. 7. Design and implementation <ul><li>Begins with an open and trusting relationship between teaching pairs </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-conference </li></ul><ul><li>Identify clear, concise, measurable targeted behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Post-conference </li></ul>
    8. 8. Advantages <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Improves climate </li></ul><ul><li>Professional dialoguing </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effective </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on instructional improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Fine tune existing skills </li></ul>
    9. 9. Roles of Peer Teaching 1. Principle <ul><li>Introduce and research </li></ul><ul><li>Delegate </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Development Time </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Support and Monitor </li></ul>
    10. 10. Roles cont. 2. Veteran Teachers <ul><li>Brain Stormers </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders and Initiators </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble Shooters </li></ul><ul><li>Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborators </li></ul>
    11. 11. Roles cont. 3. Teachers <ul><li>Receptive and participatory </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive and Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Collectors of data </li></ul><ul><li>Implementers </li></ul>
    12. 12. Trouble Shooting 1. Trust <ul><li>Pick their own coaches </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty and reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Put the focus on the students </li></ul><ul><li>Possible development </li></ul>Shiloh High School in Georgia found, “Teachers who worked together experienced increased trust, particularly since learning situations involved choice on their part (Arnau et al, 2004 p.36).”
    13. 13. Trouble Shooting cont. 2. Do not make it an evaluation . <ul><li>Peer coaching is a learning tool! </li></ul><ul><li>Initiates conformability and the use of </li></ul><ul><li>new techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces fear of failure </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize immediate verbal feedback </li></ul>
    14. 14. Trouble Shooting cont. Make the educator teaching the lesson the “ coach” <ul><li>Reduces stress </li></ul><ul><li>The observer becomes the learner </li></ul><ul><li>Creates excitement over teaching a lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases the possibility of becoming a </li></ul><ul><li>supervisory program </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a learning community </li></ul>
    15. 15. Peer Coaching Results
    16. 16. Work Cited Ackland, R. (1991).A review of the peer coaching literature. Journal of Staff Development. 12, 22-26. Arnau, L., Kahrs, J., &Kruskamp, B. (2004). Peer coaching: Veteran high school teachers take the lead on learning. NASSP Bulletin, 88(639), 26-41. Hasbrouck, J. E., & Christen, M. H. (1997). Providing peer coaching in inclusive classrooms: A tool for consulting teachers. Intervention in School and Clinic, 32(3), 172-177. Robbins, P. (1991). How to plan and implement a peer coaching program. Alexandria,VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum. Showers, B., & Joyce, B. (1996). The evolution of peer coaching. Educational Leadership, 53(6), 12-16. Skinner, M.E, & Welch, F.C. (1996). Peer coaching for better teaching. College Teaching. 44, 153-156.
    17. 17. Work Cited cont. Slater, C. L., & Simmons, D. L. (2001). The design and implementation of a peer coaching program. American Secondary Education, 29 (3), 67-76